Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2011

01-03-2011 | Original Paper

The Effect of Self-Compassion on the Development of Depression Symptoms in a Non-clinical Sample

Auteur: Filip Raes

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2011

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Self-compassion, or the ability to kindly accept oneself while suffering, is a topic of significant and growing scientific interest. Past research has shown, for example, that self-compassion is associated with less concurrent depression. So far, however, it remained untested whether self-compassion also prospectively predicts depression symptoms. Three hundred and forty-seven first-year psychology students (303 women; 44 men), ages 17–36, completed measures of self-compassion and depression symptoms at two assessments separated by a 5-month period. Results showed that self-compasion significantly predicted changes in depression symptoms, such that higher levels of self-compassion at baseline were significantly associated with greater reductions and/or smaller increases in such symptoms over the 5-month interval. These findings are consistent with the idea that self-compassion respresents a potentially important protective factor for emotional problems such as depression. Additional analyses further suggest that self-compassion is a relatively stable trait-like characteristic.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Arrindell, W. A. (1993). The fear of fear concept: Stability, retest artefact and predictive power. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 139–148. PubMedCrossRef Arrindell, W. A. (1993). The fear of fear concept: Stability, retest artefact and predictive power. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 139–148. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory (2nd ed.). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation. Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory (2nd ed.). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Bögels, S. M., Lehtonen, A., & Restifo, K. (2010). Mindful parenting in mental health care. Mindfulness, 1, 107–120. PubMedCrossRef Bögels, S. M., Lehtonen, A., & Restifo, K. (2010). Mindful parenting in mental health care. Mindfulness, 1, 107–120. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Germer, C. K. (2009). The mindful path to self-compassion. New York: Guilford. Germer, C. K. (2009). The mindful path to self-compassion. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Gilbert, P. (2005). Compassion and cruelty: A biopsychosocial approach. In P. Gilbert (Ed.), Compassion: Conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 9–74). Hove, UK: Routledge. Gilbert, P. (2005). Compassion and cruelty: A biopsychosocial approach. In P. Gilbert (Ed.), Compassion: Conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 9–74). Hove, UK: Routledge.
go back to reference Gilbert, P., & Proctor, S. (2006). Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: Overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 13, 353–379. CrossRef Gilbert, P., & Proctor, S. (2006). Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: Overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 13, 353–379. CrossRef
go back to reference Howarth, E. (1978). The μ index for differentiating state and trait. Psychological Reports, 43, 474. Howarth, E. (1978). The μ index for differentiating state and trait. Psychological Reports, 43, 474.
go back to reference Kuyken, W., Watkins, E., Holden, E., White, K., Taylor, R. S., Byford, S., et al. (2010). How does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy work? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48, 1105–1112. PubMedCrossRef Kuyken, W., Watkins, E., Holden, E., White, K., Taylor, R. S., Byford, S., et al. (2010). How does mindfulness-based cognitive therapy work? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48, 1105–1112. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Leary, M. R., Tate, E. B., Adams, C. E., Allen, A. B., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: The implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 92, 887–904. Leary, M. R., Tate, E. B., Adams, C. E., Allen, A. B., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: The implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 92, 887–904.
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2003a). Development and validation of a scale to measure selfcompassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223–250. CrossRef Neff, K. D. (2003a). Development and validation of a scale to measure selfcompassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223–250. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2003b). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85–102. CrossRef Neff, K. D. (2003b). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity, 2, 85–102. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D., Kirkpatrick, K. L., & Rude, S. S. (2007). Self-compassion and adaptive psychological functioning. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 139–154. CrossRef Neff, K. D., Kirkpatrick, K. L., & Rude, S. S. (2007). Self-compassion and adaptive psychological functioning. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 139–154. CrossRef
go back to reference Neff, K. D. (2009). Self-Compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 561–573). New York: Guilford Press Neff, K. D. (2009). Self-Compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 561–573). New York: Guilford Press
go back to reference Raes, F. (2010). Ruminating and worrying as mediators of the relationship between self-compassion and anxiety and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 757–761. CrossRef Raes, F. (2010). Ruminating and worrying as mediators of the relationship between self-compassion and anxiety and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 757–761. CrossRef
go back to reference Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (2010). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self-compassion scale. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. doi: 10.​1002/​cpp.​702. Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (2010). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the self-compassion scale. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. doi: 10.​1002/​cpp.​702.
go back to reference Van der Does, A. J. W. (2002). Manual of the Dutch version of the BDI-II. San Antonio, TX/Lisse, the Netherlands: The Psychological Corporation/Swets Test Publishers. Van der Does, A. J. W. (2002). Manual of the Dutch version of the BDI-II. San Antonio, TX/Lisse, the Netherlands: The Psychological Corporation/Swets Test Publishers.
go back to reference Vanheule, S., Desmet, M., Groenvynck, H., Rosseel, Y., & Fontaine, J. (2008). The factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory–II: An evaluation. Assessment, 15, 177–187. PubMedCrossRef Vanheule, S., Desmet, M., Groenvynck, H., Rosseel, Y., & Fontaine, J. (2008). The factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory–II: An evaluation. Assessment, 15, 177–187. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
The Effect of Self-Compassion on the Development of Depression Symptoms in a Non-clinical Sample
Auteur
Filip Raes
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2011
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-011-0040-y