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02-01-2019 | OriginalPaper | Uitgave 5/2019

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2019

Temperament Similarities and Differences: A Comparison of Factor Structures from the Behavioral Style Questionnaire in Children with and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 5/2019
Auteurs:
Brian Barger, Eric J. Moody, Caroline Ledbetter, Larissa D’Abreu, Susan Hepburn, Steven A. Rosenberg
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-018-03866-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

The majority of studies of temperament in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) use scales normed on typical populations. The present study examined a widely used measure of temperament, the Behavioral Style Questionnaire (McDevitt and Carey in Behavioral Styles Questionnaire, Behavioral-Developmental Initiatives Scottsdale, AZ, 1975) to determine whether it contains the temperament traits theorized by its creators. Neither confirmatory nor exploratory factor analysis, using a sample of children with ASD and a population comparison group, identified the theorized nine temperament factors; many items did not strongly load on any of the original factors. A 10 factor solution best described the ASD data and a 9 factor solution best described the typical group’s data. There were substantial similarities in the 9 factor solutions, but groups differed from one another enough to question construct similarity for several factors. These results highlight that more basic psychometric research is needed to better understand the BSQ in children with ASD.

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