Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Single trial methods reveal unimpaired free recall of unrelated words in Asperger’s syndrome (AS). When repeated trials are used (free recall learning), typical individuals show improved recall over trials, subjective organisation of material (SO) and a correlation between free recall and SO. We tested oral (Experiment 1) and written (Experiment 2) free recall over 16 trials in adults with AS and typical individuals. Across both experiments AS participants showed marginally diminished recall. Poorer SO was seen in the Asperger group only in Experiment 2, but in both experiments, individual differences in SO in the Asperger group were less likely to converge over trials. This lack of convergence suggests that the AS group organise material in idiosyncratic ways.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders , fourth edition—Text Revision. Washington, DC: The Association.
Andreasen, N. C., Nopoulos, P., Schultz, S., Miller, D., Gupta, S., Swayze, V., & Flaum, M. (1994). Positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia: Past, present, and future. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Suppl., 384, 51–59. CrossRef
Barth, C., Fein, D., & Waterhouse, L. (1995). Delayed match-to-sample performance in autistic children. Developmental Neuropsychology, 11, 53–69. CrossRef
Beversdorf, D. Q., Smith, B. W., Crucian, G. P., Anderson, J. M., Keillor, J. M., Barrett, A. M., Hughes, J. D., Felopulos, G. J., Bauman, M. L., Nadeau, S. E., & Heilman, K. M. (2000). Increased discrimination of “false memories” in autism spectrum disorder. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97, 8734–8737. PubMedCrossRef
Boucher, J., & Bowler, D. M. (in press). Memory in autism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boucher, J., & Warrington, E. K. (1976). Memory deficits in early infantile autism: Some similarities to the amnesic syndrome. British Journal of Psychology, 67, 73–87. PubMed
Bowler, D. M., Gardiner, J. M., & Grice, S. (2000a). Episodic memory and remembering in adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 305–316. CrossRef
Bowler, D. M., Gardiner, J. M., Grice, S., & Saavalainen, P. (2000b). Memory illusions: False recall and recognition in adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 663–672. CrossRef
Burack, J. A., Enns, J. T., Stauder, J. E. A., Mottron, L., & Randolph, B. (1997). Attention and autism: Behavioural and electrophysiological evidence. In D. J. Cohen, & F. R. Volkmar (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (pp. 226–247). New York: Wiley.
Davis, H. F., Small, S. A., Stern, Y., Mayeux, R., Feldstein, S. N., & Keller, F. R. (2003). Acquisition, recall and forgetting of verbal information in long-term memory by young, middle-aged and elderly individuals. Cortex, 39, 1036–1091.
Hermelin, B., & O’Conor, N. (1967). Remembering of words by psychotic and subnormal children. British Journal of Psychology, 58, 213–218. PubMed
Hermelin, B., & O’Connor, N. (1971). Psychological experiments with autistic children. Oxford: Pergamon.
Hill, E. L. (2004a). Executive dysfunction in autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8, 26–32. CrossRef
Hill, E. L. (2004b). Evaluating the theory of executive dysfunction in autism. Developmental Review, 24, 189–233. CrossRef
Kahana, M. J., & Wingfield, A. (2000). A functional relation between learning and organization in free recall. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 7, 516–521. PubMed
Loranger, A. W. (1984). Sex difference in age at onset of schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 157–161. PubMed
Minshew, N. J., & Goldstein, G. (1992) Is autism an amnesic disorder?: Evidence from the california verbal learning test. Neuropsychology, 7, 209–216. CrossRef
Mottron, L., Burack, J. (2001). Enhanced perceptual functioning in the development of autism. In J. A. Burack, T. Charman, N. Yirmiya, & P. R. Zelazo (Eds.), The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (pp. 131–148). Mahwah, N.J.: Erlbaum.
Mottron, L., Dawson, M., Soulières, I., Hubert, B., & Burack, J. (2006). Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: An update and eight principles of autistic perception. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36.
Navon, D. (1977). Forest before trees: The precedence of global features in visual perception. Cognitive Psychology, 9, 353–383. CrossRef
O’Connor, N., & Hermelin, B. (1967). Auditory and visual memory in autistic and normal children. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 1, 126–131.
Poirier, M., Bowler, D. M., & Gaigg, S. B. (2004). Digit span in adults with Asperger’s syndrome. Poster presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research, Sacramento, 2004.
Smith, B. J., Gardiner, J. M., & Bowler, D. M. (in press). Deficits in free recall persist in Asperger’s syndrome despite training in the use of list-appropriate learning strategies. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
Sternberg, R. J., & Tulving, E. (1977). The measurement of subjective organization in free recall. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 539–556. CrossRef
Tager-Flusberg, H. (1985a). Basic level and superordinate level categorization by autistic, mentally retarded, and normal children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 40, 450–469. CrossRef
Tager-Flusberg, H. (1985b). The conceptual basis for referential word meaning in children with autism. Child Development, 56, 1167–1178. CrossRef
Tager-Flusberg, H. (1991). Semantic processing in the free recall of autistic children: Further evidence for a cognitive deficit. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9, 417–430.
Tager-Flusberg, H. (2002). A re-examination of the theory of mind hypothesis of autism. In J. Burack, T. Charman, N. Yirmiya, & P. Zelazo (Eds.), The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (pp. 173–193). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Tomasello, M., Kruger, A., & Ratner, H. (1993). Cultural learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 450–488.
Tulving, E. (1968). Theoretical issues in free recall. In T.R. Dixon, & D.L. Horton (Eds.), Verbal behavior and general behavior theory (pp. 1–68). Englewood Cliffs: NJ. Prentice-Hall.
- Subjective Organisation in the Free Recall Learning of Adults with Asperger’s Syndrome
Dermot M. Bowler
Sebastian B. Gaigg
John M. Gardiner
- Springer US