Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
We integrated a social network analysis and developmental perspectives to examine the effects of friendship network popularity on depressive symptoms during early adolescence. We explored whether the association between social status processes (i.e., friendship network popularity) and depressive symptoms was moderated by socio-cognitive aspects of peer relations (i.e., a fear of negative evaluation by peers) and gender. This longitudinal study was conducted with a sample of 367 adolescents (48.5 % female; M age = 11.9 years; 9 % European American, 19 % African American, 7 % Native American, 60 % Latino(a), 5 % other) attending sixth and seventh grades at Time 1. Results indicated that, for males with high levels of fear of negative evaluation, friendship network popularity was associated negatively with increases in depressive symptoms. Conversely, for females with high levels of fear of negative evaluation, friendship network popularity was associated positively with increases in depressive symptoms. Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Allgaier, A. K., Frühe, B., Pietsch, K., Saravo, B., Baethmann, M., & Schulte-Körne, G. (2012). Is the children’s depression inventory short version a valid screening tool in pediatric care? A comparison to its full-length version. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 73, 369–374. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.08.016. CrossRefPubMed
Bagwell, C. L., & Schmidt, M. E. (2011). Friendships in childhood and adolescence. New York: The Guilford Press.
Berndt, T. J., & McCandless, M. A. (2009). Methods for investigating children’s relationships with friends. In K. H. Rubin, W. M. Bukowski, & B. Laursen (Eds.), Handbook of peer interactions, relationships, and groups: Social, emotional, and personality development in context (pp. 100–121). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Bukowski, W. M., & Hoza, B. (1989). Popularity and friendship: Issues in theory, measurement, and outcome. Peer relationships in child development. In T. J. Berndt & G. W. Ladd (Eds.), Peer relationships in child development (pp. 15–45). Oxford: Wiley.
Butts, C. T. (2008). Social network analysis with sna. Journal of Statistical Software, 24, 1–51. Retrieved from http://wiki.commres.org/pds/Statnet/v24i06.pdf.
Cillessen, A. H. N. (2009). Sociometric methods. In K. H. Rubin, W. M. Bukowski, & B. Laursen (Eds.), Handbook of peer interactions, relationships, and groups: Social, emotional, and personality development in context (pp. 82–99). New York: Guilford Press.
Cillessen, A. H. N., & Marks, P. E. L. (2011). Conceptualizing and measuring popularity. In A. H. N. Cillessen, D. Schwartz, & L. Mayeux (Eds.), Popularity in the peer system (pp. 25–57). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
de Nooy, W., Mrvar, A., & Batagelj, V. (2005). Exploratory social network analysis with Pajek. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Eder, D. (1985). The cycle of popularity: Interpersonal relations among female adolescents. Sociology of Education, 58, 154–165. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2112416.
García Coll, C. T., & Magnuson, K. (1997). The psychological experience of immigration: A developmental perspective. In A. Booth (Ed.), Immigration and the family: Research and policy on U.S. immigrants (pp. 91–131). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Kimmel, M. (2000). The gendered society. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kinderman, T. A., & Gest, S. D. (2009). Assessment of the peer group: Identifying naturally occurring social networks and capturing their effects. In K. H. Rubin, W. M. Bukowski, & B. Laursen (Eds.), Handbook of peer interactions, relationships, and groups: Social, emotional, and personality development in context (pp. 100–121). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Kornienko, O., Clemans, K. H., Out, D., & Granger, D. A. (2013). Friendship network position and salivary cortisol levels. Social Neuroscience (advance online publication). doi: 10.1080/17470919.2013.795500.
Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s depression inventory manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.
La Greca, A. M. (1998). Social anxiety scales for children and adolescents manual. FL: Miami.
Maccoby, E. E. (1998). The two sexes: Growing up apart, coming together. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Marsden, P. V. (2005). Recent developments in network measurement. In P. J. Carrington, J. Scott, & S. Wasserman (Eds.), Models and methods in social network analysis (pp. 8–31). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Merten, D. E. (1997). The meaning of meanness: Popularity, competition, and conflict among junior high school girls. Sociology of Education, 70, 175–191. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2673207.
Okamoto, J., Anderson Johnson, C., Leventhal, A., Milam, J., Pentz, M. A., Schwartz, D., et al. (2011). Social network status and depression among adolescents: An examination of social network influences and depressive symptoms in a Chinese sample. Research in Human Development, 8, 67–88. doi: 10.1080/15427609.2011.549711. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Oldehinkel, A. J., Rosmalen, J. G. M., Veenstra, R., Dijkstra, J. K., & Ormel, J. (2007). Being admired or being liked: Classroom social status and depressive problems in early adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 417–427. doi: 10.1007/s10802-007-9100-0. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Parker, J. G., & Asher, S. R. (1993). Friendship and friendship quality in middle childhood: Links with peer group acceptance and feelings of loneliness and social dissatisfaction. Developmental Psychology, 29, 611–621. CrossRef
Parker, J. G., Rubin, K. H., Erath, S. A., Wojslawowicz, J. C., & Buskirk, A. A. (2006). Peer relationships, child development, and adjustment: A developmental psychopathology perspective. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 1: Theory and methods (2nd ed., pp. 96–161). New York, NY: Wiley.
Pellegrini, A. D., Roseth, C. J., Van Ryzin, M. J., & Solberg, D. W. (2011). Popularity as form of social dominance: An evolutional perspective. In A. H. N. Cillessen, D. Schwartz, & L. Mayeux (Eds.), Popularity in the peer system (pp. 123–140). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Rose, A. J., Glick, G. C., & Smith, R. L. (2011). Popularity and gender: The two cultures of boys and girls. In A. H. N. Cillessen, D. Schwartz, & L. Mayeux (Eds.), Popularity in the peer system (pp. 103–122). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Rudolph, K. D. (2008). The interpersonal context of adolescent depression. In S. Nolen-Hoeksema, & L. M. Hilt (Eds.), Handbook of depression in adolescents (pp. 377–419). New York, NY: Routledge.
Savin-Williams, R. C. (1979). Dominance hierarchies in groups of early adolescents. Child Development, 50, 923–935. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1129316.
Stevens, J. P. (2002). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences (4th ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Twenge, J., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2002). Age, gender, race, socioeconomic status, and birth cohort difference on the children’s depression inventory: A meta-analysis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111, 578–588. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0021843X.
Ueno, K. (2005). The effects of friendship networks on adolescent depressive symptoms. Social Science Research, 34, 484–510. Retrieved from doi: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2004.03.002.
Valente, T. W. (2010). Social networks and health: Models, methods, and applications. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Veenstra, R., Dijkstra, J. K., Steglich, C., & Van Zalk, M. (Eds.). (2013). Network and behavior dynamics in adolescence. [Special issue]. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 23.
Way, N. (2011). Deep secrets: Boys’ friendships and the crisis connection. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. CrossRef
- The Effects of Friendship Network Popularity on Depressive Symptoms During Early Adolescence: Moderation by Fear of Negative Evaluation and Gender
Carlos E. Santos
- Springer US