Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Temporal preparation usually results in enhanced performance in choice reaction time tasks. The present study investigated to what extent temporal preparation involves increased readiness for task-specific processing requirements as opposed to increased task-independent readiness. Participants performed either a pitch, a letter, or a color discrimination task within a variable foreperiod paradigm and tasks alternated regularly between auditory and visual discriminations. In separate blocks of trials, the upcoming visual discrimination task was either predictable or unpredictable. We observed the standard variable foreperiod effect for both visual discrimination tasks irrespective of task predictability. Importantly, however, the variable foreperiod effect was larger when the visual discrimination task was predictable than when it was unpredictable. These results suggest that temporal preparation in choice reaction time tasks involves increased readiness for both task-independent and task-specific processing requirements.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Alegria, J. (1975). Sequential effects of foreperiod duration: Some strategical factors in tasks involving time uncertainty. In P. M. A. Rabbitt & S. Dornic (Eds.), Attention and performance V (pp. 1–10). London: Academic Press.
Coull, J. T., & Nobre, A. C. (1998). Where and when to pay attention: the neural systems for directing attention to spatial locations and to time intervals as revealed by both PET and fMRI. The Journal of Neuroscience, 18(18), 7426–7435. PubMed
Cousineau, D. (2005). Confidence intervals in within-subject designs: A simpler solution to Loftus and Masson’s method. Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 1(1), 42–45.
Elithorn, A., & Lawrence, C. (1955). Central inhibition—some refractory observations. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 7(3), 116–127. CrossRef
Lidji, P., Kolinsky, R., Lochy, A., & Morais, J. (2007). Spatial associations for musical stimuli: A piano in the head? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 33(5), 1189–1207. PubMed
Los, S. A. (1996). On the origin of mixing costs: Exploring information processing in pure and mixed blocks of trials. Acta Psychologica, 94(2), 145–188. CrossRef
Los, S. A., & Van den Heuvel, C. E. (2001). Intentional and unintentional contributions to nonspecific preparation during reaction time foreperiods. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27(2), 370–386. PubMed
Niemi, P., & Näätänen, R. (1981). Foreperiod and simple reaction time. Psychological Bulletin, 89(1), 133–162. CrossRef
Rogers, R. D., & Monsell, S. (1995). Costs of a predictable switch between simple cognitive tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 124(2), 207–231. CrossRef
Simon, J. R., & Slaviero, D. P. (1975). Differential effects of a foreperiod countdown procedure on simple and choice reaction time. Journal of Motor Behavior, 7(1), 9–14. CrossRef
Thomaschke, R., Kiesel, A., & Hoffmann, J. (2011). Response specific temporal expectancy: Evidence from a variable foreperiod paradigm. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 73(7), 2309–2322. CrossRef
Thomaschke, R., Wagener, A., Kiesel, A., & Hoffmann, J. (2011). The scope and precision of specific temporal expectancy: Evidence from a variable foreperiod paradigm. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 73(3), 953–964. CrossRef
Vallesi A., & Shallice T. (2007) Developmental dissociations of preparation over time: Deconstructing the variable foreperiod phenomena. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 33(6), 1377–1388. PubMed
Woodrow, H. (1914). The measurement of attention. Psychological Monographs, 17(5), 1–158. CrossRef
- Task predictability influences the variable foreperiod effect: evidence of task-specific temporal preparation
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg