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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2015

01-05-2015 | Original Paper

The Effect of Inversion on Face Recognition in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Darren Hedley, Neil Brewer, Robyn Young

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2015

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Abstract

Face identity recognition has widely been shown to be impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In this study we examined the influence of inversion on face recognition in 26 adults with ASD and 33 age and IQ matched controls. Participants completed a recognition test comprising upright and inverted faces. Participants with ASD performed worse than controls on the recognition task but did not show an advantage for inverted face recognition. Both groups directed more visual attention to the eye than the mouth region and gaze patterns were not found to be associated with recognition performance. These results provide evidence of a normal effect of inversion on face recognition in adults with ASD.
Voetnoten
1
Participants indicated that they were unaware the study was a recognition study after completing the study phase, suggesting the strategy was effective at concealing the true purpose of the study.
 
2
95 % CI for effect size (d).
 
3
We applied the same analyses with the EMI as a function of the sum fixation time (i.e., looking time) to the eye and mouth AOIs. Again, no association was identified between the EMI and face recognition performance (ASD: EMIupright, r s = .02, p = .94, EMIinverted, r s = .09, p = .67; non-ASD: EMIupright, r s = .21, p = .26, EMIinverted, r s = −.09, p = .63). Results were also similar for the ANOVA analysis with one exception. The analysis of looking time revealed a significant main effect for orientation, F(1,56) = 8.96, p = .004, η p 2  = .138. Post hoc comparison with a Bonferroni correction revealed that the EMI for upright stimuli (M = .82, SD = .03) was significantly higher than the EMI for inverted stimuli (M = .70, SD = .03) indicating that participants looked longer at the eyes than the mouth regions in the upright compared to the inverted condition, p = .004. The main effects for stimulus and diagnosis and the interactions were otherwise not found to be significant (Stimulus × Orientation interaction, F(1,56) = 1.85, p = .179, η p 2  = .032, all other results, F < 1, p > .05).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The Effect of Inversion on Face Recognition in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Darren Hedley
Neil Brewer
Robyn Young
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2297-1

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