Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Perception of the second of two targets (T1, T2) displayed in rapid sequence is impaired if it comes shortly after the first (attentional blink, AB). In an exception, known as Lag-1 sparing, T2 is virtually unimpaired if it is presented directly after T1. Three experiments examined the seemingly inconsistent findings that Lag-1 sparing occurs in accuracy but Lag-1 deficit occurs in RT. Experiment 1 pointed to masking of T2 as the critical factor. When T2 was not masked, the results replicated the conventional findings. The novel finding was that Lag-1 sparing occurred in RT, provided that T2 was masked. An account was provided by a psychological refractory period-based model in which processing was said to occur in two broadly sequential stages: stimulus selection and response planning. Experiments 2 and 3 tested predictions from the PRP-based model regarding Lag-1 sparing/Lag-1 deficit. In Experiment 2, we increased T2 salience, notionally reducing the duration of the T2 selection stage, with corresponding reduction in Lag-1 sparing. In Experiment 3, we manipulated the compatibility between the T1 stimulus and the response to notionally decrease/increase the duration of the T1 response-planning stage with corresponding increment/decrement in Lag-1 sparing. The results of both experiments confirmed predictions from the PRP-based model.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Akyürek, E. G., Eshuis, S. A., Nieuwenstein, M. R., Saija, J. D., Başkent, D., & Hommel, B. (2012). Temporal target integration underlies performance at lag 1 in the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38(6), 1448–1464. PubMed
Broadbent, D. E., & Broadbent, M. H. (1987). From detection to identification: Response to multiple targets in rapid serial visual presentation. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 42, 105–113. CrossRef
Chun, M. M., & Potter, M. C. (1995). A two-stage model for multiple target detection in rapid serial visual presentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21, 109–127. PubMed
Dell’Acqua, R., Pierre, J., Pascali, A., & Pluchino, P. (2007). Short-term consolidation of individual identities leads to Lag-1 sparing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 33(3), 593–609. PubMed
Eriksen, C. W., & Eriksen, B. A. (1979). Target redundancy in visual search: Do repetitions of the target within the display impair processing? Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 26, 195–205. CrossRef
Ghorashi, S., Enns, J. T., Spalek, T. M., & Di Lollo, V. (2009). Spatial cuing does not affect the magnitude of the attentional blink. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 989–993. CrossRef
Ghorashi, S. M. S., Smilek, D., & Di Lollo, V. (2007). Visual search is postponed during the attentional blink until the system is suitably reconfigured. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 33, 124–136. PubMed
Giesbrecht, B., & Di Lollo, V. (1998). Beyond the attentional blink: Visual masking by object substitution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24, 1454–1466. PubMed
Hommel, B., & Akyürek, E. G. (2005). Lag-1 sparing in the attentional blink: Benefits and costs of integrating two events into a single episode. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 58(8), 1415–1433. CrossRef
Jolicœur, P. (1999). Concurrent response-selection demands modulate the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 25, 1097–1113.
Kawahara, J. I., Di Lollo, V., & Enns, J. T. (2001). Attentional requirements in visual detection and identification: Evidence from the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27, 969–984. PubMed
Kawahara, J. I., Zuvic, S. M., Enns, J. T., & Di Lollo, V. (2003). Task switching mediates the attentional blink even without backward masking. Perception & Psychophysics, 65, 339–351. CrossRef
Lagroix, H., Di Lollo, V., & Spalek, T. (2016). Lag-1 sparing in accuracy and reaction time: The importance of masking. Journal of Vision, 16, 595. CrossRef
Lagroix, H. E. P., Patten, J. W., Di Lollo, V., & Spalek, T. M. (2016). Perception of temporal order during the attentional blink: Using stimulus salience to modulate prior entry. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 78, 1064–1073. CrossRef
Lappin, J. S. (1978). The relativity of choice behavior and the effect of prior knowledge on the speed and accuracy of recognition. In N. J. Castellan & F. Restle (Eds.), Cognitive theory (Vol. 3, pp. 139–168). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Nieuwenhuis, S., Gilzenrat, M. S., Holmes, B. D., & Cohen, J. D. (2005). The role of the locus coeruleus in mediating the attentional blink: a neurocomputational theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 134, 291–307. CrossRef
Potter, M. C., Chun, M. M., Banks, B. S., & Muckenhoupt, M. (1998). Two attentional deficits in serial target search: the visual attentional blink and an amodal task-switch deficit. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 24, 979–992. PubMed
Raymond, J. E., Shapiro, K. L., & Arnell, K. M. (1992). Temporary suppression of visual processing in an RSVP task: An attentional blink? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 18, 849–860. PubMed
Santee, J. L., & Egeth, H. E. (1982). Do reaction time and accuracy measure the same aspects of letter recognition? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 8, 489–501. PubMed
Smith, E., E., & Spoehr, K. T. (1974). The perception of printed English: A theoretical perspective. In B. H. Kantowitz (Ed.), Human information processing: Tutorials in perception and cognition. Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Spalek, T. M., Falcon, L. J., & Di Lollo, V. (2006). Attentional blink and attentional capture: Endogenous versus exogenous control over paying attention to two important events in close succession. Perception & Psychophysics, 68, 674–684. CrossRef
Telford, C. W. (1931). The refractory phase of voluntary and associative responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 14, 1. CrossRef
Visser, T. A., Bischof, W. F., & Di Lollo, V. (1999). Attentional switching in spatial and nonspatial domains: Evidence from the attentional blink. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 458–469. CrossRef
Wyble, B., Potter, M. C., Bowman, H., & Nieuwenstein, M. (2011). Attentional episodes in visual perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 140, 488–505. CrossRef
- The attentional blink: why does Lag-1 sparing occur when the dependent measure is accuracy, but Lag-1 deficit when it is RT?
Hayley E. P. Lagroix
Vincent Di Lollo
Thomas M. Spalek
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
An International Journal of Perception, Attention, Memory, and Action
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772