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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2019

03-09-2018 | Empirical Research

Structural Home Environment Effects on Developmental Trajectories of Self-Control and Adolescent Risk Taking

Auteurs: Christopher Holmes, Alexis Brieant, Rachel Kahn, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2019

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Abstract

Extant literature has demonstrated that self-control is critical for health and adjustment in adolescence. Questions remain regarding whether there are individuals that may be most vulnerable to impaired self-control development and whether aspects of the structural home environment may predict membership in these subgroups, as well as the behavioral consequences of impaired self-control trajectories. The present study utilized growth mixture modeling and data from 1083 individuals (50% female, 82% White) from age 8.5 to 15 years to identify four latent classes of self-control development. Additionally, higher household chaos and lower socioeconomic status at age 8.5 were associated with maladaptive trajectories of self-control at ages 8.5–11.5. In turn, maladaptive self-control trajectories at ages 8.5–11.5 were associated with higher risk taking at age 15. The results highlight the importance of increased structure and support for at-risk youth.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Structural Home Environment Effects on Developmental Trajectories of Self-Control and Adolescent Risk Taking
Auteurs
Christopher Holmes
Alexis Brieant
Rachel Kahn
Kirby Deater-Deckard
Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Publicatiedatum
03-09-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2019
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0921-7