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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 1/2017

24-08-2016

Social Skills Mediate the Association of ADHD and Depression in Preadolescents

Auteurs: Jason S. Feldman, Irene Tung, Steve S. Lee

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 1/2017

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Abstract

Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a replicated risk factor for depression, but the explanatory factors underlying this association have not been reliably identified. Given that social skills (i.e., cooperation, assertion, responsibility, self-control) are sensitive to early ADHD and predict later depression, we tested whether individual differences in social skills individually and collectively mediated predictions of depressive symptoms from early ADHD symptoms. In an ethnically diverse (50 % non-Caucasian) sample of 232 children with (n = 124) and without ADHD (n = 108) followed prospectively for two years (aged 5–10 at Wave 1; 7–12 at Wave 2), we gathered multi-informant (i.e., parent, teacher) and multi-method (e.g., rating scale, structured interview) assessment of key constructs. Using a multiple mediation framework with bootstrapping and statistical control of sex, Wave 1 depression, Wave 1 oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), Wave 1 anxiety, and Wave 2 ADHD symptoms, an independent mediation effect emerged for parent-rated self-control in the prediction of Wave 2 depression (parent-rated) from Wave 1 ADHD symptoms (combined parent and teacher ratings). Teacher-rated social skills at Wave 1 also collectively mediated this association, with teacher-rated assertion emerging as a unique mediator. We discuss the role of social skills in emergent depression among youth with ADHD and consider implications for prevention and intervention.

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Voetnoten
1
The responsibility factor is not present on the teacher version of the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Social Skills Mediate the Association of ADHD and Depression in Preadolescents
Auteurs
Jason S. Feldman
Irene Tung
Steve S. Lee
Publicatiedatum
24-08-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 1/2017
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-016-9569-3