Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Despite the high rates of co-occurrence between social anxiety and bulimic behaviors, research investigating the mechanisms underlying these associations is lacking. Given that perfectionism is strongly related to both social anxiety and bulimic behaviors, we tested whether individuals with elevated social anxiety and higher perfectionism would evince greater bulimic behaviors in a non-referred sample. Participants with clinically significant social anxiety (n = 89) were compared to a matched control group (n = 89). We also examined specificity by investigating whether perfectionism moderated the relations between social anxiety and drive for thinness or body dissatisfaction. Participants in the high social anxiety group evinced higher bulimic behaviors, body dissatisfaction, and drive for thinness. Yet, perfectionism only moderated the relationship between social anxiety group and bulimic behaviors, such that individuals scoring high on both social anxiety and perfectionism demonstrated the greatest number of bulimic behaviors. Clinical implications are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Brewerton, T. D., Lydiard, R. B., Ballenger, J. C., & Herzog, D. B. (1993). Eating disorders and social phobia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 70–79. PubMed
Cattarin, J. A., & Thompson, J. K. (1994). A three-year longitudinal study of body image, eating disturbance, and general psychological functioning in adolescent females. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 2, 114–125.
Cohen, J., & Cohen, P. (1983). Applied multiple regression for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Garner, D. M., Olmstead, M. P., & Polivy, J. (1983). Development and validation of a multidimensional eating disorder inventory for anorexia nervosa and bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2, 15–34. CrossRef
Grabhorn, R., Stenner, H., Stangier, U., & Kaufhold, J. (2006). Social anxiety in anorexia and bulimia nervosa: The mediating role of shame. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 13, 12–19. CrossRef
Heatherton, T. F., Nichols, P., Mahamedi, F., & Keel, P. (1995). Body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms among college students, 1982 to 1992. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 1623–1629. PubMed
Heimberg, R. G., Mueller, G. P., Holt, C. S., Hope, D. A., & Liebowitz, M. R. (1992). Assessment of anxiety in social interaction and being observed by others: The social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale. Behavior Therapy, 23, 53–73. CrossRef
Hope, D. A., Heimberg, R. G., Juster, H. R., & Turk, C. L. (2000). Managing social anxiety: A cognitive-behavioral therapy approach (Client Workbook). New York: Oxford University Press.
McLean, C. P., Miller, N. A., & Hope, D. A. (2007). Mediating social anxiety and disordered eating: The role of expressive suppression. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 15, 41–54.
Stoeber, J., Harris, R. A., & Moon, P. S. (2007). Perfectionism and the experience of pride, shame, and guilt: Comparing healthy perfectionists, unhealthy perfectionists, and non-perfectionists. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 131–141. CrossRef
- Social Anxiety and Bulimic Behaviors: The Moderating Role of Perfectionism
Kiara R. Timpano
Julia D. Buckner
Norman B. Schmidt
- Springer US