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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2015

01-06-2015 | Original Paper

Sociodemographic Barriers to Early Detection of Autism: Screening and Evaluation Using the M-CHAT, M-CHAT-R, and Follow-Up

Auteurs: Meena K. Khowaja, Ann P. Hazzard, Diana L. Robins

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2015

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Abstract

Parents (n = 11,845) completed the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (or its latest revision) at pediatric visits. Using sociodemographic predictors of maternal education and race, binary logistic regressions were utilized to examine differences in autism screening, diagnostic evaluation participation rates and outcomes, and reasons for non-participation. Families of lower maternal education and racial minorities exhibited inflated initial screen positive rates and lower participation at Follow-Up, although not at the evaluation. Economic challenges, such as invalid phone numbers, were identified as barriers to reaching these families. Families of higher education and White race were more likely to decline participation in evaluation. Results suggest the need for increased public education about childhood development to enhance awareness, reduce stigma, and streamline screening.
Voetnoten
1
The original M-CHAT and the revised M-CHAT-R are referred to together as M-CHAT(-R) throughout this article.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Sociodemographic Barriers to Early Detection of Autism: Screening and Evaluation Using the M-CHAT, M-CHAT-R, and Follow-Up
Auteurs
Meena K. Khowaja
Ann P. Hazzard
Diana L. Robins
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2339-8