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25-02-2020 | S.I.: Suicidality and Self-harm in Autism | Uitgave 10/2020

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2020

Suicidality Among Children and Youth With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review of Existing Risk Assessment Tools

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 10/2020
Stephanie J. Howe, Katie Hewitt, Jessica Baraskewich, Sarah Cassidy, Carly A. McMorris
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Individuals with autism are at heightened risk for experiencing suicidality compared to those without autism. Despite this, it is unknown what tools are used to assess suicide risk in research and clinical practice among children and youth with autism. This systematic review examined tools commonly used to measure suicidality in children and youth with and without autism spectrum disorder. Four databases were searched. We identified five tools (C-SSRS, PSS, SITBI, SIQ-JR, BSS) commonly used with youth in the general population; however, we did not identify any tools that were commonly used autistic children and youth. Results highlight the lack of available tools utilized to measure suicidality in autistic children and youth. We propose a framework to facilitate research to fill this gap.

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