Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The Attitudes and Belief Scale-2 (ABS-2) developed in the late 1980s, is a measure of Ellis’ irrational and rational beliefs. Although no publication has described the instrument and it has only appeared in conference presentations, many researchers have used the ABS-2 to test REBT. This article describes the development of the ABS-2 and the original research on its psychometric properties. The scale has three factors that represent 24 different cells in a 4 × 2 × 3 factorial model. The first factor, Cognitive Processes, reflects Ellis’ concepts of Demandingness, Awfulizing, Frustration Intolerance, and Self-Downing. The second factor covers irrationally worded items versus rationally worded items. The rationally worded items were written to counter the irrational beliefs. The third factor includes content or life themes about which the person could be concerned, and includes Achievement, Affiliation, and Comfort. The ABS-2 generates a Total Score, a Total Irrationality Score, a Total Rationality score, and Scales scores representing each of the four Cognitive Processes domains and each of the three Content domains. The ABS-2 scores demonstrate adequate to excellent internal consistency, and correlate significantly with measures of depression, anxiety, life satisfaction, selfcontrol, well-being, and measures of internalizing personality disorders. The ABS-2 did not correlate significantly with measures of anger, externalizing personality disorders, mania, and somatoform disorder. An exploratory factor analysis provided weak support for the factor structure of the scale. The ABS-2 scores distinguish between normal and clinical samples. Rationally worded items discriminated between clinical and nonclinical groups much better than did the irrationally worded scales, suggesting that instruments that only assess irrational beliefs might underestimate the support for REBT.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Agiurgioaei-Boie, A. (2014). Measuring irrational beliefs across culture new directions in the rational emotive behavior therapy (Order No. 3580802). Available From ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global. (1543358272). Retrieved from: http://search.proquest.com/pqdtglobal/docview/1543358272/fulltextPDF/8A91A0CE2A3144D9PQ/s?accountid=14066.
Agiurgioaei-Boie, A., Agiurgioaei-Boie, F., & DiGiuseppe, R. A. (Participant) (2011). Cross cultural comparison of three cognitive-behavioral models for predicting emotional distress. In Poster Presentation at the 119th Annual APA Convention.
Alberti, R. E., & Ellis, A. (2014). The biological basis of human irrationality. In J. Carlson, W. Knaus, J. Carlson, & W. Knaus (Eds.), Albert Ellis revisited (pp. 103–123). New York, NY, US: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (third - revised). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York, NY: Meridian.
Beck, A. T., & Beck, J. (1991). The personality beliefs questionnaire. Unpublished instrument. Bala Cynwood, PA: Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research.
Bernard, M. E. (1990). Validation of General Attitude and Belief Scale. Keystone, CO: Presented at the World Congress on Mental Health Counseling.
Bernard, M. E. (1998). Validation of the General Attitude and Belief Scale. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy,16, 183–196. CrossRef
Burgess, P. (1986). Belief systems and emotional disturbance: Evaluation of the rational emotive model. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne, Australia.
Burgess, P. M. (1990). Toward resolution of conceptual issues in the assessment of belief systems in rational-emotive therapy. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy,4(2), 171–184.
Campbell, I. M. (1985). The psychology of homosexuality. In A. Ellis & M. E. Bernard (Eds.), Clinical applications of rational-emotive therapy (pp. 153–180). New York: Plenum. CrossRef
Cândea, D., & Szentágotai-Tătar, A. (2014). Does shame-proneness enhance our understanding of social anxiety beyond classical cognitive constructs? Transylvanian Journal of Psychology,15(1), 33–47.
Chamberlain, J. M., & Haaga, D. A. F. (2001). Unconditional self-acceptance and psychological health. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy,19, 163–176. CrossRef
Cristea, I. A., Szentagotai, A., Nagy, D., & David, D. (2012). The bottle is half-empty and that is bad, but not tragic: Differential effects of negative functional reappraisal. Motivation and Emotion. doi: 10.1007/s11031-012-9277-6.
David, D., Freeman, A., & DiGiuseppe, R. (2010). Rational and irrational beliefs: Implications for mechanisms of change and practice in psychotherapy. In D. David, S. J. Lynn, & A. Ellis (Eds.), Rational and irrational beliefs: Research, theory, and clinical practice (pp. 195–217). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
David, D., Lynn, S. J., & Ellis, A. (Eds.). (2009). Rational and irrational beliefs in human functioning and disturbances; Implication for research, theory, and practice. New York: Oxford University Press.
DiGiuseppe, R., Doyle, K., Dryden, W., & Backx, W. (2014). A practitioner’s guide to rational emotive behavior therapy (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
DiGiuseppe, R., Leaf, R., Robin, M. W., & Exner, J. (1988). The development of a measure of irrational/rational thinking (p. 6). Edinburgh, Scotland: Presented at the World Congress on Behavior Therapy.
DiGiuseppe, R., & McInerney, J. (1990). Patterns of addiction: A rational-emotive perspective. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy,4(2), 121–134.
DiGiuseppe, R., Robin, M. W., Leaf, R., & Gorman, B. (1989). A cross-validation and factor analysis of a measure of irrational beliefs (p. 29). Oxford, England: Present at World Congress of Cognitive Therapy.
Dupuy, H. J. (1984). The Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB) Index. In N. K. Wenger, M. E. Mattson, C. D. Furberg, & J. Elinson (Eds.), Assessment of quality of life in clinical trials of cardiovascular therapies (p.170–183). New York: Lejacq Publishing Company.
Ellis, A. (1962). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. Secaucus, NJ: Lyle Stuart.
Ellis, A. (1976). The biological basis of human irrationality. Journal of Individual Psychology,32(2), 145–168. PubMed
Ellis, A. (1977). Basic clinical theory of rational-emotive therapy. In A. Ellis & R. Grieger (Eds.), Handbook of’ rational-emotive therapy (pp. 3–34). New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Ellis, A. (1994). Reason and emotional in psychotherapy: A comprehensive method of treating human disturbance. Revised and updated. New York: Birch Lane Press.
Fournier, J. (2015). Assessment of personality pathology. In A. Beck, D. Davis, & A. Freeman (Eds.), Cognitive therapy for personality disorders (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford.
Fülöp, I. (2007). A confirmatory factor analysis of the attitudes and belief scale 2. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,7(2), 159–170.
Goldberg, D. P. (1972). The detection of psychiatric illness by questionnaire: A technique for the identification and assessment of non-psychotic psychiatric illness. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Hunsley, J., & Mash, E. J. (2007). Evidence-based assessment. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology,3, 446–554. CrossRef
Hyland, P., Fox, R., Treacy, G., Maguire, P., Boduszek, D., & Vallières, F. (2016). Assessing the factorial validity of the attitudes and belief scale 2-abbreviated version: A call for the development a gold standard method of measuring rational and irrational beliefs. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. doi: 10.1007/s10942-016-0243-1.
Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., Adamson, G., & Boduszek, D. (2014). Modeling the structure of the Attitudes and Belief Scale 2 using CFA and bifactor approaches: Toward the development of an abbreviated version. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy,43(1), 60–71. doi: 10.1080/16506073.2013.777467. CrossRefPubMed
Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking fast and slow. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Macavei, B. (2002). Scala de Atitudini si Convingeri II (ABS II): Date preliminare pentru populatia de limba Româna. Romanian Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,2, 105–122.
Macavei, B. (2005). The role of irrational beliefs in the rational emotive behavior theory of depression. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,5(1), 73–81.
Macavei, B. (2006). Dysfunctional attitudes scale, form A: Norms for the Romanian population. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,6(2), 157–171.
Macavei, B., & Miclea, M. (2008). An empirical investigation of the relationship between religious beliefs, irrational beliefs, and negative emotions. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,8(1), 1–16.
Millon, T. (1987). Manual for the MCMI-II (2nd ed.). Minneapolis, MN: National Computer Systems.
Moldovan, R., & David, D. (2014). One session treatment of cognitive and behavioral therapy and virtual reality for social and specific phobias. Preliminary results from a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies,14(1), 67–83.
Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Opris, D., & Macavei, B. (2007). The profile of emotional distress; norms for the Romanian population. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,7(2), 139–158.
Podina, I., Jucan, A., & David, D. (2015). Self-compassion: A buffer in the pathway from maladaptive beliefs to depression. An exploratory study. Journal of Evidence-Based Psychotherapies,15(1), 97–109.
Robin, M. W., DiGiuseppe, R., & Spires, R. (1990). Ethnic differences in endorsement of rational/irrational beliefs. Presented as part of a panel on New Developments in Rational-Emotive Assessment Techniques, Paper Presented at the World Congress on Mental Health Counseling, Keystone, Colorado, June 15.
Ruggiero, G. M., Ammendola, E., Caselli, G., & Sassaroli, S. (2013). REBT in Italy: Dissemination and integration with constructivism and metacognition. Paper presented as part of the Symposium at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Honolulu, HI.
Sava, F. A. (2009). Maladaptive schemas, irrational beliefs, and their relationship with the five-factor personality model. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,9(2), 135–147.
Schwartz, R. M. (1986). The internal dialogue: On the asymmetry between positive and negative coping thoughts. Cognitive Therapy and Research,10(6), 591–605. CrossRef
Schwartz, R. M., & Garamoni, G. L. (1989). Cognitive balance and psychopathology: Evaluation of an information processing model of positive and negative states of mind. Clinical Psychology Review,9, 271–294. CrossRef
Spielberger, C. D. (1979). State-trait anger expression inventory revised research edition. Menlo Park, CA: Mind Garden Originally published by Consulting Psychologist Press.
Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., & Lushene, R. (1970). State-trait anxiety inventory. Menlo Park, CA: Mind Garden Originally published by Consulting Psychologist Press.
Statistics Solutions (2016). Comapring Corrlation Coefficents. Accessed from http: http://www.statisticssolutions.com/compaing-correlations-coefficients.
Stefan, S., & David, D. (2013). Face-to-face counseling versus high definition holographic projection system. Efficacy and therapeutic alliance. A brief research report. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies,13(2), 299–307.
Steiger, J. H. (1980). Tests for comparing elements of a correlation matrix. Psychological Bulletin,87(2), 245–251. CrossRef
Szentagotai, A., David, D., Lupu, V., & Cosman, D. (2008). Rational emotive behavior therapy versus cognitive therapy versus pharmacotherapy in the treatment of major depressive disorder: Mechanisms of change analysis. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training,45(4), 523–538. CrossRef
Young, J. E., Klosko, J. S., & Weishaar, M. (2003). Schema therapy: A practitioner’s guide. New York: Guilford Publications.
- The Development of a Measure of Irrational/Rational Beliefs
Mitchell W. Robin
- Springer US
- Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
Print ISSN: 0894-9085
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6563