Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 3/2015

01-06-2015 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Staying in the Moment and Finding Purpose: The Associations of Trait Mindfulness, Decentering, and Purpose in Life with Depressive Symptoms, Anxiety Symptoms, and Alcohol-Related Problems

Auteurs: Matthew R. Pearson, David B. Brown, Adrian J. Bravo, Katie Witkiewitz

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 3/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study examined the associations between trait mindfulness and depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms (i.e., worry), and alcohol-related problems via decentering and purpose in life. Using structural equation modeling in a large sample of college students (N = 1,277), we found support for decentering and purpose in life as partial mediators of the associations between trait mindfulness and these outcomes. Although our findings should be viewed as preliminary given the cross-sectional study design and study population, our results are consistent with the notion that decentering and purpose in life may be mechanisms explaining the health beneficial effects of mindfulness. Future research studies with extensive assessments of potential mechanisms using experimental and longitudinal designs are needed to bolster confidence that decentering and purpose in life are important mechanisms explaining the health-promoting effects of mindfulness.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Baer, R. A. (Ed.). (2010). Assessing mindfulness and acceptance processes in clients. Oakland: New Harbinger. Baer, R. A. (Ed.). (2010). Assessing mindfulness and acceptance processes in clients. Oakland: New Harbinger.
go back to reference Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2004). Perils and promise in defining and measuring mindfulness: Observations from experience. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 242–248. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy.​bph078. Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2004). Perils and promise in defining and measuring mindfulness: Observations from experience. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 242–248. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy.​bph078.
go back to reference Carmody, J., Baer, R. A., Lykins, B., & Olendzki, N. (2009). An empirical study of the mechanisms of mindfulness in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 613–626. doi: 10.​1002/​jclp.​20579. CrossRefPubMed Carmody, J., Baer, R. A., Lykins, B., & Olendzki, N. (2009). An empirical study of the mechanisms of mindfulness in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 613–626. doi: 10.​1002/​jclp.​20579. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Ekholm, E. (2004). Influence of the recall period on self-reported alcohol intake. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58, 60–63. CrossRefPubMed Ekholm, E. (2004). Influence of the recall period on self-reported alcohol intake. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58, 60–63. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Fresco, D. M., Moore, M. T., Van Dulmen, M. H. M., Segal, Z. V., Ma, S. H., Teasdale, J. D., & Williams, J. M. G. (2007). Initial psychometric properties of the experiences questionnaire: Validation of a self-report measure of decentering. Behavior Therapy, 38, 234–246. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​beth.​2006.​08.​003. CrossRefPubMed Fresco, D. M., Moore, M. T., Van Dulmen, M. H. M., Segal, Z. V., Ma, S. H., Teasdale, J. D., & Williams, J. M. G. (2007). Initial psychometric properties of the experiences questionnaire: Validation of a self-report measure of decentering. Behavior Therapy, 38, 234–246. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​beth.​2006.​08.​003. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Germer, C. K., Siegel, R. D., & Fulton, P. R. (2005). Mindfulness and psychotherapy. New York: Guilford. Germer, C. K., Siegel, R. D., & Fulton, P. R. (2005). Mindfulness and psychotherapy. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6, 1–55. doi: 10.​1080/​1070551990954011​8. CrossRef Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6, 1–55. doi: 10.​1080/​1070551990954011​8. CrossRef
go back to reference Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: User’s guide. Chicago: Scientific Software. Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: User’s guide. Chicago: Scientific Software.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 33–47. doi: 10.​1016/​0163-8343(82)90026-3. CrossRefPubMed Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 33–47. doi: 10.​1016/​0163-8343(82)90026-3. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion Books. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion Books.
go back to reference Kahler, C. W., Strong, D. R., & Read, J. P. (2005). Toward efficient and comprehensive measurement of the alcohol problems continuum in college students: The brief young adult alcohol consequences questionnaire. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 29, 1180–1189. doi: 10.​1097/​01.​ALC.​0000171940.​95813.​A5. CrossRef Kahler, C. W., Strong, D. R., & Read, J. P. (2005). Toward efficient and comprehensive measurement of the alcohol problems continuum in college students: The brief young adult alcohol consequences questionnaire. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 29, 1180–1189. doi: 10.​1097/​01.​ALC.​0000171940.​95813.​A5. CrossRef
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford. Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Muthén, L.K., Muthén, B.O. (1998–2012). Mplus user’s guide, 7th edn. Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén. Muthén, L.K., Muthén, B.O. (1998–2012). Mplus user’s guide, 7th edn. Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple meditation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 717–731. doi: 10.​3758/​BF03206553. CrossRef Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple meditation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 717–731. doi: 10.​3758/​BF03206553. CrossRef
go back to reference Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford. Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2002). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A new approach to preventing relapse. New York: Guilford.
Metagegevens
Titel
Staying in the Moment and Finding Purpose: The Associations of Trait Mindfulness, Decentering, and Purpose in Life with Depressive Symptoms, Anxiety Symptoms, and Alcohol-Related Problems
Auteurs
Matthew R. Pearson
David B. Brown
Adrian J. Bravo
Katie Witkiewitz
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 3/2015
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-014-0300-8