Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 8/2008

01-11-2008

The Development of Aggression During Adolescence: Sex Differences in Trajectories of Physical and Social Aggression Among Youth in Rural Areas

Auteurs: Katherine J. Karriker-Jaffe, Vangie A. Foshee, Susan T. Ennett, Chirayath Suchindran

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 8/2008

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

To describe trajectories of aggressive behaviors for adolescents living in rural areas, we compared the patterns, timing and sex differences in development of physical and social aggression using five waves of data collected from youth in school surveys administered over 2.5 years. The sample (N = 5,151) was 50.0% female, 52.1% Caucasian and 38.2% African-American. Multilevel growth curve models showed that physical and social aggression followed curvilinear trajectories from ages 11 to 18, with increases in each type of aggression followed by subsequent declines. Physical aggression peaked around age 15; social aggression peaked around age 14. Boys consistently perpetrated more physical aggression than girls, but the trajectories were parallel. There were no sex differences in the perpetration of social aggression. Given the characteristics of the developmental trajectories observed, interventions with both boys and girls targeting physically and socially aggressive behaviors are needed in early adolescence to slow the development of aggression.
Literatuur
go back to reference Aber, J. L., Brown, J. L., & Jones, S. M. (2003). Developmental trajectories toward violence in middle childhood: Course, demographic differences, and response to school-based intervention. Developmental Psychology, 39(2), 324–348. PubMedCrossRef Aber, J. L., Brown, J. L., & Jones, S. M. (2003). Developmental trajectories toward violence in middle childhood: Course, demographic differences, and response to school-based intervention. Developmental Psychology, 39(2), 324–348. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Allison, P. D. (2000). Multiple imputation for missing data: A cautionary tale. Sociological Methods and Research, 28, 301–309. CrossRef Allison, P. D. (2000). Multiple imputation for missing data: A cautionary tale. Sociological Methods and Research, 28, 301–309. CrossRef
go back to reference Allison, P. D. (2005). Imputation of categorical variables with PROC MI. Paper presented at the 30th Annual SAS Users Group International Conference (SUGI 30), Philadelphia, PA. Allison, P. D. (2005). Imputation of categorical variables with PROC MI. Paper presented at the 30th Annual SAS Users Group International Conference (SUGI 30), Philadelphia, PA.
go back to reference Archer, J., & Coyne, S. M. (2005). An integrated review of indirect, relational and social aggression. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9(3), 212–230. PubMedCrossRef Archer, J., & Coyne, S. M. (2005). An integrated review of indirect, relational and social aggression. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9(3), 212–230. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Belsley, D. A., Kuh, E., & Welsch, R. E. (1980). Regression diagnostics. New York: Wiley. Belsley, D. A., Kuh, E., & Welsch, R. E. (1980). Regression diagnostics. New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Blitstein, J. L., Murray, D. M., Lytle, L. A., Birnbaum, A. S., & Perry, C. L. (2005). Predictors of violent behavior in an early adolescent cohort: Similarities and differences across genders. Health Education and Behavior, 32(2), 175–194. PubMedCrossRef Blitstein, J. L., Murray, D. M., Lytle, L. A., Birnbaum, A. S., & Perry, C. L. (2005). Predictors of violent behavior in an early adolescent cohort: Similarities and differences across genders. Health Education and Behavior, 32(2), 175–194. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Blum, R. W., Beuhring, T., Shew, M. L., Bearinger, L. H., Sieving, R. E., & Resnick, M. D. (2000). The effects of race/ethnicity, income, and family structure on adolescent risk behaviors. American Journal of Public Health, 90(12), 1879–1884. PubMedCrossRef Blum, R. W., Beuhring, T., Shew, M. L., Bearinger, L. H., Sieving, R. E., & Resnick, M. D. (2000). The effects of race/ethnicity, income, and family structure on adolescent risk behaviors. American Journal of Public Health, 90(12), 1879–1884. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bongers, I. L., Koot, H. M., van der Ende, J., & Verhulst, F. C. (2003). The normative development of child and adolescent problem behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112(2), 179–192. PubMedCrossRef Bongers, I. L., Koot, H. M., van der Ende, J., & Verhulst, F. C. (2003). The normative development of child and adolescent problem behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112(2), 179–192. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cairns, R. B., Cairns, B. D., Neckerman, H. J., Ferguson, L. L., & Gariépy, J. (1989). Growth and aggression: 1. Childhood to early adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 25(2), 320–330. CrossRef Cairns, R. B., Cairns, B. D., Neckerman, H. J., Ferguson, L. L., & Gariépy, J. (1989). Growth and aggression: 1. Childhood to early adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 25(2), 320–330. CrossRef
go back to reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2006). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2005. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 55(SS-S5), 1–108. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2006). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2005. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 55(SS-S5), 1–108.
go back to reference Connor, D. F. (2002). Aggression and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: Research and treatment. New York: Guilford. Connor, D. F. (2002). Aggression and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: Research and treatment. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Cook, T. D., Herman, M. R., Phillips, M., & Settersten Jr, R. A. (2002). Some ways in which neighborhoods, nuclear families, friendship groups, and schools jointly affect changes in early adolescent development. Child Development, 73(4), 1283–1309. PubMedCrossRef Cook, T. D., Herman, M. R., Phillips, M., & Settersten Jr, R. A. (2002). Some ways in which neighborhoods, nuclear families, friendship groups, and schools jointly affect changes in early adolescent development. Child Development, 73(4), 1283–1309. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Crick, N. R. (1997). Engagement in gender normative versus nonnormative forms of aggression: Links to social–psychological adjustment. Developmental Psychology, 33(4), 610–617. PubMedCrossRef Crick, N. R. (1997). Engagement in gender normative versus nonnormative forms of aggression: Links to social–psychological adjustment. Developmental Psychology, 33(4), 610–617. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender, and social–psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66, 710–722. PubMedCrossRef Crick, N. R., & Grotpeter, J. K. (1995). Relational aggression, gender, and social–psychological adjustment. Child Development, 66, 710–722. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Curran, P. J., & Willoughby, M. T. (2003). Implications of latent trajectory models for the study of developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 581–612. PubMedCrossRef Curran, P. J., & Willoughby, M. T. (2003). Implications of latent trajectory models for the study of developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 581–612. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Duncan, S. C., Duncan, T. E., & Hops, H. (1996). Analysis of longitudinal data within accelerated longitudinal designs. Psychological Methods, 1(3), 236–248. CrossRef Duncan, S. C., Duncan, T. E., & Hops, H. (1996). Analysis of longitudinal data within accelerated longitudinal designs. Psychological Methods, 1(3), 236–248. CrossRef
go back to reference Elliott, D. S. (1994). Serious violent offenders: Onset, developmental course and termination—the American Society of Criminology 1993 Presidential Address. Criminology, 32(1), 1–21. CrossRef Elliott, D. S. (1994). Serious violent offenders: Onset, developmental course and termination—the American Society of Criminology 1993 Presidential Address. Criminology, 32(1), 1–21. CrossRef
go back to reference Ennett, S. T., & Bauman, K. E. (1996). Adolescent social networks: School, demographic and longitudinal considerations. Journal of Adolescent Research, 11, 194–245. CrossRef Ennett, S. T., & Bauman, K. E. (1996). Adolescent social networks: School, demographic and longitudinal considerations. Journal of Adolescent Research, 11, 194–245. CrossRef
go back to reference Ennett, S. T., Bauman, K. E., Hussong, A. M., Faris, R., Foshee, V. A., DuRant, R. H., et al. (2006). The peer context of adolescent substance use: Findings from social network analysis. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16(2), 159–186. CrossRef Ennett, S. T., Bauman, K. E., Hussong, A. M., Faris, R., Foshee, V. A., DuRant, R. H., et al. (2006). The peer context of adolescent substance use: Findings from social network analysis. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16(2), 159–186. CrossRef
go back to reference Evans, W. P., Fitzgerald, C., Weigel, D., & Chvilicek, S. (1999). Are rural gang members similar to their urban peers: Implications for rural communities. Youth & Society, 30(3), 267–282. CrossRef Evans, W. P., Fitzgerald, C., Weigel, D., & Chvilicek, S. (1999). Are rural gang members similar to their urban peers: Implications for rural communities. Youth & Society, 30(3), 267–282. CrossRef
go back to reference Farrell, A. D., Kung, E. M., White, K. S., & Valois, R. F. (2000). The structure of self-reported aggression, drug use, and delinquent behaviors during early adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 282–292. PubMedCrossRef Farrell, A. D., Kung, E. M., White, K. S., & Valois, R. F. (2000). The structure of self-reported aggression, drug use, and delinquent behaviors during early adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 282–292. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Farrell, A. D., & Sullivan, T. N. (2004). Impact of witnessing violence on growth curves for problem behaviors among early adolescents in urban and rural settings. Journal of Community Psychology, 32(5), 505–525. CrossRef Farrell, A. D., & Sullivan, T. N. (2004). Impact of witnessing violence on growth curves for problem behaviors among early adolescents in urban and rural settings. Journal of Community Psychology, 32(5), 505–525. CrossRef
go back to reference Farrell, A. D., Sullivan, T. N., Esposito, L. E., Meyer, A. L., & Valois, R. F. (2005). A latent growth curve analysis of the structure of aggression, drug use, and delinquent behaviors and their interrelations over time in urban and rural adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 15(2), 179–204. CrossRef Farrell, A. D., Sullivan, T. N., Esposito, L. E., Meyer, A. L., & Valois, R. F. (2005). A latent growth curve analysis of the structure of aggression, drug use, and delinquent behaviors and their interrelations over time in urban and rural adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 15(2), 179–204. CrossRef
go back to reference Fergusson, D. M., & Horwood, L. J. (2002). Male and female offending trajectories. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 159–177. PubMedCrossRef Fergusson, D. M., & Horwood, L. J. (2002). Male and female offending trajectories. Development and Psychopathology, 14, 159–177. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hope, T. L., & Bierman, K. L. (1998). Patterns of home and school behavior problems in rural and urban settings. Journal of School Psychology, 36(1), 45–58. CrossRef Hope, T. L., & Bierman, K. L. (1998). Patterns of home and school behavior problems in rural and urban settings. Journal of School Psychology, 36(1), 45–58. CrossRef
go back to reference Horton, N. J., & Lipsitz, S. R. (2001). Multiple imputation in practice: Comparison of software packages for regression models with missing variables. The American Statistician, 55(3), 244–254. CrossRef Horton, N. J., & Lipsitz, S. R. (2001). Multiple imputation in practice: Comparison of software packages for regression models with missing variables. The American Statistician, 55(3), 244–254. CrossRef
go back to reference Howell, D. C. (1992). Statistical methods for psychology. Boston: PWS-Kent. Howell, D. C. (1992). Statistical methods for psychology. Boston: PWS-Kent.
go back to reference Kenward, M. G., & Roger, J. H. (1997). Small sample inferences for fixed effects from restricted maximum likelihood. Biometrics, 53(3), 983–997. PubMedCrossRef Kenward, M. G., & Roger, J. H. (1997). Small sample inferences for fixed effects from restricted maximum likelihood. Biometrics, 53(3), 983–997. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kulig, J. C., Hall, B. L., & Grant Kalischuk, R. (2006). Violence in rural communities: Youth speak out!. Rural and Remote Health, 6, 500–510. PubMed Kulig, J. C., Hall, B. L., & Grant Kalischuk, R. (2006). Violence in rural communities: Youth speak out!. Rural and Remote Health, 6, 500–510. PubMed
go back to reference Lagerspetz, K. M. J., Björkqvist, K., & Peltonen, T. (1988). Is indirect aggression typical of females? Gender differences in aggressiveness in 11- to 12-year-old children. Aggressive Behavior, 14, 403–414. CrossRef Lagerspetz, K. M. J., Björkqvist, K., & Peltonen, T. (1988). Is indirect aggression typical of females? Gender differences in aggressiveness in 11- to 12-year-old children. Aggressive Behavior, 14, 403–414. CrossRef
go back to reference Loeber, R., & Hay, D. (1997). Key issues in the development of aggression and violence from childhood to early adulthood. Annual Review of Psychology, 48, 371–410. PubMedCrossRef Loeber, R., & Hay, D. (1997). Key issues in the development of aggression and violence from childhood to early adulthood. Annual Review of Psychology, 48, 371–410. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Magnusson, D., & Stattin, H. (1998). Person-context interaction theories. In R. M. Lerner (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology (5th ed., Vol. 1): Theoretical models of human development (pp. 685–759). New York: Wiley. Magnusson, D., & Stattin, H. (1998). Person-context interaction theories. In R. M. Lerner (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology (5th ed., Vol. 1): Theoretical models of human development (pp. 685–759). New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100(4), 674–701. PubMedCrossRef Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100(4), 674–701. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Neter, J., Wasserman, W., & Kutner, M. H. (1990). Applied linear statistical models: Regression, analysis of variance, and experimental designs (3rd ed.). Burr Ridge: Irwin. Neter, J., Wasserman, W., & Kutner, M. H. (1990). Applied linear statistical models: Regression, analysis of variance, and experimental designs (3rd ed.). Burr Ridge: Irwin.
go back to reference Patrician, P. A. (2002). Multiple imputation for missing data. Research in Nursing & Health, 25, 76–84. CrossRef Patrician, P. A. (2002). Multiple imputation for missing data. Research in Nursing & Health, 25, 76–84. CrossRef
go back to reference Pepler, D. J., & Craig, W. M. (2005). Aggressive girls on troubled trajectories: A developmental perspective. In D. J. Pepler, K. C. Madsen, C. Webster, & K. S. Levene (Eds.), The development and treatment of girlhood aggression (pp. 3–28). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pepler, D. J., & Craig, W. M. (2005). Aggressive girls on troubled trajectories: A developmental perspective. In D. J. Pepler, K. C. Madsen, C. Webster, & K. S. Levene (Eds.), The development and treatment of girlhood aggression (pp. 3–28). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage. Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
go back to reference Ricketts III, T. C., Johnson-Webb, K. D., & Randolph, R. K. (1999). Populations and places in rural America. In T. C. Ricketts III (Ed.), Rural health in the United States (pp. 7–24). New York: Oxford University Press. Ricketts III, T. C., Johnson-Webb, K. D., & Randolph, R. K. (1999). Populations and places in rural America. In T. C. Ricketts III (Ed.), Rural health in the United States (pp. 7–24). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Rubin, D. B. (1987). Multiple imputation for non-response in surveys. New York: Wiley. Rubin, D. B. (1987). Multiple imputation for non-response in surveys. New York: Wiley.
go back to reference Sampson, R. J., Morenoff, J. D., & Raudenbush, S. W. (2005). Social anatomy of racial and ethnic disparities in violence. American Journal of Public Health, 95(2), 224–232. PubMedCrossRef Sampson, R. J., Morenoff, J. D., & Raudenbush, S. W. (2005). Social anatomy of racial and ethnic disparities in violence. American Journal of Public Health, 95(2), 224–232. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference SAS Institute (2003). Statistical Analysis Software (SAS), Version 9.1. Cary: SAS. SAS Institute (2003). Statistical Analysis Software (SAS), Version 9.1. Cary: SAS.
go back to reference Sen, P. K., & Singer, J. D. (1993). Large sample methods in statistics: An introduction with applications. New York: Chapman & Hall. Sen, P. K., & Singer, J. D. (1993). Large sample methods in statistics: An introduction with applications. New York: Chapman & Hall.
go back to reference Silverthorn, P., & Frick, P. J. (1999). Developmental pathways to antisocial behavior: The delayed-onset pathway in girls. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 101–126. PubMedCrossRef Silverthorn, P., & Frick, P. J. (1999). Developmental pathways to antisocial behavior: The delayed-onset pathway in girls. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 101–126. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Swaim, R. C., Henry, K. L., & Kelly, K. (2006). Predictors of aggressive behaviors among rural middle school youth. Journal of Primary Prevention, 27(3), 229–243. PubMedCrossRef Swaim, R. C., Henry, K. L., & Kelly, K. (2006). Predictors of aggressive behaviors among rural middle school youth. Journal of Primary Prevention, 27(3), 229–243. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tolan, P. H., Gorman-Smith, D., & Loeber, R. (2000). Developmental timing of onsets of disruptive behaviors and later delinquency of inner-city youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 9(2), 203–220. CrossRef Tolan, P. H., Gorman-Smith, D., & Loeber, R. (2000). Developmental timing of onsets of disruptive behaviors and later delinquency of inner-city youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 9(2), 203–220. CrossRef
go back to reference U.S. Census Bureau. (2002). Census 2000 Summary File 3-United States [Electronic data files]. U.S. Census Bureau. (2002). Census 2000 Summary File 3-United States [Electronic data files].
go back to reference Windle, M. (2000). A latent growth curve model of delinquent activity among adolescents. Applied Developmental Science, 4(4), 193–207. CrossRef Windle, M. (2000). A latent growth curve model of delinquent activity among adolescents. Applied Developmental Science, 4(4), 193–207. CrossRef
go back to reference Xie, H., Cairns, B. D., & Cairns, R. B. (2005). The development of aggressive behaviors among girls: Measurement issues, social functions, and differential trajectories. In D. J. Pepler, K. C. Madsen, C. Webster, & K. S. Levene (Eds.), The development and treatment of girlhood aggression (pp. 105–136). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. Xie, H., Cairns, B. D., & Cairns, R. B. (2005). The development of aggressive behaviors among girls: Measurement issues, social functions, and differential trajectories. In D. J. Pepler, K. C. Madsen, C. Webster, & K. S. Levene (Eds.), The development and treatment of girlhood aggression (pp. 105–136). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Xie, H., Swift, D. J., Cairns, B. D., & Cairns, R. B. (2002). Aggressive behaviors in social interaction and developmental adaptation: A narrative analysis of interpersonal conflicts during early adolescence. Social Development, 11(2), 205–224. CrossRef Xie, H., Swift, D. J., Cairns, B. D., & Cairns, R. B. (2002). Aggressive behaviors in social interaction and developmental adaptation: A narrative analysis of interpersonal conflicts during early adolescence. Social Development, 11(2), 205–224. CrossRef
go back to reference Yonas, M. A., O'Campo, P., Burke, J. G., Peak, G., & Gielen, A. C. (2005). Urban youth violence: Do definitions and reasons for violence vary by gender? Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 82(4), 543–551. CrossRef Yonas, M. A., O'Campo, P., Burke, J. G., Peak, G., & Gielen, A. C. (2005). Urban youth violence: Do definitions and reasons for violence vary by gender? Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 82(4), 543–551. CrossRef
go back to reference Yoon, J. S., Barton, E., & Taiariol, J. (2004). Relational aggression in middle school: Educational implications of developmental research. Journal of Early Adolescence, 24(3), 303–318. CrossRef Yoon, J. S., Barton, E., & Taiariol, J. (2004). Relational aggression in middle school: Educational implications of developmental research. Journal of Early Adolescence, 24(3), 303–318. CrossRef
go back to reference Yuan, Y. C. (2000). Multiple imputation for missing data: Concepts and new development. Paper presented at the 25th Annual SAS Users Group International Conference (SUGI 25), Indianapolis, IN. Yuan, Y. C. (2000). Multiple imputation for missing data: Concepts and new development. Paper presented at the 25th Annual SAS Users Group International Conference (SUGI 25), Indianapolis, IN.
go back to reference Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Geiger, T. C., & Crick, N. R. (2005). Relational and physical aggression, prosocial behavior and peer relations: Gender moderation and bidirectional associations. Journal of Early Adolescence, 25(4), 421–452. CrossRef Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Geiger, T. C., & Crick, N. R. (2005). Relational and physical aggression, prosocial behavior and peer relations: Gender moderation and bidirectional associations. Journal of Early Adolescence, 25(4), 421–452. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
The Development of Aggression During Adolescence: Sex Differences in Trajectories of Physical and Social Aggression Among Youth in Rural Areas
Auteurs
Katherine J. Karriker-Jaffe
Vangie A. Foshee
Susan T. Ennett
Chirayath Suchindran
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 8/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-008-9245-5

Andere artikelen Uitgave 8/2008

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 8/2008 Naar de uitgave