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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2018

07-10-2017 | Original Paper

Teaching Parents Behavioral Strategies for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Effects on Stress, Strain, and Competence

Auteurs: Suzannah Iadarola, Lynne Levato, Bryan Harrison, Tristram Smith, Luc Lecavalier, Cynthia Johnson, Naomi Swiezy, Karen Bearss, Lawrence Scahill

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2018

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Abstract

We report on parent outcomes from a randomized clinical trial of parent training (PT) versus psychoeducation (PEP) in 180 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and disruptive behavior. We compare the impact of PT and PEP on parent outcomes: Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Parent Sense of Competence (PSOC), and Caregiver Strain Questionnaire (CGSQ). Mixed-effects linear models evaluated differences at weeks 12 and 24, controlling for baseline scores. Parents in PT reported greater improvement than PEP on the PSOC (ES = 0.34), CGSQ (ES = 0.50), and difficult child subdomain of the PSI (ES = 0.44). This is the largest trial assessing PT in ASD on parent outcomes. PT reduces disruptive behavior in children, and improves parental competence while reducing parental stress and parental strain.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Teaching Parents Behavioral Strategies for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Effects on Stress, Strain, and Competence
Auteurs
Suzannah Iadarola
Lynne Levato
Bryan Harrison
Tristram Smith
Luc Lecavalier
Cynthia Johnson
Naomi Swiezy
Karen Bearss
Lawrence Scahill
Publicatiedatum
07-10-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2018
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3339-2