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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2012

01-08-2012 | Original Article

Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A): Measuring Social Anxiety Among Finnish Adolescents

Auteurs: Klaus Ranta, Niina Junttila, Eero Laakkonen, Anni Uhmavaara, Annette M. La Greca, Päivi M. Niemi

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2012

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of social anxiety and the psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) among Finnish adolescents, 13–16 years of age. Study 1 (n = 867) examined the distribution of SAS-A scores according to gender and age, and the internal consistency and factor structure of the SAS-A. In a subsample (n = 563; Study 2) concurrent and discriminant validity of the SAS-A were examined relative to the Social Phobia Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory. Test–retest stability was examined over a 30-month period by repeated measures every 6 months in another subsample (n = 377; Study 3). Results mostly revealed no gender differences in social anxiety, except that boys reported more general social avoidance and distress than girls. Older adolescents (14–16-year-olds) reported higher social anxiety than younger adolescents (12–13-year-olds). Internal consistency for the SAS-A was acceptable for both genders and for all three SAS-A subscales. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the original 18-item three-factor structure of the SAS-A, accounting for 61% of the variance between items. Evidence for concurrent and discriminant validity was found. Test–retest stability over 6 months was satisfactory. Results support the reliability and validity of the Finnish adaptation of the SAS-A, and further indicate that gender differences in adolescents’ social anxiety may vary across Western countries.
Voetnoten
1
There were no significant differences in total SAS-A scores across the three schools, F (2, 864) = 2.700, p = 0.068. Although SAS-A scores of students from Turku M (SD) = 44.45 (11.64) differed from students from Lieto M (SD) = 42.08 (10.81), t (865) = 2.125, p = 0.034, these differences were not significant when the analyses adjusted for age differences across the two sites.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A): Measuring Social Anxiety Among Finnish Adolescents
Auteurs
Klaus Ranta
Niina Junttila
Eero Laakkonen
Anni Uhmavaara
Annette M. La Greca
Päivi M. Niemi
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2012
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-012-0285-2