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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1/2021

09-06-2020

Social Constraints and PTSD among Chinese American breast cancer survivors: not all kinds of social support provide relief

Auteurs: Qiao Chu, Celia C. Y. Wong, Qian Lu

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 1/2021

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Abstract

Research has demonstrated the association between social constraints and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among breast cancer survivors. Although perceived social support can buffer stress and improve emotional well-being, little is known about which type of social support is most effective in buffering the negative effects of social constraints among cancer survivors. We investigated the moderation of four types of social support (i.e., positive interaction, tangible support, emotional/informational support and affectionate support) on the association between social constraints and PTSD symptoms among Chinese American breast cancer survivors. One hundred and thirty-six Chinese American breast cancer survivors completed questionnaires that assessed social constraints, PTSD symptoms and perceived social support. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that only support of positive interaction exerted a buffering effect, with social constraints associated with greater PTSD severity among survivors with low but not high levels of support of positive interaction. In contrast, high levels of tangible support potentiated the association between social constraints and PTSD symptoms. There were no moderating effects of emotional/informational support and affectionate support. These results demonstrated the roles of different types of social support in moderating the stress imposed by social constraints. Our findings highlight the importance of recognizing the potential cultural sensitivity of ethnic minorities in PTSD intervention and mental health services for cancer patients.
Voetnoten
1
Among the enrolled 136 participants, 33 people (24.3%) indicated they did not have a spouse or partner when completing the Social Constraints Scale (that is, the experienced social constraints had come from their family or friends). To examine whether the association between social constraints and PTSD would depend on the person who conveys social constraining responses, we conducted a linear regression on PTSD, with social constraints, the sources of social constraints (spouse/partner vs. family/friend), and their interaction term as predictors. Household income was also added as a covariate. Results indicated that the association between social constraints and PTSD was not moderated by the sources of social constraints, t = 0.38, p = 0.70.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Social Constraints and PTSD among Chinese American breast cancer survivors: not all kinds of social support provide relief
Auteurs
Qiao Chu
Celia C. Y. Wong
Qian Lu
Publicatiedatum
09-06-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 1/2021
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-020-00165-y