Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2016

06-06-2016 | Original Paper

The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 Among a School Sample of Portuguese Male and Female Adolescents

Auteurs: Pedro Pechorro, Lara Ayala-Nunes, James V. Ray, Cristina Nunes, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Few personality traits are as socially relevant as impulsivity, but few self-report measures have been specifically developed for adolescents and children. The aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale version 11 (BIS-11) among a mixed-gender sample of 782 Portuguese youth (M = 15.87 years; SD = 1.72), in a school context. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed the expected 6-factor first-order structure, but the 3-factor second-order factorial structure did not present a good fit. Cross-gender measurement invariance was demonstrated only in terms of weak invariance. Nonetheless, the Portuguese adaptation of the BIS-11 demonstrated some generally acceptable psychometric properties of internal consistency, mean inter-item correlation, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and criterion-related validity of statistically significant associations with conduct disorder symptoms, alcohol abuse, drug use, and unprotected sex. The use of the BIS-11 among the male and female youth population is psychometrically justified, and it can be a useful measure to identify impulsive adolescents who are at considerable risk of personal injury and present a potential source of injury to others.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
go back to reference Andershed, H., Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Levander, S. (2002). Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: Initial test of a new assessment tool. In E. Blaauw & L. Sheridan (Eds.), Psychopaths: Current international perspectives (pp. 131–158). Haag, Netherlands: Elsevier. Andershed, H., Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Levander, S. (2002). Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: Initial test of a new assessment tool. In E. Blaauw & L. Sheridan (Eds.), Psychopaths: Current international perspectives (pp. 131–158). Haag, Netherlands: Elsevier.
go back to reference Barratt, E., & Patton, J. (1983). Impulsivity: Cognitive, behavioral, and psychophysiological correlates. In M. Zuckerman (Ed.), Biological bases of sensation-seeking, impulsivity, and anxiety (pp. 77–121). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Barratt, E., & Patton, J. (1983). Impulsivity: Cognitive, behavioral, and psychophysiological correlates. In M. Zuckerman (Ed.), Biological bases of sensation-seeking, impulsivity, and anxiety (pp. 77–121). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Bentler, P., & Wu, E. (2008). EQS for windows user’s guide. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software Inc. Bentler, P., & Wu, E. (2008). EQS for windows user’s guide. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software Inc.
go back to reference Binelli, C., Muñiz, A., Sanches, S., Ortiz, A., Navines, R., Egmond, E., & Subirà, S. (2015). New evidence of heterogeneity in social anxiety disorder: Defining two qualitatively different personality profiles taking into account clinical, environmental and genetic factors. European Psychiatry, 30, 160–165. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​eurpsy.​2014.​09.​418. CrossRefPubMed Binelli, C., Muñiz, A., Sanches, S., Ortiz, A., Navines, R., Egmond, E., & Subirà, S. (2015). New evidence of heterogeneity in social anxiety disorder: Defining two qualitatively different personality profiles taking into account clinical, environmental and genetic factors. European Psychiatry, 30, 160–165. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​eurpsy.​2014.​09.​418. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Byrne, B. (2006). Structural equation modeling with EQS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Byrne, B. (2006). Structural equation modeling with EQS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Chahin, N., Cosi, S., Lorenzo-Seva, U., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2010). Stability of the factor structure of Barrat’s Impulsivity Scales for children across cultures: A comparison of Spain and Colombia. Psicothema, 22, 983–989. PubMed Chahin, N., Cosi, S., Lorenzo-Seva, U., & Vigil-Colet, A. (2010). Stability of the factor structure of Barrat’s Impulsivity Scales for children across cultures: A comparison of Spain and Colombia. Psicothema, 22, 983–989. PubMed
go back to reference Derefinko, K. J., Peters, J. R., Eisenlohr-Moul, T. A., Walsh, E. C., Adams, Z. W., & Lynam, D. R. (2014). Relations between trait impulsivity, behavioral impulsivity, physiological arousal, and risky sexual behavior among young men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43, 1149–1158. doi: 10.​1007/​s10508-014-0327-x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Derefinko, K. J., Peters, J. R., Eisenlohr-Moul, T. A., Walsh, E. C., Adams, Z. W., & Lynam, D. R. (2014). Relations between trait impulsivity, behavioral impulsivity, physiological arousal, and risky sexual behavior among young men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43, 1149–1158. doi: 10.​1007/​s10508-014-0327-x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Fink, A., & McCown, W. (1993). Impulsivity in children and adolescents: Measurement, causes and treatment. In W. G. McCown, J. L. Johnson, & M. B. Shure (Eds.), The impulsive client, theory, research and treatment (pp. 279–308). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Fink, A., & McCown, W. (1993). Impulsivity in children and adolescents: Measurement, causes and treatment. In W. G. McCown, J. L. Johnson, & M. B. Shure (Eds.), The impulsive client, theory, research and treatment (pp. 279–308). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
go back to reference Fossati, A., Di Ceglie, A., Acquarini, E., & Barratt, E. (2001). Psychometric properties of an Italian version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11) in nonclinical subjects. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57, 815–828. doi: 10.​1002/​jclp.​1051. CrossRefPubMed Fossati, A., Di Ceglie, A., Acquarini, E., & Barratt, E. (2001). Psychometric properties of an Italian version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11) in nonclinical subjects. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57, 815–828. doi: 10.​1002/​jclp.​1051. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Frick, P., & Hare, R. (2001). The antisocial process screening device (APSD): Technical manual. Toronto, ON: Multi-Health Systems. Frick, P., & Hare, R. (2001). The antisocial process screening device (APSD): Technical manual. Toronto, ON: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Gentile, B., Miller, J., Hoffman, B., Reidy, D., Zeichner, A., & Campbell, W. (2013). A test of two brief measures of grandiose narcissism: The narcissistic personality inventory-13 and the narcissistic personality inventory-16. Psychological Assessment, 25, 1120–1136. doi: 10.​1037/​a0033192. CrossRefPubMed Gentile, B., Miller, J., Hoffman, B., Reidy, D., Zeichner, A., & Campbell, W. (2013). A test of two brief measures of grandiose narcissism: The narcissistic personality inventory-13 and the narcissistic personality inventory-16. Psychological Assessment, 25, 1120–1136. doi: 10.​1037/​a0033192. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hare, R. (1991). The hare psychopathy checklist-revised: Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems. Hare, R. (1991). The hare psychopathy checklist-revised: Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Hare, R. (2003). Hare psychopathy checklist-revised (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems. Hare, R. (2003). Hare psychopathy checklist-revised (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Ireland, J. L., & Archer, J. (2008). Impulsivity among adult prisoners: A confirmatory factor analysis study of the Barratt Impulsivity Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 286–292. CrossRef Ireland, J. L., & Archer, J. (2008). Impulsivity among adult prisoners: A confirmatory factor analysis study of the Barratt Impulsivity Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 286–292. CrossRef
go back to reference Jensen, P., Youngstrom, E., Steiner, H., Findling, R., Meyer, R., Malone, R., & Vitello, B. (2007). Consensus report on impulsive aggression as a symptom across diagnostic categories in child psychiatry: Implications for medication studies. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescents Psychiatry, 46, 309–321. doi: 10.​1097/​chi.​0b013e31802f1454​. CrossRef Jensen, P., Youngstrom, E., Steiner, H., Findling, R., Meyer, R., Malone, R., & Vitello, B. (2007). Consensus report on impulsive aggression as a symptom across diagnostic categories in child psychiatry: Implications for medication studies. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescents Psychiatry, 46, 309–321. doi: 10.​1097/​chi.​0b013e31802f1454​. CrossRef
go back to reference Kaplan, R., & Saccuzzo, D. (2013). Psychological testing: Principles, applications, and issues (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. Kaplan, R., & Saccuzzo, D. (2013). Psychological testing: Principles, applications, and issues (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
go back to reference Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Skeem, J. L., Marsee, M. A., Cruise, K., Munoz, L. C., & Morris, A. S. (2008). Assessing callous–unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: Validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 31, 241–252. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​ijlp.​2008.​04.​002. CrossRefPubMed Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Skeem, J. L., Marsee, M. A., Cruise, K., Munoz, L. C., & Morris, A. S. (2008). Assessing callous–unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: Validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 31, 241–252. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​ijlp.​2008.​04.​002. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference López-Romero, L., Romero, E., & Andershed, H. (2015). Conduct problems in childhood and adolescence: Developmental trajectories, predictors and outcomes in a six-year follow up. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 46, 762–773. doi: 10.​1007/​s10578-014-0518-7. CrossRefPubMed López-Romero, L., Romero, E., & Andershed, H. (2015). Conduct problems in childhood and adolescence: Developmental trajectories, predictors and outcomes in a six-year follow up. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 46, 762–773. doi: 10.​1007/​s10578-014-0518-7. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Marôco, J. (2014). Análise de Equações Estruturais: Fundamentos teóricos, software & aplicações [Structural equations analysis: Theoretical foundations, software and applications]. Pero Pinheiro: ReportNumber Ltd. Marôco, J. (2014). Análise de Equações Estruturais: Fundamentos teóricos, software & aplicações [Structural equations analysis: Theoretical foundations, software and applications]. Pero Pinheiro: ReportNumber Ltd.
go back to reference Meyers, L., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A. (2013). Performing data analysis using IBM SPSS. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Meyers, L., Gamst, G., & Guarino, A. (2013). Performing data analysis using IBM SPSS. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
go back to reference Milfont, T., & Fischer, R. (2010). Testing measurement invariance across groups: Applications in cross-cultural research. International Journal of Psychological Research, 3(1), 111–121. Milfont, T., & Fischer, R. (2010). Testing measurement invariance across groups: Applications in cross-cultural research. International Journal of Psychological Research, 3(1), 111–121.
go back to reference Millsap, R., & Olivera-Aguilar, M. (2012). Investigating measurement invariance using confirmatory factor analysis. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Handbook of structural equation modeling (pp. 380–392). New York: The Guilford Press. Millsap, R., & Olivera-Aguilar, M. (2012). Investigating measurement invariance using confirmatory factor analysis. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Handbook of structural equation modeling (pp. 380–392). New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Nunnally, J., & Bernstein, I. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Nunnally, J., & Bernstein, I. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
go back to reference Pechorro, P., Andershed, H., Ray, J., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2015a). Validation of the youth psychopathic traits inventory and youth psychopathic traits inventory: short among incarcerated juvenile delinquents. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 37, 576–586. doi: 10.​1007/​s10862-015-9490-1. CrossRef Pechorro, P., Andershed, H., Ray, J., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2015a). Validation of the youth psychopathic traits inventory and youth psychopathic traits inventory: short among incarcerated juvenile delinquents. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 37, 576–586. doi: 10.​1007/​s10862-015-9490-1. CrossRef
go back to reference Pechorro, P., Ayala-Nunes, L., Nunes, C., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2016a). The social anxiety scale for adolescents: Measurement invariance and psychometric properties among a school sample of Portuguese youths. Child Psychiatry and Human Development,. doi: 10.​1007/​s10578-016-0627-6. PubMed Pechorro, P., Ayala-Nunes, L., Nunes, C., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2016a). The social anxiety scale for adolescents: Measurement invariance and psychometric properties among a school sample of Portuguese youths. Child Psychiatry and Human Development,. doi: 10.​1007/​s10578-016-0627-6. PubMed
go back to reference Pechorro, P., Hidalgo, V., Nunes, C., & Jiménez, L. (2015b). Confirmatory factor analysis of the antisocial process screening device: Self-report among incarcerated male juvenile offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. doi: 10.​1177/​0306624X15588903​. Pechorro, P., Hidalgo, V., Nunes, C., & Jiménez, L. (2015b). Confirmatory factor analysis of the antisocial process screening device: Self-report among incarcerated male juvenile offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. doi: 10.​1177/​0306624X15588903​.
go back to reference Pechorro, P., Maroco, J., Poiares, C., & Vieira, R. (2013). Validation of the Portuguese version of the Antisocial Process Screening Device—Self-report (APSD-SR) with a focus on delinquent behavior and behavior problems. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 57(1), 112–126. doi: 10.​1177/​0306624X11427174​. CrossRefPubMed Pechorro, P., Maroco, J., Poiares, C., & Vieira, R. (2013). Validation of the Portuguese version of the Antisocial Process Screening Device—Self-report (APSD-SR) with a focus on delinquent behavior and behavior problems. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 57(1), 112–126. doi: 10.​1177/​0306624X11427174​. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pechorro, P., Ray, J., Barroso, R., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2016c). Validation of the inventory of callous-unemotional traits among a Portuguese sample of detained juvenile offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 60, 349–365. doi: 10.​1177/​0306624X14551256​. CrossRefPubMed Pechorro, P., Ray, J., Barroso, R., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2016c). Validation of the inventory of callous-unemotional traits among a Portuguese sample of detained juvenile offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 60, 349–365. doi: 10.​1177/​0306624X14551256​. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Pechorro, P., Ray, J., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2015c). Psychometric properties of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) among a Portuguese sample of juvenile offenders. Psychology, Crime & Law,. doi: 10.​1080/​1068316X.​2015.​1054386. Pechorro, P., Ray, J., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2015c). Psychometric properties of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) among a Portuguese sample of juvenile offenders. Psychology, Crime & Law,. doi: 10.​1080/​1068316X.​2015.​1054386.
go back to reference Pechorro, P., Ray, J., Raine, A., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2015d). The Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire: Validation among a Portuguese sample of incarcerated juvenile delinquents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence,. doi: 10.​1177/​0886260515590784​. PubMed Pechorro, P., Ray, J., Raine, A., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2015d). The Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire: Validation among a Portuguese sample of incarcerated juvenile delinquents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence,. doi: 10.​1177/​0886260515590784​. PubMed
go back to reference Pechorro, P., Silva, I., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2014). Propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Ansiedade Social para Adolescentes em jovens institucionalizados [Psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents among institutionalized youths]. Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças, 15, 586–596. doi: 10.​15309/​14psd150303. Pechorro, P., Silva, I., Maroco, J., & Gonçalves, R. (2014). Propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Ansiedade Social para Adolescentes em jovens institucionalizados [Psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents among institutionalized youths]. Psicologia, Saúde & Doenças, 15, 586–596. doi: 10.​15309/​14psd150303.
go back to reference Raine, A., Dodge, K., Loeber, R., Gatzke-Kopp, L., Lynam, D., Reynolds, C., & Liu, J. (2006). The Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire: Differential correlates of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent boys. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 159–171. doi: 10.​1002/​ab.​20115. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Raine, A., Dodge, K., Loeber, R., Gatzke-Kopp, L., Lynam, D., Reynolds, C., & Liu, J. (2006). The Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire: Differential correlates of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent boys. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 159–171. doi: 10.​1002/​ab.​20115. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Salvo, L., & Castro, A. (2013). Confiabilidad y validez de la escala de impulsividad de Barratt (BIS-11) en adolescents [Reliability and validity of Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) in adolescents]. Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatría, 51, 245–254. doi: 10.​4067/​S0717-9227201300040000​3. CrossRef Salvo, L., & Castro, A. (2013). Confiabilidad y validez de la escala de impulsividad de Barratt (BIS-11) en adolescents [Reliability and validity of Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) in adolescents]. Revista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatría, 51, 245–254. doi: 10.​4067/​S0717-9227201300040000​3. CrossRef
go back to reference Stanford, M., Greve, K., Boudreaux, J., Mathias, C., & Brumbelow, J. (1996). Impulsiveness and risk-taking behavior: Comparison of high-school and college students using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 1073–1075. doi: 10.​1016/​S0191-8869(96)00151-1. CrossRef Stanford, M., Greve, K., Boudreaux, J., Mathias, C., & Brumbelow, J. (1996). Impulsiveness and risk-taking behavior: Comparison of high-school and college students using the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 21, 1073–1075. doi: 10.​1016/​S0191-8869(96)00151-1. CrossRef
go back to reference Steinberg, L., Albert, D., Cauffman, E., Banich, M., Graham, S., & Woolard, J. (2008). Age differences in sensation seeking and impulsivity as indexed by behavior and self-report: Evidence for a dual systems model. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1764–1778. doi: 10.​1037/​a0012955. CrossRefPubMed Steinberg, L., Albert, D., Cauffman, E., Banich, M., Graham, S., & Woolard, J. (2008). Age differences in sensation seeking and impulsivity as indexed by behavior and self-report: Evidence for a dual systems model. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1764–1778. doi: 10.​1037/​a0012955. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Summerfeldt, L., Hood, K., Antony, M., Richter, M., & Swinson, R. (2004). Impulsivity in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Comparisons with other anxiety disorders and within tic-related subgroups. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 539–553. doi: 10.​1016/​S0191-8869(03)00113-2. CrossRef Summerfeldt, L., Hood, K., Antony, M., Richter, M., & Swinson, R. (2004). Impulsivity in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Comparisons with other anxiety disorders and within tic-related subgroups. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 539–553. doi: 10.​1016/​S0191-8869(03)00113-2. CrossRef
go back to reference Vasconcelos, A., Malloy-Diniz, L., & Correa, H. (2012). Systematic review of psychometric properties of Barratt Impulsiveness Scale version 11 (BIS-11). Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 9, 61–74. Vasconcelos, A., Malloy-Diniz, L., & Correa, H. (2012). Systematic review of psychometric properties of Barratt Impulsiveness Scale version 11 (BIS-11). Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 9, 61–74.
go back to reference von Diemen, L., Szobot, C., Kessler, F., & Pechansky, F. (2007). Adaptation and construct validation of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) to Brazilian Portuguese for use in adolescents. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 29, 153–156. doi: 10.​1590/​S1516-4446200600500002​0. CrossRef von Diemen, L., Szobot, C., Kessler, F., & Pechansky, F. (2007). Adaptation and construct validation of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) to Brazilian Portuguese for use in adolescents. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 29, 153–156. doi: 10.​1590/​S1516-4446200600500002​0. CrossRef
go back to reference West, S., Taylor, A., & Wu, W. (2012). Model fit and model selection in structural equation modeling. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Handbook of structural equation modeling (pp. 209–231). New York, NY: The Guilford Press. West, S., Taylor, A., & Wu, W. (2012). Model fit and model selection in structural equation modeling. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Handbook of structural equation modeling (pp. 209–231). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Yao, S., Yang, H., Zhu, X., Auerbach, R., Abela, J., Pulleyblank, R., & Tong, X. (2007). An examination of the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, 11th version in a sample of Chinese adolescents. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 104, 1169–1182. doi: 10.​2466/​PMS.​104.​3.​1169-1182. PubMed Yao, S., Yang, H., Zhu, X., Auerbach, R., Abela, J., Pulleyblank, R., & Tong, X. (2007). An examination of the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, 11th version in a sample of Chinese adolescents. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 104, 1169–1182. doi: 10.​2466/​PMS.​104.​3.​1169-1182. PubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 Among a School Sample of Portuguese Male and Female Adolescents
Auteurs
Pedro Pechorro
Lara Ayala-Nunes
James V. Ray
Cristina Nunes
Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves
Publicatiedatum
06-06-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2016
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0453-2

Andere artikelen Uitgave 9/2016

Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2016 Naar de uitgave