Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Depression inventories contain somatic items which may be related to disease rather than to depression in individuals with chronic illness. Adolescents with type 1 diabetes (n = 151) and medically well controls (n = 68) completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) which includes somatic and cognitive/affective symptoms. Diabetes patients reported higher levels of all depressive symptoms than controls; the discrepancy was equivalent for somatic and cognitive/affective symptoms. For diabetes patients, somatic and cognitive/affective symptoms did not correlate with indices of disease control except for number of diabetes-related hospitalizations, where the correlations were equivalent. In participants with diabetes and in controls, somatic and cognitive/affective symptoms were strongly correlated with each other. These findings were not moderated by level of depressive symptoms. Our study suggests that the somatic items on the CES-D do not confound the measurement of depressive symptoms in young people with type 1 diabetes.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Barsky, A. J., Goodson, J. D., Lane, R. S., & Cleary, P. D. (1988). The amplification of somatic symptoms. Psychosomatic Medicine, 50, 510–519. PubMed
Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961). An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561–571. PubMed
Canning, E. H., & Kelleher, K. J. (1994). Performance of screening tools for mental health problems in chronically ill children. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 148, 272–278.
Garrison, C. Z., Addy, C. L., Jackson, K. L., McKeown, R. E., & Waller, J. L. (1991). The CES-D as a screen for depression and other psychiatric disorders in adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 646–691.
Grey, M., Whittemore, R., & Tamborlane, W. (2001). Depression in type 1 diabetes in children: Natural history and correlates. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 53, 907–911. CrossRef
Hirschfeld, M. A., & Cross, C. K. (1982). Epidemiology of affective disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 39, 35–46. PubMed
Kandel, D. B., & Davies, M. (1986). Adult sequelae of adolescent depressive symptoms. Archives of General Psychiatry, 43, 255–262. PubMed
Kodl, C. T., & Seaquist, E. R. (2008). Cognitive dysfunction and diabetes mellitus. Endocrinology Review, 29, 494–511. CrossRef
Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI). New York: MH Systems.
Kovacs, M., Feinberg, T., Crouse-Novak, M., Paulauskas, S., & Finkelstein, R. (1984). Depressive disorders in childhood. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 229–237. PubMed
Lustman, P., Freedland, K., Carney, R., Hong, B., & Clouse, R. (1992). Similarity of depression in diabetic and psychiatric patients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 54, 602–611. PubMed
Lustman, P. J., Clouse, R. E., Griffith, L. S., Carney, R. E., & Freedland, K. (1997). Screening for depression in diabetes using the Beck Depression Inventory. Psychosomatic Medicine, 59, 24–31. PubMed
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401. CrossRef
Radloff, L. S. (1991). The use of the Center for Epidemiological Studies—Depression Scale in adolescents and young adults. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 20, 149–166. CrossRef
Stewart, S. M., Lewinsohn, P., Lee, P. W. H., Ho, L. M., Kennard, B. D., Hughes, C. W., et al. (2002). Symptom patterns in depression and “subthreshold” depression among adolescents in Hong Kong and the United States. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 33, 559–576. CrossRef
Strober, M., & Carlson, G. (1982). Bipolar illness in adolescents with major depression: Clinical, genetic, and psychopharmacologic predictors in a three-to-four-year prospective follow-up investigation. Archives of General Psychiatry, 39, 549–555. PubMed
- Somatic items in the assessment of depressive symptoms in pediatric patients with diabetes
Sunita M. Stewart
Perrin C. White
- Springer US