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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 8/2011

01-11-2011

Temperament Variation in Sensitivity to Parenting: Predicting Changes in Depression and Anxiety

Auteurs: Cara J. Kiff, Liliana J. Lengua, Nicole R. Bush

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 8/2011

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Abstract

Temperament was examined as a moderator of maternal parenting behaviors, including warmth, negativity, autonomy granting, and guidance. Observations of parenting and questionnaire measures of temperament and adjustment were obtained from a community sample (N = 214; ages 8–12). Trajectories of depression and anxiety were assessed across 3 years. The pattern of parenting as a predictor of internalizing symptoms depended on temperament. Maternal negativity predicted increases in depression for children low in fear. Effortful control moderated sensitivity to maternal negativity, autonomy granting, and guidance. Children low in effortful control reported more symptoms in the presence of negative or poor-fitting parenting. The results support differential responding, but also suggest that temperament may render children vulnerable for the development of problems regardless of parenting.

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Voetnoten
1
Heterogeneity of age differences through modeling age versus time in study was explored by specifying parallel models using an age-cohort design (see Mehta and West 2000). No differences emerged in the magnitude or pattern of significance of associations.
 
2
A model examining all covariates and parenting variables simultaneously was run to determine whether non-significant covariates affected any relations. The results did not differ and the reduced model was retained to preserve power (Muthén and Curran 1997).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Temperament Variation in Sensitivity to Parenting: Predicting Changes in Depression and Anxiety
Auteurs
Cara J. Kiff
Liliana J. Lengua
Nicole R. Bush
Publicatiedatum
01-11-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 8/2011
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9539-x