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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2016

28-08-2015

Temperament and its Association with Autism Symptoms in a High-risk Population

Auteurs: Nancy Garon, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Susan Bryson, Isabel M. Smith, Jessica Brian, Caroline Roncadin, Tracy Vaillancourt, Vickie Armstrong, Lori-Ann R. Sacrey, Wendy Roberts

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

Temperament was investigated in a group of high-risk infants (N = 383; 45 % girls) who had an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and in community control infants (N = 162; 46 % girls) with no family history of ASD (low-risk). The infants were assessed at age 12 months using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire, and at 24 months using the Toddler Behavior Assessment Questionnaire. At 36 months, an independent blind diagnostic assessment for ASD was conducted using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS). The results indicate not only differences in temperament traits between the high- and low-risk groups, but also differences in the structure of higher-order temperament factors. The results support the importance of early reactive temperament in the development of Effortful Control in the high-risk sample. Furthermore, Effortful Control at 24 months appears to play a critical role in predicting later ASD symptoms (at 36 months). Taken together, these findings support the use of early temperament as an endophenotype for ASD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Temperament and its Association with Autism Symptoms in a High-risk Population
Auteurs
Nancy Garon
Lonnie Zwaigenbaum
Susan Bryson
Isabel M. Smith
Jessica Brian
Caroline Roncadin
Tracy Vaillancourt
Vickie Armstrong
Lori-Ann R. Sacrey
Wendy Roberts
Publicatiedatum
28-08-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-015-0064-1