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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2/2006

01-04-2006

Stressors, Quality of the Child–Caregiver Relationship, and Children's Mental Health Problems After Parental Death: The Mediating Role of Self-System Beliefs

Auteurs: Sharlene A. Wolchik, Jenn-Yun Tein, Irwin N. Sandler, Tim S. Ayers

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 2/2006

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Abstract

Investigated whether three self-system beliefs, fear of abandonment, coping efficacy, and self-esteem, mediated the relations of stressors and caregiver–child relationship quality with concurrent and prospective internalizing and externalizing problems in a sample of children who had experienced parental death in the previous 2.5 years. The cross-sectional sample consisted of 340 children ages 7–16 and their surviving parent/current caregiver; the longitudinal analyses employed a subset of this sample that consisted of 100 children and their parents/caregivers who were assessed at three time points. A multirater, multimethod measure of caregiver–child relationship quality and a multirater measure of children's mental health problems were used. The cross-sectional model supported a mediational relation for fear of abandonment, coping efficacy, and self-esteem. The three-wave longitudinal model showed that fear of abandonment at Time 2 mediated the relation between stressors at Time 1 and internalizing and externalizing problems at Time 3. Implications of these findings for understanding the development of mental health problems in parentally bereaved children and designing interventions for this at-risk group are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
A latent variable approach was not used due to a very low ratio of participants to parameters in the models tested (Bentler & Chou, 1988).
 
2
A latent variable approach was not used due to a very low ratio of participants to parameters in the models tested (Bentler & Chou, 1988).
 
3
The error terms for the same reporters were correlated in the model. The correlation of caregiver reports of internalizing and externalizing was .46. The correlation of child reports of internalizing and externalizing was .36. The loadings of caregiver and child reports of internalizing on the overall internalizing factor were .48 and .49, respectively. The loadings of caregiver and child reports of externalizing on the overall externalizing factor were .54 and .53, respectively. The correlation of cross-reporter measures of internalizing and externalizing was .58.
 
4
As convention for model fit, for both the cross-sectional and longitudinal models, all Time 1 variables were treated as correlated. However, for the simplicity of presentation, these correlations were omitted from the figures of the longitudinal models. The estimated correlations were consistent with those shown in Table IV.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Stressors, Quality of the Child–Caregiver Relationship, and Children's Mental Health Problems After Parental Death: The Mediating Role of Self-System Beliefs
Auteurs
Sharlene A. Wolchik
Jenn-Yun Tein
Irwin N. Sandler
Tim S. Ayers
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2006
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 2/2006
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-005-9016-5