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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 2/2013

01-04-2013 | Original Article

Social Discomfort in Preadolescence: Predictors of Discrepancies between Preadolescents and Their Parents and Teachers

Auteurs: Kelly M. Tu, Stephen A. Erath

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 2/2013

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Abstract

The present study investigated whether salient preadolescent behaviors and experiences predicted parents’ and teachers’ underestimation of preadolescents’ shyness. Participants included a community sample of 129 fifth and sixth graders, along with one parent and teacher per preadolescent. Preadolescents, parents, and teachers provided reports about preadolescents’ shyness, and parents and teachers rated preadolescents’ prosocial and aggressive behaviors, peer victimization experiences, and academic performance. Results indicated that parent- and teacher-reported prosocial behavior, teacher-reported aggressive behavior, and parent-reported peer victimization were associated with lower parent and teacher reports of preadolescent shyness, relative to preadolescent reports, controlling for demographic variables and parent stress. Additionally, higher parent-reported academic performance was associated with lower teacher reports of preadolescent shyness, compared to preadolescent reports. These findings suggest that preadolescents with higher levels of relatively conspicuous behaviors and experiences feel more shyness than their parents and teachers report.
Voetnoten
1
Exploratory analyses were conducted separately among preadolescents who reported levels of social anxiety in the clinically significant (n = 36) and non-clinical (n = 87) range on the SAS-A [44, 45]. The pattern of results was very similar across clinical and non-clinical subgroups. Parent- and teacher-reported prosocial behaviors and teacher-reported aggressive behaviors similarly predicted lower parent and teacher reports of shyness, relative to preadolescent reports, among clinical and non-clinical preadolescents. Results with academic performance were also consistent across subgroups; parent- and teacher-reported academic performance did not significantly predict adult-preadolescent shyness discrepancies among clinical or non-clinical preadolescents. Only one result was inconsistent across subgroups. Among non-clinical preadolescents, parent-reported peer victimization predicted lower adult reports of shyness, relative to preadolescent reports; however, among clinical preadolescents, parent-reported peer victimization predicted higher parent-reported shyness, compared to preadolescent reports. This result is consistent with evidence that parents tend to report more problems in clinical samples than non-clinical samples [33].
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Social Discomfort in Preadolescence: Predictors of Discrepancies between Preadolescents and Their Parents and Teachers
Auteurs
Kelly M. Tu
Stephen A. Erath
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 2/2013
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-012-0319-9