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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 3/2012

01-09-2012

Social Disconnection and Hazardous Drinking Mediate the Link Between Perfectionistic Attitudes and Depressive Symptoms

Auteurs: Simon B. Sherry, Paul L. Hewitt, Sherry H. Stewart, Anna L. Mackinnon, Aislin R. Mushquash, Gordon L. Flett, Dayna L. Sherry

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 3/2012

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Abstract

According to the perfectionism social disconnection model (PSDM), perfectionism leads to social disconnection (e.g., isolation, loneliness, and alienation) which brings about depressive symptoms. The present study extended the PSDM by testing a dual-pathway mediation model wherein social disconnection and hazardous drinking were hypothesized to explain why perfectionistic attitudes (e.g., intense self-criticism, evaluative concerns, and unrealistic goal-setting) result in depressive symptoms. A sample of 216 college students participated. The present study utilized a cross-sectional design and self-report questionnaires. The hypothesized model fit the data well, with social disconnection and hazardous drinking mediating the perfectionistic attitudes-depressive symptoms link. Students high in perfectionistic attitudes report feeling isolated, lonely, and alienated. To escape this powerful sense of not belonging, these students turn to alcohol in a self-destructive way. Suffering from the ill effects of social disconnection and hazardous drinking, students high in perfectionistic attitudes are vulnerable to depressive symptoms.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Social Disconnection and Hazardous Drinking Mediate the Link Between Perfectionistic Attitudes and Depressive Symptoms
Auteurs
Simon B. Sherry
Paul L. Hewitt
Sherry H. Stewart
Anna L. Mackinnon
Aislin R. Mushquash
Gordon L. Flett
Dayna L. Sherry
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 3/2012
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-012-9291-8