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20-09-2016 | Original Paper | Uitgave 1/2017

Journal of Child and Family Studies 1/2017

The Contribution of Temperamental and Cognitive Factors to Childhood Anxiety Disorder Symptoms: A Closer Look at Negative Affect, Behavioral Inhibition, and Anxiety Sensitivity

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 1/2017
Auteurs:
Andres G. Viana, Elizabeth J. Kiel, Candice A. Alfano, Laura J. Dixon, Cara A. Palmer
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Funding

This study was funded by an intramural grant from the University of Mississippi Medical Center (PI: Viana).

Abstract

This study examined the role of anxiety sensitivity as an explanatory variable in the link between two temperamental dimensions (i.e., behavioral inhibition and negative affect) and anxiety disorder symptom severity in a sample of children with anxiety disorders. Forty-four children (52 % African American) between 8 and 12 years of age and their mothers participated in this study. An assessment battery consisting of diagnostic interviews, questionnaires, and behavioral assessment of behavioral inhibition was administered. Findings revealed that anxiety sensitivity was a significant explanatory variable linking child self-reports of behavioral inhibition and negative affect to anxiety disorder symptom severity. For parent-completed measures, only direct effects of behavioral inhibition on anxiety disorder symptom severity were found. The clinical implications of our findings, including the importance and feasibility of anxiety sensitivity and behavioral inhibition assessments as part of routine clinical care of children with anxiety disorders are discussed, along with the limitations of our study.

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