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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2/2015

01-04-2015

Shared versus specific features of psychological symptoms and cigarettes per day: structural relations and mediation by negative- and positive-reinforcement smoking

Auteurs: Katherine J. Ameringer, Chih-Ping Chou, Adam M. Leventhal

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 2/2015

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Abstract

This study examined the extent to which shared versus specific features across multiple manifestations of psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety, ADHD, aggression, alcohol misuse) associated with cigarettes per day. Subsequently, we investigated whether negative- (i.e., withdrawal relief) and positive- (i.e., pleasure enhancement) reinforcement smoking motivations mediated relations. Adult daily smokers (N = 338) completed self-report measures and structural equation modeling was used to construct a 3-factor (low positive affect-negative affect-disinhibition) model of affective and behavioral symptoms and to test relations of each latent factor (shared features) and indicator residual (specific features) to smoking level. Shared dimensions of low positive affect, negative affect, and disinhibition associated with smoking rate. Negative-reinforcement smoking mediated the link between latent negative affect and heavier daily smoking. Specific features of psychological symptoms unique from latent factors were generally not associated with cigarettes per day. Features shared across several forms of psychological symptoms appear to underpin relations between psychological symptoms and smoking rate.
Voetnoten
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In this study, this 3-factor model outperformed a 1-factor (general psychological maladjustment) and a 2-factor (internalizing-externalizing) model. The scales were selected to provide adequate representation of constructs that could map onto any one of these three models. The cross-loading of the general depression scale (MASQ:GDD) on the low positive affect factor in this 3-factor model was based on modification indices output in Mplus v6.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Shared versus specific features of psychological symptoms and cigarettes per day: structural relations and mediation by negative- and positive-reinforcement smoking
Auteurs
Katherine J. Ameringer
Chih-Ping Chou
Adam M. Leventhal
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 2/2015
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-014-9597-y