Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Assessment and diagnosis of adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is complex, involving multiple tasks and several sources of information. The suitability of the instruments needs to be tested in the cultural context in which they will be applied. This study validates the Catalan adaptation of the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales-Long Version (CAARS: L), in both its self-report and observer forms. The sample comprised 606 participants. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the dimensional structure. Reliability was analysed in terms of internal consistency, test-retest and informant agreement. Age and gender differences were studied, and differential item functioning (DIF) in relation to these variables was tested. Results show that the four-factor model (i.e., Inattention/Memory Problems, Hyperactivity/Restlessness, Impulsivity/Emotional Lability, and Problems with Self-Concept), similar to the original version, presented an adequate fit for both forms. Internal consistency and test-retest correlations reached very high values for the two forms, and informant agreement was high at both test and retest. There were significant gender and age differences that were not due to bias in the measurement instrument, since no item showed differential behaviour with respect to these two variables. The Catalan versions of the CAARS: L present adequate validity and reliability, and they can therefore be used for diagnostic purposes and cross-cultural comparisons.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Alexander, L., & Liljequist, L. (2013). Determining the accuracy of self-report versus informant-report using the conners’ adult ADHD rating scale. Journal of Attention Disorder. doi: 10.1177/1087054713478652.
Altman, D. G. (1991). Practical statistics for medical research. New York: Chapman.
American Psychiatric Association, APA (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed., ). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.
Barkley, R. A., Murphy, K. R., & Fischer, M. (2008). ADHD in adults. What the science says. New York: Guilford Press.
Christiansen, H., Hirsch, O., Philipsen, A., Oades, R. D., Matthies, S., Hebebrand, J., et al. (2013). German validation of the conners adult ADHD rating scale-self-report: confirmation of factor structure in a large sample of participants with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorder, 17(8), 690–698. doi: 10.1177/1087054711435680. CrossRef
Christiansen, H., Kis, B., Hirsch, O., Matthies, S., Hebebrand, J., Uekermann, J., et al. (2012). German validation of the conners adult ADHD rating scales (CAARS) II: reliability, validity, diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. European Psychiatry, 27(5), 321–328. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2010.12.010. CrossRefPubMed
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Conners, C. K., Erhardt, D., & Sparrow, E. (1999a). CAARS. Adult ADHD Rating Scales. Technical Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health System.
Gómez-Benito, J., Hidalgo, M. D., & Zumbo, B. D. (2013). Effectiveness of combining statistical tests and effect sizes when using logistic discrimination function regression to detect differential item functioning for polytomous items. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 73(5), 875–897. doi: 10.1177/0013164413492419. CrossRef
Haertel, E. H. (2006). Reliability. In R. L. Brennan (Ed.), Educational measurement (pp. 65–110). Wesport: American Council on Education and Praeger Publishers.
Jöreskog, K., & Sörbom, D. (2006a). LISREL 8.8 for windows [computer software]. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc..
Jöreskog, K., & Sörbom, D. (2006b). PRELIS 2.8 for windows [computer software]. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc..
Kaplan, D. (2000). Structural equation modelling: foundations and extensions. Madison: Sage Publications.
Katz, N., Petscher, Y., & Welles, T. (2009). Diagnosing attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in college students: an investigation of the impact of informant ratings on diagnosis and subjective impairment. Journal of Attention Disorders, 13, 277–283. doi: 10.1177/1087054708326112. CrossRefPubMed
Kessler, R. C., Adler, L., Barkley, R. A., Biederman, J., Conners, C. K., Demler, O., et al. (2006). The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the national comorbidity survey replication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 716–723. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.163.4.716. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Kooij, J. J. S., Boonstra, A. M., Swinkels, S. H. N., Bekker, E. M., de Noor, I., & Buitelaar, J. K. (2008). Reliability, validity, and utility of instruments for self-report and informant-report concerning symptoms of ADHD in adults patients. Journal of Attention Disorders, 11(4), 445–458. doi: 10.1177/1087054707299367. CrossRef
Mitchell, J. T., Robertson, C. D., Anastopolous, A. D., Nelson-Gray, R. O., & Kollins, S. H. (2012). Emotion dysregulation and emotional impulsivity among adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: results of a preliminary study. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34, 510–519. doi: 10.1007/s10862-012-9297-2. CrossRef
Murphy, K. R., & Adler, L. A. (2004). Assessing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adults: focus on rating scales. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 65(Suppl 3), 12–17. PubMed
Polanczyk, G. V., Willcutt, E. G., Salum, G. A., Kieling, C., & Rohde, L. A. (2014). ADHD prevalence estimates across three decades: an updated systematic review and meta-regression analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 434–442. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyt261.
Wolf, L., & Wasserstein, J. (2001). Adult ADHD: concluding thoughts. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 93, 396–408.
- The Conner’s Adult ADHD Rating Scales-Long Self-Report and Observer Forms: Validation of the Catalan Version
Juan Antonio Amador-Campos
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505