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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2007

01-09-2007 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Slowing Down Presentation of Facial Movements and Vocal Sounds Enhances Facial Expression Recognition and Induces Facial–Vocal Imitation in Children with Autism

Auteurs: Carole Tardif, France Lainé, Mélissa Rodriguez, Bruno Gepner

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2007

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Abstract

This study examined the effects of slowing down presentation of facial expressions and their corresponding vocal sounds on facial expression recognition and facial and/or vocal imitation in children with autism. Twelve autistic children and twenty-four normal control children were presented with emotional and non-emotional facial expressions on CD-Rom, under audio or silent conditions, and under dynamic visual conditions (slowly, very slowly, at normal speed) plus a static control. Overall, children with autism showed lower performance in expression recognition and more induced facial–vocal imitation than controls. In the autistic group, facial expression recognition and induced facial–vocal imitation were significantly enhanced in slow conditions. Findings may give new perspectives for understanding and intervention for verbal and emotional perceptive and communicative impairments in autistic populations.
Voetnoten
1
The TVAP (Active and Passive Vocabulary Test) is a french vocabulary test. It is made up of 30 sets of five pictures. These pictures represent either objects or actions. This test is divided in two subtests (Active and PassiveVocabulary subtests). In the Passive vocabulary subtest, the experimenter asks the child to point to one of the five pictures. This subtest assesses verbal comprehension level. In the Active Vocabulary subtest, the experimenter asks the child to give a definition of one of the five pictures. This subtest assesses verbal expression level. In our study, children with autism were matched with typically developing children using the passive Vocabulary subtest only.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Slowing Down Presentation of Facial Movements and Vocal Sounds Enhances Facial Expression Recognition and Induces Facial–Vocal Imitation in Children with Autism
Auteurs
Carole Tardif
France Lainé
Mélissa Rodriguez
Bruno Gepner
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0223-x