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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2009

01-06-2009 | Original Paper

Temperament as a Predictor of Symptomotology and Adaptive Functioning in Adolescents with High-Functioning Autism

Auteurs: Caley B. Schwartz, Heather A. Henderson, Anne P. Inge, Nicole E. Zahka, Drew C. Coman, Nicole M. Kojkowski, Camilla M. Hileman, Peter C. Mundy

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2009

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Abstract

Variation in temperament is characteristic of all people but is rarely studied as a predictor of individual differences among individuals with autism. Relative to a matched comparison sample, adolescents with High-Functioning Autism (HFA) reported lower levels of Surgency and higher levels of Negative Affectivity. Variability in temperament predicted symptomotology, social skills, and social-emotional outcomes differently for individuals with HFA than for the comparison sample. This study is unique in that temperament was measured by self-report, while all outcome measures were reported by parents. The broader implications of this study suggest that by identifying individual variability in constructs, such as temperament, that may influence adaptive functioning, interventions may be developed to target these constructs and increase the likelihood that individuals with HFA will achieve more adaptive life outcomes.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Temperament as a Predictor of Symptomotology and Adaptive Functioning in Adolescents with High-Functioning Autism
Auteurs
Caley B. Schwartz
Heather A. Henderson
Anne P. Inge
Nicole E. Zahka
Drew C. Coman
Nicole M. Kojkowski
Camilla M. Hileman
Peter C. Mundy
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2009
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0690-y