Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Suicide rates within the military have continued to rise in recent years, resulting in re-doubled efforts to understand and remedy this trend. In an attempt to clarify unique pathways to suicide risk in this population, the current study examined the relationship between length of time since most recent deployment and several suicide risk factors (hopelessness, suicidal ideation, and resolved plans and preparations). Furthermore, this study examined the moderating influence of post-deployment social support in the prediction of suicide risk. Results indicated that the interaction of time since deployment and post-deployment support predicted both hopelessness and resolved plans and preparations, but did not predict suicidal ideation. These findings suggest that the negative effects of time spent away from recognized military support may be compounded by the isolating effect of decreased access to alternative supports at home, resulting in increased hopelessness and/or resolved plans and preparations. Implications for the necessity of improved post-deployment programs are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1991). Manual for Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Bryan, C. J., Clemans, T. A., & Hernandez, A. M. (2012). Perceived burdensomeness, fearlessness of death, and suicidality among deployed military personnel. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 374–379. CrossRef
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS). Available at http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html. Accessed 9 Jan 2015.
DeBeer, B. B., Kimbrel, N. A., Meyer, E. C., Gulliver, S. B., & Morissette, S. B. (2014). Combined PTD and depressive symptoms interact with post-deployment social support to predict suicidal ideation on Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans. Psychiatry Research, 216, 357–362. CrossRefPubMed
Durkheim, Emile (1897) . Suicide: a study in sociology. Glencoe, The Free Press
Griffith, J. (2012b). Correlates of suicide among army national guard soldiers. Military Psychology, 24, 568–591. CrossRef
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York, NY: Gulford Press.
Joiner, T. E. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.
Joiner, T. E., Pfaff, J. J., & Acres, J. G. (2002). A brief screening tool for suicidal symptoms in adolescents and young adults in general health settings: Reliability and validity data from the Australian National General Practice Youth Suicide Prevention Project. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 471–481. CrossRefPubMed
Joiner, T. E., & Rudd, M. D. (1996). Disentangling the interrelations between hopelessness, loneliness, and suicidal ideation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 26, 19–26. PubMed
King, D. W., King, L. A., & Vogt, D. S. (2003). Manual for the deployment risk and resilience inventory (DRRI): A collection of measures for studying deployment-related experiences of military veterans. Boston, MA: National Center for PTSD.
Mann, J. J., Waternaux, C., Haas, G. L., & Malone, K. M. (1999). Toward a Clinical Model of Suicidal Behavior in Psychiatric Patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 181–189. PubMed
Metalsky, G., & Joiner, T. (1997). The Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 21, 359–384. CrossRef
National Center for Telehealth and Technology, Defense Centers for Psychological Health. (2013). Department of Defense Suicide Event Report (DoDSER): calendar year 2012 report.
O’Connor, R. C. (2011). Towards an integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behaviour. In R. C. O’Connor, S. Platts, & J. Gordon (Eds.), International handbook of suicide prevention: research, policy and practice (pp. 181–198). Chichester: John Wiley and Sons. CrossRef
Pfeiffer, P. N., Brandfon, S., Garcia, E., Duffy, S., Ganoczy, D., Myra Kim, H., & Valenstein, M. (2014). Predictors of suicidal ideation among depressed veterans and the interpersonal theory of suicide. Journal of Affect Disorders, 152–154, 227–281.
Pietrzak, R. H., Johnson, D. C., Goldstein, M. B., Malley, J. C., Rivers, A. J., Morgan, C. A., & Southwick, S. M. (2010a). Psychosocial buffers of traumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial difficulties in veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqui Freedom: the role of resilience, unit support, and postdeployment social support. Journal of Affect Disorders, 120, 188–192. CrossRef
Pietrzak, R. H., Johnson, D. C., Goldstein, M. B., Malley, J. C., & Southwick, S. M. (2009). Psychological resilience and postdeployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from operations enduring freedom and Iraqi freedom. Depression and Anxiety, 26, 745–751. CrossRefPubMed
Ramchand, R., Acosta, J., Burns, R. M., Jaycox, L. H., & Pernin, C. G. (2011). The war within: Preventing suicide in the US military. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.
Rosellini, A. J., & Bagge, C. L. (2014). Temperament. Hopelessness, and attempted suicide: Direct and indirect effects, suicide and life-threatening behavior, 44, 353–361. PubMed
Rudd, M. D. (2013). Suicide in the military. In B. A. Moore & J. E. Barnett (Eds.), Military psychologists’ desk reference (pp. 143–147). New York, NY, US: Oxford University Press.
Schotte, D. E., & Clum, G. A. (1987). Problem-solving skills in suicidal psychiatric patients. Journal of Consult Clinical Psychology, 55, 49–55. CrossRef
Steed, L. (1991). Further validity and reliability evidence for Beck Hopelessness Scale Scores in a nonclinical sample. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 61, 303–316. CrossRef
- Support Systems: How Post-Deployment Support Impacts Suicide Risk Factors in the United States Army National Guard
Rachel L. Martin
Bradley A. Green
Michael D. Anestis
- Springer US