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01-05-2009 | Uitgave 4/2009

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2009

Social Information Processing in Elementary-School Aged Children with ADHD: Medication Effects and Comparisons with Typical Children

Tijdschrift:
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology > Uitgave 4/2009
Auteurs:
Sara King, Daniel A. Waschbusch, William E. Pelham Jr, Bradley W. Frankland, Brendan F. Andrade, Sophie Jacques, Penny V. Corkum
Belangrijke opmerkingen
This work was supported by an NSHRF Student Research Award awarded to Dr. King. During the preparation of this manuscript, Dr. Pelham was supported in part by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health (MH53554, MH069614. MH069434, MH078051, MH080791, MH064154), National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (AA11873), National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA12414), Department of Education—Institute of Educational Sciences (L03000665A, R324B060045, R324J060024), Department of Health and Human Services—Administration for Children and Families (90YR0017/01), and by Eli Lilly Corporation. Dr. Waschbusch was also supported by some of these grants.

Abstract

Examined social information processing (SIP) in medicated and unmedicated children with ADHD and in controls. Participants were 75 children (56 boys, 19 girls) aged 6–12 years, including 41 children with ADHD and 34 controls. Children were randomized into medication conditions such that 20 children with ADHD participated after receiving placebo and 21 participated after receiving methylphenidate (MPH). Children were shown scenarios depicting peer interactions and asked to interpret each scenario and to generate possible responses to the scenario. Results showed that children with ADHD who received MPH generated more hostile responses to provocation than controls, but children with ADHD on placebo did not. Results also showed that children with ADHD regardless of medication generated more hostile responses to provocation than to peer entry, whereas controls did not. Findings suggest that children with ADHD generate more aggressive responses to provocation than controls and that this may be exacerbated by administration of MPH. Limitations and future directions are discussed.

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