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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 4/2020

22-09-2018 | Original Article

Sleep and mindfulness meditation as they relate to false memory

Auteurs: Shaghayegh Konjedi, Reza Maleeh

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 4/2020

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Abstract

By a systematic analysis of the current literature, we compare two states of sleep and meditation in terms of their role in the formation or suppression of Deese–Roediger–McDermott (DRM) false memory. We aim to suggest that the occurrence of false memory under these two states is a result of reinforcing some abilities and changes in cognitive systems which can ultimately improve some aspects of cognitive functions. In our analogy, we propose that: (1) both sleep and meditation may improve source monitoring ability whose failure is one of the most important mechanisms in producing false memories, and (2) despite improvement in source monitoring ability, adaptive cognitive processes, as mechanisms which are common in sleep and meditation, can still produce false memories. In conclusion, we propose that in spite of their contribution to false memory through adaptive processes, the beneficial role of sleep and meditation in cognition may be more prominent than their harmful role.
Voetnoten
1
As Gallo (2006, p. 23) has pointed out, the consensus on using the abbreviation “DRM” in the relevant studies roots in the instrumental role that Roediger and McDermott’s (1995) works played in revitalizing the interest in illusion. They extended the task to false recognition and argued how it is related to false memory research. There were many subsequent experiments modeled based on their works and design. DRM label appropriately captures two sets of contributions: Roediger and McDermott’s studies together with Deese’s (1959) works. Deese developed lists to look at during recall intrusions (Bruce and Winograd 1998).
 
2
The effects of sleep on the quality of encoding can affect the quality of encoded information. However, the effects on the quality of encoded information are not always through the encoding process. The consolidation process can also be involved.
 
3
Most studies on the relationship between sleep and false memory have investigated the role of sleep after encoding process in false memory. However, sleep before encoding may be related to the DRM false memory too. Given that the quality of encoding, which plays a basic role in source monitoring, can be influenced by sleep before encoding, the beneficial role of sleep in source monitoring ability may not be limited to sleep after encoding.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Sleep and mindfulness meditation as they relate to false memory
Auteurs
Shaghayegh Konjedi
Reza Maleeh
Publicatiedatum
22-09-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 4/2020
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-1098-0

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