Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
African American parents and children are embedded within diverse social networks that cut across social contexts. Using a concurrent mixed-method approach, this study explored mechanisms through which kinship- and community-based social capital (i.e., intergenerational closure) may be associated with children’s own competences at accessing social capital, as well as mothers’ perspectives on the social-relational processes adhered in intergenerational closure, and on its importance for parenting and socialization goals. Third-grade children (N = 149) and their mothers participated in structured home interviews, and a subsample of mothers (n = 10) participated in semi-structured qualitative interviews. Path analysis (LISREL) indicated that kinship-based intergenerational closure was positively associated with communication between mothers and children (e.g., peers and friendships, importance of talking, life lessons) which was positively associated with children’s self-efficacy in accessing intergenerational social resources (i.e., from adults). Community-based intergenerational closure was positively associated with parental community engagement. Parents involved in community organizations engaged in more parent-to-parent communication regarding parenting and childrearing issues. Greater communication between parents was positively associated with children’s self-efficacy. Qualitative analyses indicated that mothers cultivated intergenerational closure across social contexts, that supported parenting and reinforced values, norms, and socialization goals, relying on network processes as theorized by James Coleman. This study highlights the mechanisms that link kinship- and community-based social capital to child social competences, as well as African American mothers’ perspectives on the meanings of social relationships when there is intergenerational closure. Moreover, the study illustrates the applicability of Coleman’s theory among economically diverse, southern, African American families.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122–147. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.37.2.122. CrossRef
Bolin, B., Hackett, E. J., Harlan, S. L., Kirby, A., Larsen, L., Nelson, A., Rex, T. R., & Wolf, S. (2004). Bonding and bridging: understanding the relationship between social capital and civic action. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 24, 64–77. https://doi.org/10.1177/0739456X04267181. CrossRef
Burton, L. M., & Jarrett, R. L. (2000). In the mix, yet on the margins: the place of families in urban neighborhood and child development research. Journal of Marriage & Family, 62(4), 1114–1135. CrossRef
Burton, L. M., Obeidallah, D. O., & Allison, K. (1996). Ethnographic perspectives on social context and adolescent development among inner-city African American teens. In Jessor, R., Colby, A., & Shweder, R. (Eds.), Essays on ethnography and human development. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Brown, K. R., & Brown, R. (2003). Faith and works: church-based social capital resources and African American political activism. Social Forces, 82(2), 617–641. CrossRef
Caughy, M. O., O’Campo, P., & Muntaner, C. (2003). When being alone might be better: neighborhood poverty, social capital, and child mental health. Social Science & Medicine, 57, 227–237. CrossRef
Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95–120. CrossRef
Coleman, J. S (1990). Foundations of social theory.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Coleman, J. S., & Hoffer, T. (1987). Public and private high schools: the impact of communities. New York: Basic Books.
Creswell, J. W., & Plano-Clark, V. L. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Darling, N., Steinberg, L. & Gringlas, M., (1993). Community integration and value consensus as forces for adolescent socialization: a test of the Coleman and Hoffer hypothesis. Paper presented as part of a symposium entitled “Community and Neighborhood Influences on Adolescent Behavior” at the biennial meetings of the Society for Research on Child Development, New Orleans.
Fletcher, A. C., Bridges, T. L., & Hunter, A. G. (2007). Parental involvement in children’s friendships: race, class, and friendship context. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 69, 1135–1149. CrossRef
Fletcher, A. C., Hunter, A. G., & Eanes, A. Y. (2006). Links between social network closure and child well-being: the organizing role of friendship context. Developmental Psychology, 42, 1057–1068. CrossRef
Fletcher, A. C., Newsome, D., Nickerson, P., & Bazley, R. (2001). Social network closure and child adjustment. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 47, 500–531. CrossRef
Fletcher, A. C., Troutman, D. R., Gruber, K., Long, E., & Hunter, A. G. (2006). Context and closure in children’s friendships: prevalence and demographic variation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23, 609–627. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.527. CrossRef
Furstenberg, F. F. (2005). Banking on families: how families generate and distribute social capital. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 67, 809–821. CrossRef
Furstenberg, F. F., Cook, T. D., Eccles, J., Elder, G. H., & Sameroff, A. (1999). Managing to make it: Urban families and adolescent success. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Glanville, J. L., Sikkink, D., & Hernández, E. I. (2008). Religious involvement and educational outcomes: the role of social capital and extracurricular participation. The Sociological Quarterly, 49, 105–137. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1533-8525.2007.00108. CrossRef
Lewis, V. A., MacGregor, C. A., & Putnam, R. D. (2013). Religion, networks, and neighborliness: the impact of religious social networks on civic engagement. Social Science Research, 42, 331–346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2012.09.011. CrossRef
Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). The general self -efficacy scale: multicultural validation studies. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 139, 439–457. https://doi.org/10.3200/JRLP.139.5.439-457. CrossRef
Marshall, N. L., Noonan, A. E., McCartney, K., Marx, F., & Keefe, N. (2001). It takes an urban village: parenting networks of urban families. Journal of Family Issues, 22(2), 163–182. CrossRef
McLoyd, V. C., Hill, N. E., & Dodge, K. A. (2005). Ecological and cultural diversity in African American family life. In McLoyd, V. C., Hill, N. E., & Dodge, K. A., (Eds.), African American family life: Ecological and cultural diversity (pp. 3–20). NY: Guilford Press.
Offer, S., & Schneider, B. (2007). Children’s role in generating social capital. Social Forces, 85(3), 1126–1142. CrossRef
Pascoe, J. M., Ialongo, N. S., Horn, W. F., Reinhart, M. A., & Parradatto, D. (1988). The reliability and validity of the Maternal Social Support Index. Family Medicine, 20(4), 271–276.
Pew forum on religion and public life (2008). U.S. religious landscape survey. Religious affiliation: diverse and dynamic.
Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Schlauch, R. C., O’Malley, S. S., Rounsaville, B. J., & Ball, S. A. (2012). Internalizing and externalizing dimensions and alcohol use in first time DWI offenders: indirect effects through coping self -efficacy. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26, 133–139. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025808. CrossRef
Widmer, E. D. (2006). Who are my family members: bridging, and bonding social capital in family configurations. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23, 6979–6998.
Woolcock, M. (1997). Social capital and economic development: toward a theoretical synthesis and policy framework. Theory and Society, 27, 151–208. CrossRef
Woolcock, M. (2001). The place of social capital in understanding social and economic outcomes. Isuma: Canadian Journal of Public Policy Research, 2, 11–17. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006884930135.
Xu, Z., & Jang, E. E. (2017). The role of math self -efficacy in the structural model of extracurricular technology-related activities and junior elementary school students’ mathematics ability. Computers in Human Behavior, 68, 547–555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.11.063. CrossRef
- Social Capital, Parenting, and African American Families
Andrea G. Hunter
Shuntay Z. Tarver
- Springer US