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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 5/2021

23-04-2021

The bidirectional relationship between sense of purpose in life and physical activity: a longitudinal study

Auteurs: Ayse Yemiscigil, Ivo Vlaev

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 5/2021

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Abstract

People with a greater sense of purpose in life may be more likely to engage in physical activity. At the same time, physical activity can contribute to a sense of purpose in life. The present research tests these hypotheses using a cross-lagged panel model in a nationally representative, longitudinal panel of American adults (N = 14,159, Mage = 68). An increase in sense of purpose in life was associated with higher physical activity four years later, above and beyond past activity levels. Physical activity was positively associated with future levels of sense of purpose in life, controlling for prior levels of purpose in life. Results held in a second national panel from the US with a nine-year follow-up (N = 4,041, Mage = 56). The findings demonstrate a bidirectional relationship between sense of purpose in life and physical activity in large samples of middle-aged and older adults tracked over time.
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Voetnoten
1
Only one study, in which older women with pain were over-sampled, did not find a significant correlation between purpose in life and physical activity (Salt et al., 2017).
 
2
We did not rely on traditional chi2 statistics (χ2) since these are most often uninformative when the sample size is large as they easily lead to the rejection of the null hypothesis (Kelloway, 1995).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
The bidirectional relationship between sense of purpose in life and physical activity: a longitudinal study
Auteurs
Ayse Yemiscigil
Ivo Vlaev
Publicatiedatum
23-04-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 5/2021
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-021-00220-2