Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths’ school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths’ developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education, school misbehavior, and extracurricular activity participation). The cohort-sequential study consisted of 3,312 African American and White youth (50% female) who were surveyed over three and a half years, including the transition to high school. The results reveal significant changes in the outcomes from sixth to twelfth grade. For example, on average, school misbehavior increased over time while perceived school belonging decreased over time. Gender and race differences emerged; African American youth reported placing higher importance on education and less participation in school activities than White youth. The discussion focuses on the importance of examining rural adolescents’ educational pathways during the high school transition.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Akos, P., & Galassi, J. P. (2004). Gender and race as variables in psychosocial adjustment to middle and high school. Journal of Educational Research, 98(2), 102–108. CrossRef
Barber, B. K., & Olsen, J. A. (2004). Assessing the transition to middle and high school. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19(1), 3–30. CrossRef
Benner, A. D., & Graham, S. (2007). Navigating the transition to multi-ethnic urban high schools: Changing ethnic congruence and adolescents’ school-related affect. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 17(1), 207–220. CrossRef
Bryk, A. S., & Raudenbush, S. W. (1992). Hierarchical linear models in social and behavioral research: Applications and data analysis methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Cillessen, A. H. N., & Mayeux, L. (2007). Expectations and perceptions at school transitions: The role of peer status and aggression. Journal of School Psychology, 45(5), 567–586. CrossRef
Crockett, L. J., & Bingham, C. R. (2000). Anticipating adulthood: Expected timing of work and family transitions among rural youth. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 10(2), 151–172. CrossRef
Ding, C. (2008). Variations in academic performance trajectories during high school transition: Exploring change profiles via multidimensional scaling growth profile analysis. Educational Research and Evaluation, 14(4), 305–319. CrossRef
Elder, G. H. (1998). The life course as developmental theory. Child Development, 69(1), 1–12. PubMed
Ennett, S. T., Bauman, K. E., Hussong, A., Faris, R., Foshee, V. A., DuRant, R. H., et al. (2006). The peer context of adolescent substance use: Findings from social network analysis. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16(2), 159–186. CrossRef
Estell, D. B., Farmer, T. W., Irvin, M. J., Thompson, J. H., & Hutchins, B. C. (2007). Patterns of middle school adjustment and ninth grade adaptation of rural African American youth: Grades and substance use. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36(4), 477–487. CrossRef
Gifford, V. D., & Dean, M. M. (1990). Difference in extracurricular activity participation, achievement and attitudes toward school between ninth grade students attending junior high school and those attending senior high school. Adolescence, 25(100), 799–802. PubMed
Hill, N. E., & Witherspoon, D. P. (in press). Race, ethnicity, SES, and social development. In M. K. Underwood & L. H. Rosen (Eds.), Handbook of social development.
Ho, A. Y. (2009). Adjustment and achievement of ethnically diverse, urban adolescents across the transition to high school. Unpublished dissertation.
Huebner, A. J., & Mancini, J. A. (2003). Shaping structured out-of-school time use among youth: The effects of self, family, and friend systems. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32(6), 453–463. CrossRef
Ingels, S. J., & Scott, L. A. (2004). The high school sophomore class of 2002: A demographic description. (First results from the base year of the education longitudinal study of 2002). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics. (NCES 2004371).
Irvin, M. J., Meece, J. L., Byun, S., Farmer, T. W., & Hutchins, B. (2010). Schooling influences on rural youth’s educational aspirations. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence. Philadelphia, PA.
Kerpelman, J. L., Eryigit, S., & Stephens, C. J. (2008). African American adolescents’ future orientation: Associations with self-efficacy, ethnic identity, and perceived parental support. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37(8), 997–1008. CrossRef
Kuha, J. (2004). AIC and BIC: Comparisons of assumption and performance. Sociological Methods and Research, 33(2), 188–249. CrossRef
Langenkamp, A. G. (2010). Academic vulnerability and resilience during the transition to high school: The role of social relationships and district context. Sociology of Education, 83(1), 1–19. CrossRef
Linville, D. C., & Huebner, A. J. (2005). The analysis of extracurricular activities and their relationship to youth violence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(5), 483–492. CrossRef
MacBrayne, P. S. (1987). Educational and occupational aspirations of rural youth: A review of the literature. Research in Rural Education, 4(3), 135–141.
Mahoney, J. L., Cairns, B. D., & Farmer, T. W. (2003). Promoting interpersonal competence and educational success through extracurricular participation. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(2), 409–418. CrossRef
McLoyd, V. C., Kaplan, R., & Purtell, K. M. (in press). Assessing the effects of a work-based antipoverty program for parents on youth’s future orientation and employment experiences. Child Development.
McLoyd, V. C., Kaplan, R., Purtell, K. M., Bagley, E., Hardaway, C. R., & Smalls, C. (2009). Poverty and socioeconomic disadvantage in adolescence. In R. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent psychology (3rd ed., pp. 444–491). New York: Wiley.
Meece, J. L., & Farmer, T. W. (2009). Findings of the rural high school aspirations study. Poster presented at the annual research conference of the Institute of Education Sciences. U.S. Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Mello, Z. R. (2009). Racial/ethnic group and socioeconomic status variation in educational and occupational expectations from adolescence to adulthood. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30(4), 494–504. CrossRef
Mello, Z. R., & Swanson, D. P. (2007). Gender differences in African American adolescent’ personal educational and occupational expectations and perceptions of neighborhood quality. Journal of Black Psychology, 33(2), 150–168. CrossRef
Murdock, T. B., Anderman, L. H., & Hodge, S. A. (2000). Middle-grade predictors of students’ motivation and behavior in high school. Journal of Adolescent Research, 15(3), 327–351. CrossRef
Newman, B. M., Lohman, B. J., Newman, P. R., Myers, M. C., & Smith, V. L. (2000). Experiences of urban youth navigating the transition to ninth grade. Youth and Society, 31(4), 387–416. CrossRef
Newman, B. M., Neman, P. R., Griffen, S., O’Connor, K., & Spas, J. (2007). The relationship of social support to depressive symptoms during the transition to high school. Adolescence, 42(167), 441–459. PubMed
Perry, C. M., & McIntire, W. G. (2001). School connection as school reform in rural schools. The School Community Journal, 11(2), 57–64.
Pew Hispanic Center. (2010). Demographic profile of Hispanics in North Carolina, 2008. Retrieved June 30, from http://pewhispanic.org/states/?stateid=NC.
Pew Research Center. (2009). Between two worlds: How young Latinos come of age in America. Retrieved June 30, from http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/117.pdf.
Poole, D. L. (2005). Participation of rural youth in higher education: Factors, strategies, and innovations. Retrieved from texas rural communities website: http://www.texasrural.org/education_frameset.html.
Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interaction effects in multiple linear regression, multilevel modeling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31(4), 437–448. CrossRef
Provasnik, S., KewalRamani, A., Coleman, M. M., Gilbertson, L., Herring, W., & Xie, Q. (2007). Status of education in rural America. Washington, DC: Department of Education. (NCES 2007-040).
Rafferty, A. E. (1995). Bayesian model selection in social research. Sociological Methodology, 25, 111–163. CrossRef
Ricketts, T. C., Johnson-Webb, K. D., & Randolph, R. K. (1999). Populations and places in rural America. In T. C. Ricketts (Ed.), Rural health in the United States (pp. 7–24). New York: Oxford University Press.
Roderick, M. (2003). What’s happening to the boys? Early high school experiences and school outcomes among African American male adolescents in Chicago. Urban Education, 38(5), 538–607. CrossRef
Snyder, A. R. (2010). Trajectories of educational aspirations during the adolescent years. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence . Philadelphia, PA.
Snyder, A. R., & McLaughlin, D. K. (2004). Risky behaviors affecting rural adolescents’ health. In N. Glasgow, L. W. Morton, & N. E. Johnson (Eds.), Critical issues in rural health (pp. 89–100). Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing.
Stanley, L. R., Comello, M. L. G., Edwards, R. W., & Marquart, B. S. (2008). School adjustment in rural and urban communities: Do students from “Timbuktu” differ from their “City Slicker” peers? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 37(2), 225–238. CrossRef
Strayhorn, T. L. (2009). Different folks, different hopes: The educational aspirations of black males in urban, suburban, and rural high schools. Urban Education, 44(6), 710–731. CrossRef
U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). Profile of general demographic characteristics: 2000. Retrieved from http://censtats.census.gov/data/NC/.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau. (2005). The National survey of children’s health 2003. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Weiss, C. C., & Bearman, P. S. (2007). Fresh starts: Reinvestigating the effects of the transition to high school on student outcomes. American Journal of Education, 113(3), 395–421. CrossRef
West, B. T., Welch, K. B., & Galecki, A. T. (2007). Linear mixed models: A practical guide using statistical software. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group.
Wettersten, K. B., Guilmino, A., Herrick, C. G., Hunter, P. J., Kim, G. Y., Jagow, D., et al. (2005). Predicting educational and vocational attitudes among rural high school students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 658–663. CrossRef
Xie, H., Mahoney, J. L., & Cairns, R. B. (1999). Through a looking glass or a hall of mirrors: Self-ratings and teacher ratings of academic competence over development. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 23(1), 163–183. CrossRef
- Stability and Change in Rural Youths’ Educational Outcomes Through the Middle and High School Years
- Springer US