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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2007

01-04-2007 | Original Paper

Sociodemographic Risk Factors for Autism in a US Metropolitan Area

Auteurs: Tanya Karapurkar Bhasin, Diana Schendel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2007

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Abstract

The present study examined the association between autism and sociodemographic factors, overall and in subgroups of children with autism with and without mental retardation (Autism/MR and Autism/No MR, respectively); the association was further examined in subanalyses by child’s source of ascertainment to assess the presence of ascertainment bias. In the main analyses, one marker of higher social class (higher median family income) was significantly associated with autism overall. Both markers of higher social class (higher maternal education and higher median family income) were significantly associated with autism/no MR, but not associated with autism/MR. In the subanalyses, associations with social class varied by ascertainment source. Future studies should consider phenotypic subgroups of children with autism and must consider potential ascertainment bias.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Sociodemographic Risk Factors for Autism in a US Metropolitan Area
Auteurs
Tanya Karapurkar Bhasin
Diana Schendel
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0194-y