Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
In an attempt to replicate and clarify previous research, we examined the associations between the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills (KIMS) and measures of sustained (Continuous Performance Test; CPT) and executive (Stroop) attention in a community sample of adults (n = 106). After controlling for age, gender, education, socio-economic status, IQ, and depression and anxiety, analyses indicated that the KIMS-Observe scale predicted enhanced Stroop performance and reduced variability in attentional processing on the CPT. Post hoc analyses also provided evidence that the associative strength between KIMS-Observe and reduced CPT reaction time variability increased as a function of task block, suggestive of a protective effect against attentional lapses due to prolonged exposure to the CPT. While the present study failed to replicate previously reported associations between KIMS and attentional functioning, the consistency of current findings to conceptualizations of mindfulness suggests that KIMS-Observe taps important attentional processes thought to underlie mindfulness.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Analayo. (2003). Satipatthana: The Direct Path to Realization. Birmingham: Windhorse.
Baer, R. A. (2011). Measuring mindfulness. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 241–261. CrossRef
Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., et al. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241. CrossRef
Bodhi, B. (2011). What does mindfulness really mean? A canonical perspective. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 19–39. CrossRef
Brickenkamp, R., & Zilmer, E. (1988). D2 Test of Attention: Manual. Oxford: Hogrefe & Huber.
Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007). Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18(4), 211–237. CrossRef
Conners, C. K. (1994). The Continuous Performance Test (CPT): Use as a Diagnostic Tool and Measure of Treatment Outcome. Los Angeles: American Psychological Association.
Conners, C. K. (2000). Continuous Performance Test II Technical Guide and Software Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Davies, D. R., & Parasuraman, R. (1982). The Psychology of Vigilance. London: Academic Press.
Flehmig, H. C., Steinborn, M., Langner, R., Anja, S., & Westhoff, K. (2007). Assessing intraindividual variability in sustained attention: Reliability, relation to speed and accuracy, and practice effects. Psychology Science, 49, 132–149.
Golden, C. J. (1978). Stroop Color and Word Test: A Manual for Clinical and Experimental Uses. Wood Dale: Stoelting.
Grossman, P., & Van Dam, N. T. (2011). Mindfulness, by any other name…: trials and tribulations of sati in western psychology and science. Contemporary Buddhism, 12(1), 219–239. CrossRef
Hollingshead, A. B. (1957). Two Factor Index of Social Position. New Haven: Yale University Department of Sociology.
Jensen, C. G., Vangklide, S., Frokjaer, V., & Hasselbalch, S. G. (2011). Mindfulness training affects attention—Or is it attentional effort? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
Josefsson, T., & Broberg, A. (2010). Meditators and non-meditators on sustained and executive attentional performance. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 14(3), 291–309. CrossRef
Ortner, C. N. M., Kilner, S. J., & Zelazo, P. D. (2007). Mindfulness meditation and reduced emotional interference on a cognitive task. Motivation and Emotion, 31(4), 271–283. CrossRef
Parasuraman, R. (1984). Sustained attention in detection and discrimination. In R. Parasuraman & D. R. Davies (Eds.), Varieties of Attention (pp. 243–271). Orlando: Academic Press.
Rosch, E. (2007). More than mindfulness: When you have a tiger by the tail, let it eat you. Psychological Inquiry, 18(4), 258–264. CrossRef
Schmertz, S. K., Anderson, P. L., & Robins, D. L. (2009). The relation between self-report mindfulness and performance on tasks of sustained attention. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31(1), 60–66. CrossRef
Semple, R. J. (2010). Does mindfulness enhance attention? A randomized controlled trial. Mindfulness, 1, 121–130. CrossRef
Siegel, D. J. (2007). The Mindful Brain: Reflection and Attunement in the Cultivation of Well-Being (p. 387). New York: W W Norton & Co.
Smalley, S. L., McGough, J. J., Del’Homme, M., NewDelman, J., Gordon, E., Kim, T., et al. (2000). Familial clustering of symptoms and disruptive behaviors in multiplex families with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(9), 1135–1143. PubMedCrossRef
SPSS. (2007). SPSS for Windows (Version 16.0). New York, NY: SPSS.
Wechsler, D. (1997). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-3). San Antonio: Harcourt Assessment.
Wenk-Sormaz, H. (2005). Meditation can reduce habitual responding. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 21(3–4), 33–49. PubMed
- The Disciplined Mind: Associations Between the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills and Attention Control
Brian M. Galla
T. Sigi Hale
Sandra K. Loo
Susan L. Smalley
- Springer US