Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2019

08-03-2019

Sympathetic and Self-Reported Threat Reactivity in Social Anxiety: Modulation by Threat Certainty and Avoidance Behavior

Auteurs: Travis C. Evans, Ana M. Rodriguez, Jennifer C. Britton

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 4/2019

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Social anxiety is characterized by maladaptive anticipation, avoidance, and post-avoidance processes in response to perceived threats. Exaggerated sympathetic activation to threats is proposed to play a key role in social anxiety, but has received inconsistent empirical support. To clarify this issue, we characterized social anxiety-related differences in the time course of sympathetic activation as a function of threat certainty and threat avoidance. While skin conductance was measured, adults (18–30 years old) reporting clinically elevated (n = 34) or low (n = 33) social anxiety symptoms completed a behavioral paradigm involving threat anticipation and the opportunity to avoid conditioned threat and non-threats. During threat anticipation, both groups exhibited increasing conditioned sympathetic activation when threat was certain; however, the high social anxiety group exhibited less conditioned sympathetic activation to threats vs. non-threats compared to the low social anxiety group, irrespective of threat certainty. Following threat anticipation, the high social anxiety group exhibited greater avoidance of both threats and non-threats. Following threat avoidance, the high social anxiety group exhibited comparatively smaller and slower sympathetic recovery. Taken together, our results suggest that social anxiety is characterized by indiscriminate sympathetic activation to both threat and safety cues, which facilitates maladaptive avoidance behaviors and impairs sympathetic recovery.
Literatuur
go back to reference Clark, D. M. (2001). A cognitive perspective on social phobia (W. R. Crozier & L. E. Alden Eds.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Clark, D. M. (2001). A cognitive perspective on social phobia (W. R. Crozier & L. E. Alden Eds.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
go back to reference Cook, E., III, & Turpin, G. (1997). Differentiating orienting, startle, and defense responses: The role of affect and its implications for psychopathology. In P. J. Lang, R. F. Simons, M. T. Balaban, P. J. Lang, R. F. Simons, & M. T. Balaban (Eds.), Attention and orienting: Sensory and motivational processes. (pp. 137–164). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. Cook, E., III, & Turpin, G. (1997). Differentiating orienting, startle, and defense responses: The role of affect and its implications for psychopathology. In P. J. Lang, R. F. Simons, M. T. Balaban, P. J. Lang, R. F. Simons, & M. T. Balaban (Eds.), Attention and orienting: Sensory and motivational processes. (pp. 137–164). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
go back to reference Dimberg, U. (1987). Facial reactions, autonomic activity and experienced emotion: A three component model of emotional conditioning. Biological Psychology, 24(2), 105–122. CrossRef Dimberg, U. (1987). Facial reactions, autonomic activity and experienced emotion: A three component model of emotional conditioning. Biological Psychology, 24(2), 105–122. CrossRef
go back to reference Gramer, M. (2006). Social anxiety and cardiovascular responses to active coping conditions. Psychology Science, 48(1), 39–52. Gramer, M. (2006). Social anxiety and cardiovascular responses to active coping conditions. Psychology Science, 48(1), 39–52.
go back to reference Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2008). International affective picture system (iaps): Affective ratings of pictures and instruction manual. Technical report a-8. University of Florida, Gainesville, fl. In Retrieved from. Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2008). International affective picture system (iaps): Affective ratings of pictures and instruction manual. Technical report a-8. University of Florida, Gainesville, fl. In Retrieved from.
go back to reference Lau, J. Y., Britton, J. C., Nelson, E. E., Angold, A., Ernst, M., Goldwin, M., Grillon, C., Leibenluft, E., Lissek, S., Norcross, M., Shiffrin, N., & Pine, D. S. (2011). Distinct neural signatures of threat learning in adolescents and adults. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(11), 4500–4505. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1073/​pnas.​1005494108. CrossRef Lau, J. Y., Britton, J. C., Nelson, E. E., Angold, A., Ernst, M., Goldwin, M., Grillon, C., Leibenluft, E., Lissek, S., Norcross, M., Shiffrin, N., & Pine, D. S. (2011). Distinct neural signatures of threat learning in adolescents and adults. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(11), 4500–4505. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1073/​pnas.​1005494108. CrossRef
go back to reference Lebeau, R. T., D.E. Glenn, Hanover, L. N., Beesdo-Baum, K., Wittchen, H. U., & Craske, M. G. (2012). A dimensional approach to measuring anxiety for dsm-5. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research(1557–0657 (electronic)), 21, 258, 272. Lebeau, R. T., D.E. Glenn, Hanover, L. N., Beesdo-Baum, K., Wittchen, H. U., & Craske, M. G. (2012). A dimensional approach to measuring anxiety for dsm-5. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research(1557–0657 (electronic)), 21, 258, 272.
go back to reference Letamendi, A. M., Chavira, D. A., & Stein, M. B. (2009). Issues in the assessment of social phobia: A review. The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 46(1), 13–24. PubMedPubMedCentral Letamendi, A. M., Chavira, D. A., & Stein, M. B. (2009). Issues in the assessment of social phobia: A review. The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 46(1), 13–24. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Li, D., Chokka, P., & Tibbo, P. (2001). Toward an integrative understanding of social phobia. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 26(3), 190–202. PubMedPubMedCentral Li, D., Chokka, P., & Tibbo, P. (2001). Toward an integrative understanding of social phobia. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 26(3), 190–202. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Lovibond, P., & Lovibond. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales. In The psychology Foundation of Australia Inc. Lovibond, P., & Lovibond. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales. In The psychology Foundation of Australia Inc.
go back to reference Mowrer, O. H. (1951). Two-factor learning theory: Summary and comment. Psychological Review, 58(5), 350–354. CrossRef Mowrer, O. H. (1951). Two-factor learning theory: Summary and comment. Psychological Review, 58(5), 350–354. CrossRef
go back to reference Phan, K. L., & Klumpp, H. (2014). Neuroendocrinology and neuroimaging studies of social anxiety disorder. In S. G. Hofmann, P. M. DiBartolo, S. G. Hofmann, & P. M. DiBartolo (Eds.), Social anxiety: Clinical, developmental, and social perspectives, 3rd ed. (pp. 333–376). San Diego, CA, US: Elsevier Academic Press. Phan, K. L., & Klumpp, H. (2014). Neuroendocrinology and neuroimaging studies of social anxiety disorder. In S. G. Hofmann, P. M. DiBartolo, S. G. Hofmann, & P. M. DiBartolo (Eds.), Social anxiety: Clinical, developmental, and social perspectives, 3rd ed. (pp. 333–376). San Diego, CA, US: Elsevier Academic Press.
go back to reference Tinoco-Gonzalez, D., Fullana, M. A., Torrents-Rodas, D., Bonillo, A., Vervliet, B., Pailhez, G., Farre, M., Andion, O., Perez, V., & Torrubia, R. (2015). Conditioned subjective responses to socially relevant stimuli in social anxiety disorder and subclinical social anxiety. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 22(3), 221–231. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​cpp.​1883. CrossRef Tinoco-Gonzalez, D., Fullana, M. A., Torrents-Rodas, D., Bonillo, A., Vervliet, B., Pailhez, G., Farre, M., Andion, O., Perez, V., & Torrubia, R. (2015). Conditioned subjective responses to socially relevant stimuli in social anxiety disorder and subclinical social anxiety. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 22(3), 221–231. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1002/​cpp.​1883. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Sympathetic and Self-Reported Threat Reactivity in Social Anxiety: Modulation by Threat Certainty and Avoidance Behavior
Auteurs
Travis C. Evans
Ana M. Rodriguez
Jennifer C. Britton
Publicatiedatum
08-03-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 4/2019
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-019-09725-2