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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2018

24-03-2018 | Original Paper

The Broader Autism Phenotype and Visual Perception in Children

Auteurs: Antoinette Sabatino DiCriscio, Vanessa Troiani

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2018

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Abstract

Atypical visual perception has increasingly been described in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and linked to quantitative, autism-like features that are present in children and adults without ASD. We investigated whether individual differences in visual processing skills were related to quantitative measures of autism traits in a pediatric sample with a range of clinical features. Visual processing was comprehensively characterized using the test of visual perceptual skills (TVPS), a standardized test of visual perception with seven subtests that capture a range of visual processing abilities. The TVPS Figure Ground (TVPS-FG) subtest requires an individual to disembed a smaller figure from a larger scene. TVPS-FG subtest scores were positively correlated with children’s autism features as measured by a parental report of the Broader Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAP-Q). The correlation with BAP-Q was specific to the TVPS-FG subtest, as the other TVPS subtest scores were not significantly related to the BAP-Q. This adds to the growing body of research documenting that atypical visual processing is associated with the autism phenotype and highlights the importance of capturing quantitative traits in heterogeneous developmental brain disorders.

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Metagegevens
Titel
The Broader Autism Phenotype and Visual Perception in Children
Auteurs
Antoinette Sabatino DiCriscio
Vanessa Troiani
Publicatiedatum
24-03-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3534-9