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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 2/2015

01-04-2015 | ORIGINAL PAPER

State Mindfulness During Meditation Predicts Enhanced Cognitive Reappraisal

Auteurs: Eric L. Garland, Adam Hanley, Norman A. Farb, Brett Froeliger

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 2/2015

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Abstract

Putatively, mindfulness meditation involves the generation of a state of “nonappraisal,” yet, little is known about how mindfulness may influence appraisal processes. We investigated whether the state and practice of mindfulness could enhance cognitive reappraisal. Participants (N = 44; M age = 24.44, SD = 4.00, range 19–38, 82.2 % female) were randomized to either (1) mindfulness, (2) suppression, or (3) mind wandering induction training conditions. Cognitive reappraisal was assessed with the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) prior to experimental induction, and state mindfulness was assessed immediately following induction using the Toronto Mindfulness Scale. Participants practiced their assigned strategy for 1 week and then were reassessed with the ERQ reappraisal subscale. Participants receiving mindfulness training reported significantly higher levels of state mindfulness than participants in the thought suppression and mind wandering conditions. Although brief mindfulness training did not lead to significantly greater increases in reappraisal than the other two conditions, state mindfulness during mindfulness meditation was prospectively associated with increases in reappraisal. Path analysis revealed that the indirect effect between mindfulness training and reappraisal was significant through state mindfulness. Degree of state mindfulness achieved during the act of mindfulness meditation significantly predicted increases in reappraisal over time, suggesting that mindfulness may promote emotion regulation by enhancing cognitive reappraisal.
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Metagegevens
Titel
State Mindfulness During Meditation Predicts Enhanced Cognitive Reappraisal
Auteurs
Eric L. Garland
Adam Hanley
Norman A. Farb
Brett Froeliger
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 2/2015
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-013-0250-6