Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 3/2014

01-06-2014 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Teaching Mindfulness on an Inpatient Psychiatric Unit

Auteurs: M. Knight, D. Pultinas, S. Collins, C. Sellig, D. C. Freeman, C. Strimaitis, N. Simms, R. R. Silver

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 3/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

This pilot study sought to determine if mindfulness skills could be taught to patients hospitalized with depression in a short-term, inpatient psychiatric setting. Mindfulness is the disposition to be aware of one’s current internal and external experiences while accepting them without judgment. Awareness of the breath shaped the meditation experiences used in this study. Twenty-three patients enrolled and participated in at least three mindfulness-based interventions (MBI’s). The interventions available were one-to-one meditation exercises, meditation groups, and yoga groups. Subjects completed the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale (PHLMS) measuring mindfulness trait upon admission and at the time of discharge. The Toronto Mindfulness Scale (TMS) measuring mindfulness state was completed after each MBI. In addition, subjects completed brief written descriptions of their present-moment experience after each MBI. PHLMS scores showed a significant increase in total score and the awareness subscale. A trend analysis of TMS scores was significant for total score and both subscales. Content analysis of the present-moment statements identified five major themes in the awareness category and two in the acceptance category. This pilot study suggests that mindfulness, cultivated through meditation and yoga can be taught to, and practiced by, individuals experiencing acute psychiatric symptoms.
Literatuur
go back to reference Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 125–143. doi:10.1093/clipsy/bpg015. Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 125–143. doi:10.​1093/​clipsy/​bpg015.
go back to reference Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., Segal, Z. V., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241. Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., Segal, Z. V., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230–241.
go back to reference Brown, R.P. & Gerbarg, P.L. (2005). Sudarshan Kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression. Part II—clinical applications and guidelines. Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine,11(4), 711–717. doi:10.1089/acm.2005.11.711. Brown, R.P. & Gerbarg, P.L. (2005). Sudarshan Kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression. Part II—clinical applications and guidelines. Journal of Alternative and Complimentary Medicine,11(4), 711–717. doi:10.​1089/​acm.​2005.​11.​711.
go back to reference Davis, K. M., Lau, M. A., & Cairns, D. R. (2009). Development and preliminary validation of a trait version of the Toronto Mindfulness Scale. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: an International Quarterly, 23(3), 185–197. doi:10.1891/0889–8391.23.3.185.CrossRef Davis, K. M., Lau, M. A., & Cairns, D. R. (2009). Development and preliminary validation of a trait version of the Toronto Mindfulness Scale. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: an International Quarterly, 23(3), 185–197. doi:10.​1891/​0889–8391.​23.​3.​185.CrossRef
go back to reference Downe-Wamboldt, B. (1992). Content analysis: method, applications, and issues. Health Care for Women International, 13(3), 313–321.PubMedCrossRef Downe-Wamboldt, B. (1992). Content analysis: method, applications, and issues. Health Care for Women International, 13(3), 313–321.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (1999). Acceptance and commitment therapy. New, York: Guilford Press. Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (1999). Acceptance and commitment therapy. New, York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: the program of the Stress Reduction Clinic at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. New York: Dell Publishing. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrophe living: the program of the Stress Reduction Clinic at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. New York: Dell Publishing.
go back to reference Kripalu School of Yoga. (2006). Kripalu Yoga 200 hour teacher training manual (2006). Stockbridge, MA: Kripalu Center for Yoga and Health. Kripalu School of Yoga. (2006). Kripalu Yoga 200 hour teacher training manual (2006). Stockbridge, MA: Kripalu Center for Yoga and Health.
go back to reference Lau, M. A., Bishop, S. R., Segal, Z. V., Buis, T., Anderson, N. D., Carlson, L., Shapiro, S., Carmody, J., Abby, S., & Devins, G. (2006). The Toronto Mindfulness Scale: development and validation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(12), 1445–1467. doi:10.1002/jclp.PubMedCrossRef Lau, M. A., Bishop, S. R., Segal, Z. V., Buis, T., Anderson, N. D., Carlson, L., Shapiro, S., Carmody, J., Abby, S., & Devins, G. (2006). The Toronto Mindfulness Scale: development and validation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(12), 1445–1467. doi:10.​1002/​jclp.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press. Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Ma, S. H., & Teasdale, J. D. (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: replication and exploration of differential relapse prevention effects. Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, 72(1), 31–40. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.72.1.31.CrossRef Ma, S. H., & Teasdale, J. D. (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: replication and exploration of differential relapse prevention effects. Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, 72(1), 31–40. doi:10.​1037/​0022-006X.​72.​1.​31.CrossRef
go back to reference Michalak, J., Heidenreich, T., Meibert, P., & Schulte, D. (2008). Mindfulness predicts relapse/recurrence in major depressive disorder after mindfulness based cognitive therapy. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196(8), 630–633. doi:10.1097/NMD.0b13e31817d0546.PubMedCrossRef Michalak, J., Heidenreich, T., Meibert, P., & Schulte, D. (2008). Mindfulness predicts relapse/recurrence in major depressive disorder after mindfulness based cognitive therapy. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196(8), 630–633. doi:10.​1097/​NMD.​0b13e31817d0546.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2003). Mindfulness: a promising intervention strategy in need of further study. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 172–178. Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2003). Mindfulness: a promising intervention strategy in need of further study. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 172–178.
go back to reference Rohini, V., Pandey, R. S., Janakiramaiah, N., Gangadhar, B. N., & Vedamurthachar, A. (2000). A comparative study of full and partial Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in major depressive disorder. NIMHANS, 18(1–2), 53–57. Rohini, V., Pandey, R. S., Janakiramaiah, N., Gangadhar, B. N., & Vedamurthachar, A. (2000). A comparative study of full and partial Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in major depressive disorder. NIMHANS, 18(1–2), 53–57.
go back to reference Salmon, P., Lush, E., Jablonski, M., & Sephton, S. E. (2009). Yoga and mindfulness: clinical aspects of an ancient mind/body practice. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 16, 59–72.CrossRef Salmon, P., Lush, E., Jablonski, M., & Sephton, S. E. (2009). Yoga and mindfulness: clinical aspects of an ancient mind/body practice. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 16, 59–72.CrossRef
go back to reference Segal, Z. V., Teasdale, J. D., & Williams, J. M. G. (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: theoretical rationale and empirical status. In S. C. Hayes, V. M. Follette, & M. M. Linehan (Eds.), Mindfulness and acceptance: expanding the cognitive-behavioral tradition (p. 54). New York: Guilford Press. Segal, Z. V., Teasdale, J. D., & Williams, J. M. G. (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: theoretical rationale and empirical status. In S. C. Hayes, V. M. Follette, & M. M. Linehan (Eds.), Mindfulness and acceptance: expanding the cognitive-behavioral tradition (p. 54). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression—a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press. Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression—a new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Shelov, D. V., Suchday, S., & Friedberg, J. P. (2009). A pilot study measuring the impact of yoga on the trait of mindfulness. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 37(5), 595–598.CrossRef Shelov, D. V., Suchday, S., & Friedberg, J. P. (2009). A pilot study measuring the impact of yoga on the trait of mindfulness. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 37(5), 595–598.CrossRef
go back to reference Uebelacker, L. A., Epstein-Lubow, G., Gaudiano, B. A., Tremont, G., Battle, C. L., & Miller, I. W. (2010). Hatha yoga for depression: critical review of the evidence for efficacy, plausible mechanisms of action, and directions for future research. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 16(1), 22–33.PubMedCrossRef Uebelacker, L. A., Epstein-Lubow, G., Gaudiano, B. A., Tremont, G., Battle, C. L., & Miller, I. W. (2010). Hatha yoga for depression: critical review of the evidence for efficacy, plausible mechanisms of action, and directions for future research. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 16(1), 22–33.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Williams, J. M. G., Duggan, D. S., Crane, C., & Fennell, M. J. (2006). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for prevention of recurrence of suicidal behavior. Journal of Clinical Psychology In Session, 62(2), 201–210. doi:10.1002/jclp.20223.CrossRef Williams, J. M. G., Duggan, D. S., Crane, C., & Fennell, M. J. (2006). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for prevention of recurrence of suicidal behavior. Journal of Clinical Psychology In Session, 62(2), 201–210. doi:10.​1002/​jclp.​20223.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Teaching Mindfulness on an Inpatient Psychiatric Unit
Auteurs
M. Knight
D. Pultinas
S. Collins
C. Sellig
D. C. Freeman
C. Strimaitis
N. Simms
R. R. Silver
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 3/2014
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-012-0175-5

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2014

Mindfulness 3/2014 Naar de uitgave

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

Meditation Is Not for the Faint-Hearted

ORTHOGONAL ROTATION IN CONSCIOUSNESS

The Challenge of a Life’s Time—and a Lifetime