Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2017

09-08-2016 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Social Foundations of Mindfulness: Priming Attachment Anxiety Reduces Emotion Regulation and Mindful Attention

Auteurs: Sarah Melen, Christopher A. Pepping, Analise O’Donovan

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Recent evidence indicates that mindfulness is associated with adult attachment, such that individuals with a secure attachment style also tend to be more mindful. In the present experiment, we extend prior cross-sectional research by examining whether priming attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance) leads to a decrease in state mindfulness and whether this is mediated by decreased state emotion regulation. Priming attachment anxiety led to a decrease in state emotion regulation which, in turn, was associated with decreased state mindfulness. That is, when individuals experience heightened anxiety about relationships and abandonment, they experience difficulties in the regulation of emotion, which reduces capacity for mindfulness. No such effects were found for priming attachment avoidance. Results of the present research provide experimental evidence that attachment anxiety may be related to low mindfulness via difficulties in emotion regulation and provides some preliminary evidence of the social foundations of mindfulness.
Literatuur
go back to reference Bartz, J., & Lydon, J. (2004). Close relationships and the working self-concept: implicit and explicit effects of priming attachment on agency and communion. Personality and Social Psychology Bullentin, 30(11), 1389–1401. doi: 10.​1177/​0146167204264245​. CrossRef Bartz, J., & Lydon, J. (2004). Close relationships and the working self-concept: implicit and explicit effects of priming attachment on agency and communion. Personality and Social Psychology Bullentin, 30(11), 1389–1401. doi: 10.​1177/​0146167204264245​. CrossRef
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and Loss: Separation: Anxiety and Anger (Vol. 2). New York, NY: Basic Books Branstrom, Kvillemo, Brandberg & Moskowitz, 2010 Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and Loss: Separation: Anxiety and Anger (Vol. 2). New York, NY: Basic Books Branstrom, Kvillemo, Brandberg & Moskowitz, 2010
go back to reference Catanzaro, S., & Mearns, J. (1990). Measuring generalised expectancies for negative mood regulation: initial scale development and implications. Journal of Personality Assessment, 54(3-4), 546–563. CrossRefPubMed Catanzaro, S., & Mearns, J. (1990). Measuring generalised expectancies for negative mood regulation: initial scale development and implications. Journal of Personality Assessment, 54(3-4), 546–563. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Creasey, G., Kershaw, K., & Boston, A. (1999). Conflict management with friends and romantic partners: the role of attachment and negative mood regulation expectancies. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 28(5), 523–543. doi: 10.​1023/​a:​1021650525419. CrossRef Creasey, G., Kershaw, K., & Boston, A. (1999). Conflict management with friends and romantic partners: the role of attachment and negative mood regulation expectancies. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 28(5), 523–543. doi: 10.​1023/​a:​1021650525419. CrossRef
go back to reference Germer, C., Siegel, P., & Fulton, P. (2005). Mindfulness and Psychotherapy. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Germer, C., Siegel, P., & Fulton, P. (2005). Mindfulness and Psychotherapy. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Gratz, K., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: development, factor structure, and initial validation of the differences in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioural Assessment, 26(1), 41–54. CrossRef Gratz, K., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: development, factor structure, and initial validation of the differences in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioural Assessment, 26(1), 41–54. CrossRef
go back to reference Hayes, A. (2013). Introduction to Mediation, Moderation and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Hayes, A. (2013). Introduction to Mediation, Moderation and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hayes, A. M., & Feldman, G. (2004). Clarifying the construct of mindfulness in the context of emotion regulation and the process of change in therapy. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 255–262. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy/​bph080. Hayes, A. M., & Feldman, G. (2004). Clarifying the construct of mindfulness in the context of emotion regulation and the process of change in therapy. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 255–262. doi: 10.​1093/​clipsy/​bph080.
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life. New York: Hyperion. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life. New York: Hyperion.
go back to reference MacKinnon, D., Johnson, A., Pentz, M., Dwyer, J., Hansen, W., Flay, B., & Wang, E. (1991). Mediating mechanisms in a school-based drug prevention program: first-year effects of the midwestern prevention project. Health Psychology, 10(3), 164–172. CrossRefPubMed MacKinnon, D., Johnson, A., Pentz, M., Dwyer, J., Hansen, W., Flay, B., & Wang, E. (1991). Mediating mechanisms in a school-based drug prevention program: first-year effects of the midwestern prevention project. Health Psychology, 10(3), 164–172. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. (2007a). Adult Attachment: Structure, Dynamics and Change. New York: The Guilford University Press. Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. (2007a). Adult Attachment: Structure, Dynamics and Change. New York: The Guilford University Press.
go back to reference Pepping, C. A., & Halford, W. K. (2016). Mindfulness and couple relationships. In Mindfulness and Buddhist-Derived Approaches in Mental Health and Addiction (pp. 391–411). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. CrossRef Pepping, C. A., & Halford, W. K. (2016). Mindfulness and couple relationships. In Mindfulness and Buddhist-Derived Approaches in Mental Health and Addiction (pp. 391–411). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. CrossRef
go back to reference Pepping, C. A., O’Donovan, A., Zimmer-Gembeck, & Hanisch, M. (2014a). Is emotion regulation the process underlying the relationship between low mindfulness and psychosocial distress? Australian Journal of Psychology, 66, 130–138. doi: 10.​1111/​ajpy.​12050. CrossRef Pepping, C. A., O’Donovan, A., Zimmer-Gembeck, & Hanisch, M. (2014a). Is emotion regulation the process underlying the relationship between low mindfulness and psychosocial distress? Australian Journal of Psychology, 66, 130–138. doi: 10.​1111/​ajpy.​12050. CrossRef
go back to reference Pepping, C. A., O’Donovan, A., & Davis, P. J. (2014b). The differential relationship between mindfulness and attachment in experienced and inexperienced meditators. Mindfulness, 5, 392–399. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-012-0193-3. CrossRef Pepping, C. A., O’Donovan, A., & Davis, P. J. (2014b). The differential relationship between mindfulness and attachment in experienced and inexperienced meditators. Mindfulness, 5, 392–399. doi: 10.​1007/​s12671-012-0193-3. CrossRef
go back to reference Pepping, C. A., Davis, P. J., & O’Donovan, A. (2016). Mindfulness for cultivating self-esteem. In Mindfulness and Buddhist-Derived Approaches in Mental Health and Addiction (pp. 259–275). Springer International Publishing: Switzerland. CrossRef Pepping, C. A., Davis, P. J., & O’Donovan, A. (2016). Mindfulness for cultivating self-esteem. In Mindfulness and Buddhist-Derived Approaches in Mental Health and Addiction (pp. 259–275). Springer International Publishing: Switzerland. CrossRef
go back to reference Rowe, A., Carnelley, K., Harwood, J., Micklewright, D., Russouw, L., Rennie, C., & Liossi, C. (2012). The effect of attachment orientation priming on pain sensitivity in pain-free individuals. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 29, 488–507. doi: 10.​1177/​0265407511431189​. CrossRef Rowe, A., Carnelley, K., Harwood, J., Micklewright, D., Russouw, L., Rennie, C., & Liossi, C. (2012). The effect of attachment orientation priming on pain sensitivity in pain-free individuals. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 29, 488–507. doi: 10.​1177/​0265407511431189​. CrossRef
go back to reference Sahdra, B. K., Shaver, P. R., & Brown, K. W. (2010). A scale to measure nonattachment: A Buddhist complement to Western research on attachment and adaptive functioning. Journal of personality assessment, 92(2), 116–127. doi: 10.​1080/​0022389090342596​0. Sahdra, B. K., Shaver, P. R., & Brown, K. W. (2010). A scale to measure nonattachment: A Buddhist complement to Western research on attachment and adaptive functioning. Journal of personality assessment, 92(2), 116–127. doi: 10.​1080/​0022389090342596​0.
go back to reference Shaver, P., & Mikulincer, M. (2009). Adult attachment strategies and the regulation of emotion. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 446–465). New York: Guilford Press. Shaver, P., & Mikulincer, M. (2009). Adult attachment strategies and the regulation of emotion. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation (pp. 446–465). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Walsh, J. J., Balint, M. G., Smolira, D. R., Frederickson, L. K., & Madsen, S. (2009). Predicting individual differences in mindfulness: the role of trait anxiety, attachment anxiety and attentional control. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 94–99. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​paid.​2008.​09.​008. CrossRef Walsh, J. J., Balint, M. G., Smolira, D. R., Frederickson, L. K., & Madsen, S. (2009). Predicting individual differences in mindfulness: the role of trait anxiety, attachment anxiety and attentional control. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 94–99. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​paid.​2008.​09.​008. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Social Foundations of Mindfulness: Priming Attachment Anxiety Reduces Emotion Regulation and Mindful Attention
Auteurs
Sarah Melen
Christopher A. Pepping
Analise O’Donovan
Publicatiedatum
09-08-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2017
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-016-0587-8