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20-06-2017 | Original Paper | Uitgave 9/2017 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2017

Speaker-Versus Listener-Oriented Disfluency: A Re-examination of Arguments and Assumptions from Autism Spectrum Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 9/2017
Auteurs:
Paul E. Engelhardt, Oliver Alfridijanta, Mhairi E. G. McMullon, Martin Corley
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10803-017-3215-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

We re-evaluate conclusions about disfluency production in high-functioning forms of autism spectrum disorder (HFA). Previous studies examined individuals with HFA to address a theoretical question regarding speaker- and listener-oriented disfluencies. Individuals with HFA tend to be self-centric and have poor pragmatic language skills, and should be less likely to produce listener-oriented disfluency. However, previous studies did not account for individual differences variables that affect disfluency. We show that both matched and unmatched controls produce fewer repairs than individuals with HFA. For silent pauses, there was no difference between matched controls and HFA, but both groups produced more than unmatched controls. These results identify limitations in prior research and shed light on the relationship between autism spectrum disorders and disfluent speech.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 40 KB)
10803_2017_3215_MOESM1_ESM.doc
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