Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 4/2020

02-12-2019 | Original Paper

Short Form Version of the Father and Mother Attachment Questionnaire (FMAQ)

Auteurs: Filipa Nunes, Catarina P. Mota, Mónica Costa, Raquel S. Assunção, Paula M. Matos

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 4/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objectives

The Father and Mother Attachment Questionnaire (FMAQ) is a 30-item self-report measure developed for assessing adolescents’ and young adults’ representations of attachment relationships with each parental figure separately, across three dimensions: quality of emotional bond, separation anxiety, and inhibition of exploration and individuality. Five studies were conducted to develop a short-form of FMAQ and to examine whether this new short measure presented with fit psychometric properties.

Method

Study 1 involved Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses with 563 Portuguese adolescents and aim to select the best items to include in the short-form of the FMAQ. Studies 2 to 5 aimed to replicate the reliability and factor structure found in Study 1 through confirmatory factor analysis on independent samples of adolescents, young adults and adults.

Results

The IRT results suggested including 15-items in the short-form of FMAQ. The results provide support for the adjustment of the short factor structure, internal consistency, and invariance measurement (among gender of participants and parental roles), and predictive validity across different samples.

Conclusions

The results obtained in the five studies indicate that the short-form FMAQ is a reliable instrument to assess the quality of attachment to parents in adolescence and emerging adulthood, as well as to evaluate adults’ perceptions of their parents as attachment figures during their adolescence. Thus, we suggest this short-form as a promising research tool for researchers quickly to assess attachment to parents in these ages taking into account a three-dimensional approach.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Baker, F. B. (2001). The basics of item response theory. 2nd edn. United States of America: ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation. Baker, F. B. (2001). The basics of item response theory. 2nd edn. United States of America: ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation.
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: parent-child attachment and healthy human development. London: Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: parent-child attachment and healthy human development. London: Basic Books.
go back to reference Cabral, J., & Matos, P. M. (2010). COPE inventory—teste da estrutura factorial com uma amostra de jovens adultos [COPE inventory—factor structure test with a sample of young adults]. Psicologia, XXIV(1), 49–71. CrossRef Cabral, J., & Matos, P. M. (2010). COPE inventory—teste da estrutura factorial com uma amostra de jovens adultos [COPE inventory—factor structure test with a sample of young adults]. Psicologia, XXIV(1), 49–71. CrossRef
go back to reference Canavarro, M. (1999). Inventário de sintomas psicopatológicos—BSI. In M. Gonçalves, L. Almeida & M. Simões (Eds.), Testes e provas psicológicas em Portugal (volume II). Braga: APPORT. Canavarro, M. (1999). Inventário de sintomas psicopatológicos—BSI. In M. Gonçalves, L. Almeida & M. Simões (Eds.), Testes e provas psicológicas em Portugal (volume II). Braga: APPORT.
go back to reference Coutinho, J., Ribeiro, E., Ferreirinha, R., & Dias, P. (2009). Versão Portuguesa da escala de dificuldades de regulação emocional e sua relação com sintomas psicopatológicos [Portuguese version of the emotional regulation difficulties scale and its relation with psychopathological symptoms]. Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica, 37(4), 145–151. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1590/​S0101-6083201000040000​1. CrossRef Coutinho, J., Ribeiro, E., Ferreirinha, R., & Dias, P. (2009). Versão Portuguesa da escala de dificuldades de regulação emocional e sua relação com sintomas psicopatológicos [Portuguese version of the emotional regulation difficulties scale and its relation with psychopathological symptoms]. Revista de Psiquiatria Clinica, 37(4), 145–151. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1590/​S0101-6083201000040000​1. CrossRef
go back to reference Derogatis, L. R. (1975). Brief symptom inventory (BSI). Baltimore: Clinical Psychometric Research. Derogatis, L. R. (1975). Brief symptom inventory (BSI). Baltimore: Clinical Psychometric Research.
go back to reference Ferreira, M., & Costa, M. E. (1998). Inventory of peer and parental attachment. Adaptação do instrumento [Inventory of peer and parental attachment. Adaptation of the instrument]. Unpublished work. Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences at the of University of Porto, Portugal. Ferreira, M., & Costa, M. E. (1998). Inventory of peer and parental attachment. Adaptação do instrumento [Inventory of peer and parental attachment. Adaptation of the instrument]. Unpublished work. Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences at the of University of Porto, Portugal.
go back to reference Fraley, R. C., & Waller, N. G. (1998). Adult attachment patterns: a test of the typological model. In J. A. Simpson & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships (pp. 77–114). New York, NY: Guildford Press. Fraley, R. C., & Waller, N. G. (1998). Adult attachment patterns: a test of the typological model. In J. A. Simpson & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships (pp. 77–114). New York, NY: Guildford Press.
go back to reference Hoffman, J. A. (1984). Psychological separation of late adolescents from their parents. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31, 170–178. CrossRef Hoffman, J. A. (1984). Psychological separation of late adolescents from their parents. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31, 170–178. CrossRef
go back to reference Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
go back to reference Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. 4th edn. New York, NY: The Guilford Press. Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. 4th edn. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Marsh, H. W. (1988). The Self-Description Questionnaire (SDQ) III. A theoretical and empirical basis for the measurement of multiple dimensions of the late adolescent self-concept: an interim test manual and research monograph. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation. Marsh, H. W. (1988). The Self-Description Questionnaire (SDQ) III. A theoretical and empirical basis for the measurement of multiple dimensions of the late adolescent self-concept: an interim test manual and research monograph. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Massé, R., Poulin, C., Dassa, C., Lambert, J., Bélair, S., & Battaglini, M. A. (1998). Élaboration et validation d’un outil de mesure du bien-être psychologique: L’ÉMMBEP. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique, 89(5), 352–357. PubMed Massé, R., Poulin, C., Dassa, C., Lambert, J., Bélair, S., & Battaglini, M. A. (1998). Élaboration et validation d’un outil de mesure du bien-être psychologique: L’ÉMMBEP. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique, 89(5), 352–357. PubMed
go back to reference Matos, P. M. (2002). (Des)continuidades na vinculação aos pais e ao par amoroso em adolescentes [Discontinuities in attachment to parents and romantic partners in adolescents]. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences; University of Porto. Matos, P. M. (2002). (Des)continuidades na vinculação aos pais e ao par amoroso em adolescentes [Discontinuities in attachment to parents and romantic partners in adolescents]. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences; University of Porto.
go back to reference Matos, P. M., & Costa, M. E. (2001). Questionário de Vinculação ao Pai e à Mãe (QVPM): Versão revista [Father and Mother Attachment Questionnaire (FMAQ): revised version]. Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences at the University of Porto, Portugal. Matos, P. M., & Costa, M. E. (2001). Questionário de Vinculação ao Pai e à Mãe (QVPM): Versão revista [Father and Mother Attachment Questionnaire (FMAQ): revised version]. Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences at the University of Porto, Portugal.
go back to reference Monteiro, S., Tavares, J., & Pereira, A. (2012). Adaptação portuguesa da escala de medida de manifestação de bem-estar psicológico com estudantes universitários—EMMBEP [Portuguese adaptation of the scale of measure of manifestation of psychological well-being with university students—EMWB]. Psicologia Saúde & Doenças, 13(1), 66–77 . Monteiro, S., Tavares, J., & Pereira, A. (2012). Adaptação portuguesa da escala de medida de manifestação de bem-estar psicológico com estudantes universitários—EMMBEP [Portuguese adaptation of the scale of measure of manifestation of psychological well-being with university students—EMWB]. Psicologia Saúde & Doenças, 13(1), 66–77 .
go back to reference Moura, O., Spill, R., & Matos, P. M. (2010). The Father/Mother Attachment Questionnaire (FMAQ): Factor structure invariance across Portuguese and German adolescents. Milan, Italy: 5th Congress of the European Society on Family Relations. Moura, O., Spill, R., & Matos, P. M. (2010). The Father/Mother Attachment Questionnaire (FMAQ): Factor structure invariance across Portuguese and German adolescents. Milan, Italy: 5th Congress of the European Society on Family Relations.
go back to reference Nunes, F., Matos, P. M., & Mota, C. P. (2018). Perspetivas sobre o futuro: Tradução e adaptação para a população portuguesa [Visions about future. Translation and adaptation into Portuguese]. Unpublished manuscript. Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences at the University of Porto, Portugal. Nunes, F., Matos, P. M., & Mota, C. P. (2018). Perspetivas sobre o futuro: Tradução e adaptação para a população portuguesa [Visions about future. Translation and adaptation into Portuguese]. Unpublished manuscript. Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences at the University of Porto, Portugal.
go back to reference Rice, K. G., FitzGerald, D. P., Whaley, T. J., & Gibbs, C. L. (1995). Cross-sectional and longitudinal examination of attachment, separation-individuation, and college student adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 463–474. CrossRef Rice, K. G., FitzGerald, D. P., Whaley, T. J., & Gibbs, C. L. (1995). Cross-sectional and longitudinal examination of attachment, separation-individuation, and college student adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 463–474. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Short Form Version of the Father and Mother Attachment Questionnaire (FMAQ)
Auteurs
Filipa Nunes
Catarina P. Mota
Mónica Costa
Raquel S. Assunção
Paula M. Matos
Publicatiedatum
02-12-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 4/2020
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01672-6

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2020

Journal of Child and Family Studies 4/2020 Naar de uitgave