Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2014

01-06-2014

The Association between Callous-Unemotional Traits and Behavioral and Academic Adjustment in Children: Further Validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits

Auteurs: Enrica Ciucci, Andrea Baroncelli, Marta Franchi, Farrah Naz Golmaryami, Paul J. Frick

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 2/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have been associated with problems in behavioral adjustment in past research which has led to proposals to include them in diagnostic classification systems for child behavior problems. In the current study, the factor structure of a comprehensive measure of CU traits was tested in a sample of 540 Italian children in grades 6 and 8. Consistent with past factor analyses in other countries, CU traits could be described as having three subfactors (i.e., callousness, uncaring, unemotional) which load on an overarching general factor. Importantly, this factor structure was invariant across gender and grade. Consistent with past studies, CU traits were positively associated with school behavior problems, bullying, and reactive aggression and this was largely accounted for by the callousness and uncaring subscales. The current results advance past work in showing that these associations extend to cyberbullying and to bullying reported by both self-report and by peer nominations. Further, CU traits were also associated with lower levels of academic achievement, and this was also largely accounted for by the callousness and uncaring dimensions. Finally, although the unemotional subscale did not show consistent associations with problems in behavioral or academic adjustment, it did contribute independently to the prediction (negatively) of peer-reported prosocial behaviors.
Voetnoten
1
The primary reason for attempting the hierarchical factor structure was the failure of a number of items to show significant factor loadings when testing a bifactor model. However, the hierarchical factor model only resulted in adequate fit using modification indices. When modification indices were tried for the bifactor model, the resulting fit indices did not show a substantial increase in fit and a number of non-significant factor loadings remained.
 
2
In much of the past research testing the factor structure of the ICU, a bi-factor structure was supported as the best fitting model, rather than the hierarchical factor structure supported in the current sample. One possibility for this difference in findings is the methodology used in the current study which normalized item scores which we felt was justified because of the highly skewed distributions of some items. In support of this explanation for the somewhat discrepant results, when the factor analyses were repeated using non-normalized scores, the best fitting model was a bi-factor model (X 2 (df = 187) = 383.62; GFI = .94; AGFI = .92; RMSEA = .04; AIC = 517.62).
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed). Washington, D.C. Author. American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed). Washington, D.C. Author.
go back to reference Andershed, H., Gustafson, S. B., Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2002). The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behavior among non-referred adolescents. European Journal of Personality, 16, 383–402. doi: 10.​1002/​per.​455. CrossRef Andershed, H., Gustafson, S. B., Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2002). The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behavior among non-referred adolescents. European Journal of Personality, 16, 383–402. doi: 10.​1002/​per.​455. CrossRef
go back to reference Barker, C., Pistrang, N., & Elliott, R. (1994). Research methods in clinical and counseling psychology. Chichester: John Wiley. Barker, C., Pistrang, N., & Elliott, R. (1994). Research methods in clinical and counseling psychology. Chichester: John Wiley.
go back to reference Bentler, P. M. (1995). EQS structural equations program manual. Encino: Multivariate Software. Bentler, P. M. (1995). EQS structural equations program manual. Encino: Multivariate Software.
go back to reference Byrne, B. M. (1994). Structural equation modeling with EQS and EQS/Windows. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Byrne, B. M. (1994). Structural equation modeling with EQS and EQS/Windows. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
go back to reference Douglas, K., Vincent, G. M., & Edens, J. (2006). Risk for criminal recidivism: The role of psychopathy. In C. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 533–554). New York: Guilford Press. Douglas, K., Vincent, G. M., & Edens, J. (2006). Risk for criminal recidivism: The role of psychopathy. In C. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 533–554). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Fanti, K. A., Frick, P. J., & Georgiou, S. (2009). Linking callous-unemotional traits to instrumental and non-instrumental forms of aggression. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31(4), 285–298. doi: 10.​1007/​s10862-008-9111-3. CrossRef Fanti, K. A., Frick, P. J., & Georgiou, S. (2009). Linking callous-unemotional traits to instrumental and non-instrumental forms of aggression. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31(4), 285–298. doi: 10.​1007/​s10862-008-9111-3. CrossRef
go back to reference Forth, A. E., Kosson, D. S., & Hare, R. D. (2003). The psychopathy checklist: Youth version manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems. Forth, A. E., Kosson, D. S., & Hare, R. D. (2003). The psychopathy checklist: Youth version manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
go back to reference Frick, P. J., Ray, J. V., Thornton, L. C., & Kahn, R. E. (2013). Can callous-unemotional traits enhance the understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of serious conduct problems in children and adolescents? A comprehensive review. Psychological Bulletin. doi: 10.​1037/​a0033076. PubMed Frick, P. J., Ray, J. V., Thornton, L. C., & Kahn, R. E. (2013). Can callous-unemotional traits enhance the understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of serious conduct problems in children and adolescents? A comprehensive review. Psychological Bulletin. doi: 10.​1037/​a0033076. PubMed
go back to reference Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural equation modeling: guidelines for determining model fit. The Electronic Journal of Business Research, Methods, 6(1), 53–60. Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural equation modeling: guidelines for determining model fit. The Electronic Journal of Business Research, Methods, 6(1), 53–60.
go back to reference Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1989). LISREL 7: A guide to the program and applications (2nd ed.). Chicago: SPSS. Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1989). LISREL 7: A guide to the program and applications (2nd ed.). Chicago: SPSS.
go back to reference Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Skeem, J., Marsee, M. A., Cruise, K., Muñoz, L. C., & Morris, A. S. (2008). Assessing callous-unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: validation of the inventory of callous-unemotional traits. Journal of the International Association of Psychiatry and Law, 31, 241–252. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​ijlp.​2008.​04.​002. CrossRef Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Skeem, J., Marsee, M. A., Cruise, K., Muñoz, L. C., & Morris, A. S. (2008). Assessing callous-unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: validation of the inventory of callous-unemotional traits. Journal of the International Association of Psychiatry and Law, 31, 241–252. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​ijlp.​2008.​04.​002. CrossRef
go back to reference Lahey, B. B., Rathouz, P. J., Van Hulle, C., Urbano, R. C., Krueger, R. F., Applegate, B., & Waldman, I. D. (2008). Testing structural models of DSM–IV symptoms of common forms of child and adolescent psychopathology. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 187–206. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-007-9169-5. PubMedCrossRef Lahey, B. B., Rathouz, P. J., Van Hulle, C., Urbano, R. C., Krueger, R. F., Applegate, B., & Waldman, I. D. (2008). Testing structural models of DSM–IV symptoms of common forms of child and adolescent psychopathology. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 187–206. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-007-9169-5. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Leistico, A. M. R., Salekin, R. T., DeCoster, J., & Rogers, R. (2008). A large-scale meta-analysis relating the Hare measures of psychopathy to antisocial conduct. Law and Human Behavior, 45, 28–45. doi: 10.​1007/​s10979-007-9096-6. CrossRef Leistico, A. M. R., Salekin, R. T., DeCoster, J., & Rogers, R. (2008). A large-scale meta-analysis relating the Hare measures of psychopathy to antisocial conduct. Law and Human Behavior, 45, 28–45. doi: 10.​1007/​s10979-007-9096-6. CrossRef
go back to reference Marsee, M. A., & Frick, P. J. (2007). Exploring the cognitive and emotional correlates toproactive and reactive aggression in a sample of detained girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 969–981. PubMedCrossRef Marsee, M. A., & Frick, P. J. (2007). Exploring the cognitive and emotional correlates toproactive and reactive aggression in a sample of detained girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 969–981. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Marsee, M. A., Barry, C. T., Childs, K. K., Frick, P. J., Kimonis, E. R., Muñoz, L. C., et al. (2011). Assessing the forms and functions of aggression using self-report: factor structure and invariance of the peer conflict scale in youths. Psychological Assessment, 23, 792–804. doi: 10.​1037/​a0023369. PubMedCrossRef Marsee, M. A., Barry, C. T., Childs, K. K., Frick, P. J., Kimonis, E. R., Muñoz, L. C., et al. (2011). Assessing the forms and functions of aggression using self-report: factor structure and invariance of the peer conflict scale in youths. Psychological Assessment, 23, 792–804. doi: 10.​1037/​a0023369. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Marsh, H. W., Balla, J. R., & Hau, K. T. (1996). An evaluation of incremental fit indexes: A clarification of mathematical and empirical properties. In G. A. Marcoulides & R. E. Schumacker (Eds.), Advanced structural equation modeling techniques (pp. 315–353). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. Marsh, H. W., Balla, J. R., & Hau, K. T. (1996). An evaluation of incremental fit indexes: A clarification of mathematical and empirical properties. In G. A. Marcoulides & R. E. Schumacker (Eds.), Advanced structural equation modeling techniques (pp. 315–353). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Menesini, E., Nocentini, A., & Calussi, P. (2011). Measurement of Cyberbullying: dimensional structure and relative item severity and discrimination. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 14(5), 267–274. ISSN:2152–2715. PubMedCrossRef Menesini, E., Nocentini, A., & Calussi, P. (2011). Measurement of Cyberbullying: dimensional structure and relative item severity and discrimination. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 14(5), 267–274. ISSN:2152–2715. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Menesini, E., Calussi, P., & Nocentini, A. (2012). Cyberbullying and traditional bullying: Unique, additive and synergistic effects on psychological health symptoms. In Q. Li, D. Cross, & P. K. Smith (Eds.), Cyberbullying in the global playground: Research from international perspectives (pp. 245–262). London: Wiley-Blackwell. CrossRef Menesini, E., Calussi, P., & Nocentini, A. (2012). Cyberbullying and traditional bullying: Unique, additive and synergistic effects on psychological health symptoms. In Q. Li, D. Cross, & P. K. Smith (Eds.), Cyberbullying in the global playground: Research from international perspectives (pp. 245–262). London: Wiley-Blackwell. CrossRef
go back to reference Porter, S., & Woodworth, M. (2006). Psychopathy and aggression. In C. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 481–494). New York: Guilford Press. Porter, S., & Woodworth, M. (2006). Psychopathy and aggression. In C. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 481–494). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Poythress, N. G., Dembo, R., Wareham, J., & Greenbaum, P. E. (2006). Construct validity of the youth psychopathic traits inventory (YPI) and the antisocial process screening devices (APSD) with justice-involved adolescents. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 33, 26–55. doi: 10.​1177/​0093854805282518​. CrossRef Poythress, N. G., Dembo, R., Wareham, J., & Greenbaum, P. E. (2006). Construct validity of the youth psychopathic traits inventory (YPI) and the antisocial process screening devices (APSD) with justice-involved adolescents. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 33, 26–55. doi: 10.​1177/​0093854805282518​. CrossRef
go back to reference Roose, A., Bijttebier, P., Decoene, S., Claes, L., & Frick, P. J. (2010). Assessing the affective features of psychopathy in adolescence: a further validation of the inventory of callous and unemotional traits. Assessment, 17(1), 44–57. doi: 10.​1177/​1073191109344153​. PubMedCrossRef Roose, A., Bijttebier, P., Decoene, S., Claes, L., & Frick, P. J. (2010). Assessing the affective features of psychopathy in adolescence: a further validation of the inventory of callous and unemotional traits. Assessment, 17(1), 44–57. doi: 10.​1177/​1073191109344153​. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Salekin, R. T., & Lynam, D. R. (Eds.). (2010). Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy. New York: Guilford Press. Salekin, R. T., & Lynam, D. R. (Eds.). (2010). Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Steiger, J. H., & Lind, J. M. (1980). Statistically based tests for the number of common factors. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychometric Society, Iowa City, IA. Steiger, J. H., & Lind, J. M. (1980). Statistically based tests for the number of common factors. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Psychometric Society, Iowa City, IA.
go back to reference Watt, H. M. G., Shapka, J. D., Morris, Z. A., Durik, A. M., Keating, D. P., & Eccles, J. S. (2012). Gendered motivational processes affecting high school mathematics participation, educational aspirations, and career plans: a comparison of samples from Australian, Canada, and the United States. Developmental Psychology, 48, 1594–1611. PubMedCrossRef Watt, H. M. G., Shapka, J. D., Morris, Z. A., Durik, A. M., Keating, D. P., & Eccles, J. S. (2012). Gendered motivational processes affecting high school mathematics participation, educational aspirations, and career plans: a comparison of samples from Australian, Canada, and the United States. Developmental Psychology, 48, 1594–1611. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wolke, D., Woods, S., Bloomfield, L., & Karstadt, L. (2000). The association between direct and relational bullying and behaviour problems among primary school children. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(8), 989–1002. doi: 10.​1111/​1469-7610.​00687. CrossRef Wolke, D., Woods, S., Bloomfield, L., & Karstadt, L. (2000). The association between direct and relational bullying and behaviour problems among primary school children. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(8), 989–1002. doi: 10.​1111/​1469-7610.​00687. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
The Association between Callous-Unemotional Traits and Behavioral and Academic Adjustment in Children: Further Validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits
Auteurs
Enrica Ciucci
Andrea Baroncelli
Marta Franchi
Farrah Naz Golmaryami
Paul J. Frick
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 2/2014
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-013-9384-z

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2014

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2014 Naar de uitgave