Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00063-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
We conducted a scoping review to determine the current state of knowledge and areas for advancements in research on the association of firearm laws with child and adolescent firearm-related outcomes. We queried Scopus, EMBASE, Pubmed, and CJ Abstracts for English language original empirical research articles on policies affecting child and adolescent firearm-related outcomes published between January 1, 1985 and July 1, 2018. Data were abstracted, and methodologic quality assessed. Twenty articles met inclusion criteria. Among the policies studied were child access prevention laws (12 studies) and minimum age restrictions for firearm purchase and possession (4 studies). Outside of child access prevention laws, which are associated with reductions in child and adolescent unintentional and firearm suicide deaths, there is, at best, equivocal evidence of policy effects. This area is understudied, particularly in regard to nonfatal firearm injuries, for which the lack of a national surveillance system hampers research efforts. Further rigorous firearm policy evaluations are needed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2016). Why the NIS should not be used to make state- level estimates. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). Retrieved November 11, 2018 from www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/db/nation/nis/nis_statelevelestimates.jsp
Briss, P. A., Zaza, S., Pappaioanou, M., Fielding, J., Wright-De Agüero, L., Truman, B. I., et al. (2000). Developing an evidence-based Guide to Community Preventive Services—Methods. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18(1S), 35–43.
Carter, P. M., Cook, L. J., May, M. L., Zonfrillo, M. R., Stanley, R. M., Chamberlain, J. M., et al. (2017). Individual and neighborhood characteristics of children seeking emergency department care for firearm injuries within the PECARN Network. Academic Emergency Medicine, 24, 803–813. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. (2018). Web- based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [online]. www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars
Corporation, R. A. N. D. (2018). The science of gun policy: A critical synthesis of research evidence on the effects of gun policies in the United States. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
DeSimone, J., Markowitz, S., & Xu, J. (2013). Child access prevention laws and nonfatal gun injuries. Southern Economic Journal, 80, 5–25. CrossRef
Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice. (2017). FBI releases 2016 NIBRS Crime statistics in report and CDE, promotes transition of agencies. Retrieved from https://ucr.fbi.gov/nibrs/2016/resource-pages/nibrs-2016_summary.pdf
Fowler, K. A., Dahlberg, L. L., Haileyesus, T., Gutierrez, C., & Bacon, S. (2017). Children firearm injuries in the United States. Pediatrics, 140, e20162486. CrossRef
Gius, M. (2015). The impact of minimum age and child access prevention laws on firearm-related youth suicides and unintentional deaths. The Social Science Journal, 52, 168–175. CrossRef
Hamilton, E. C., Miller, C. C., Cox, C. S., Lally, K. P., & Austin, M. T. (2017). Variability of child access prevention laws and pediatric firearm injuries. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 84, 613–619. CrossRef
Hepburn, L., Azrael, D., Miller, M., & Hemenway, D. (2006). The effect of child access prevention laws on unintentional child firearm fatalities, 1979-2000. The Journal of Trauma Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 61, 423–428. CrossRef
Lott, J. R., & Whitley, J. E. (2001). Safe storage gun laws: Accidental deaths, suicides, and crime. Journal of Law and Economics, 44, 659–689. CrossRef
Marvell, R. B. (2001). The impact of banning juvenile gun possession. Journal of Law and Economics, 44, 691–713. CrossRef
Ruddell, R., & Mays, G. L. (2004). Risky behavior, juveniles, guns, and unintentional firearms fatalities. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2, 342–358. CrossRef
Webster, D. W. (2018). A critical gap in gun violence data. Retrieved November 12, 2018 from https://americanhealth.jhu.edu/article/critical-gap-gun-violence-data
Zeoli, A. M., Malinski, R., & Turchan, B. (2016). Risks and targeted interventions: Firearms in intimate partner violence. Epidemiologic Reviews, 38, 125–139. PubMed
Zeoli, A. M., McCourt, A., Buggs, S., Frattaroli, S., Lilley, D., & Webster, D. W. (2018). Analysis of the strength of legal firearms restrictions for perpetrators of domestic violence and their associations with intimate partner homicide. American Journal of Epidemiology, 187, 2365–2371. CrossRefPubMed
- The association of firearm laws with firearm outcomes among children and adolescents: a scoping review
April M. Zeoli
For the FACTS Consortium
- Springer US