Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Previous research with adult samples has demonstrated that self-imagery valence influences the emotional interpretations people make about social situations. However, no research has examined the effect of self-imagery valence on interpretations in children. In the present study we examined the causal role of self-imagery valence on interpretations and judgments concerning ambiguous social events. Self-imagery was experimentally induced by asking children to generate and hold in mind a negative or positive self-image while interpretation and judgmental biases were examined using an ambiguous stories task. Our results showed that social anxiety predicts more negative interpretation and judgmental biases in response to hypothetical social events. Additionally, exposing children to negative or positive self-imagery differentially affected their subsequent judgmental biases, although for interpretation biases this was only true for children scoring above the mean on social anxiety. Crucially, self-imagery valence interacted with social anxiety to predict interpretation (but not judgmental) biases. The findings provide early support for the suggestion that cognitive biases interact to maintain childhood social anxiety.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Amir, N., Foa, E. B., & Coles, M. E. (1998). Negative interpretation bias in social phobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36, 945–957. CrossRef
Beck, A. T., Emery, G., & Greenberg, R. L. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. New York: Harper Collins.
Bögels, S. M., Snieder, N., & Kindt, M. (2003). Specificity of dysfunctional thinking in children with symptoms of social anxiety, separation anxiety and generalized anxiety. Behaviour Change, 20, 160–169. CrossRef
Chorpita, B. F., Albano, A. M., & Barlow, D. H. (1996). Cognitive processing in children: Relation to anxiety and family influences. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 170–176. CrossRef
Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. Heimberg, M. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, & F. R. Schneier (Eds.), Social phobia: Diagnosis, assessment and treatment. New York: Guilford Press.
Hackmann, A., Surawy, C., & Clark, D. M. (1998). Seeing yourself through others’ eyes: A study of spontaneously occurring images in social phobia. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 26, 3–12. CrossRef
Harvey, A. G., Clark, D. M., Ehlers, A., & Rapee, R. M. (2000). Social anxiety and self-impression: Cognitive preparation enhances the beneficial effects of video feedback following a stressful social task. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 1183–1192. CrossRef
Hirsch, C., Clark, D. M., Williams, R., Morrison, J., & Mathews, A. (2005). Interview anxiety: Taking the perspective of a confident other changes inferential processing. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33, 1–12. CrossRef
Hirsch, C., & Mathews, A. (1997). Interpretive inferences when reading about emotional events. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 1123–1132. PubMed
Kovacs, M. K. (1992). Children’s depression inventory—Short form (CDI). New York: Multi-Health Systems Inc.
La Greca, A. M., Dandes, S. K., Wick, P., Shaw, K., & Stone, W. L. (1988). Development of the social anxiety scale for children: Reliability and concurrent validity. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 17, 84–91. CrossRef
La Greca, A. M., & Stone, W. L. (1993). The social anxiety scale for children-revised: Factor structure and concurrent validity. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 22, 17–27. CrossRef
Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2010). Abnormal child psychology (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth.
Preacher, K. J., Curran, P. J., & Bauer, D. J. (2006). Computational tools for probing interactions in multiple linear regression, multilevel modelling, and latent curve analysis. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 31, 437–448. CrossRef
Turk, C. L., Lerner, J., Heimberg, R. G., & Rapee, R. M. (2001). An integrated cognitive-behavioral model of social anxiety. In S. G. Hofmann & P. M. DiBartolo (Eds.), From social anxiety to social phobia: Multiple perspectives (pp. 281–303). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Vassilopoulos, S. P. (2005). Social anxiety and the effects of engaging in mental imagery. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, 261–277. CrossRef
Vassilopoulos, S. P. (2006). Interpretation and judgmental biases in socially anxious and nonanxious individuals. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 34, 243–254. CrossRef
Voncken, M. J., Bögels, S. M., & Peeters, F. (2007). Specificity of interpretation and judgmental biases in social phobia versus depression. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 80, 443–453. CrossRef
Warren, S. L., Emde, R. N., & Sroufe, L. A. (2000). Internal representations: Predicting anxiety from children’s play narratives. Journal for the American Academy for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 100–107. CrossRef
Williams, J. M. G., Watts, F. N., MacLeod, C., & Mathews, A. (1997). Cognitive psychology and emotional disorders (2nd ed.). Chichester: Wiley.
Wittchen, H.-U., Lieb, R., Schuster, P., & Oldehinkel, T. (2000). When is onset? Investigations into early developmental stages of anxiety and depressive disorders. In J. L. Rapoport (Ed.), Childhood onset of “adult” psychopathology: Clinical and research advances (pp. 259–302). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
- Social Anxiety and the Interaction of Imagery and Interpretations in Children: An Experimental Test of the Combined Cognitive Biases Hypothesis
Stephanos P. Vassilopoulos
Nicholas J. Moberly
- Springer US