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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 3/2011

01-06-2011 | Original Article

Shared Variance Among Self-Report and Behavioral Measures of Distress Intolerance

Auteurs: R. Kathryn McHugh, Stacey B. Daughters, Carl W. Lejuez, Heather W. Murray, Bridget A. Hearon, Stephanie M. Gorka, Michael W. Otto

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 3/2011

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Abstract

Distress intolerance may be an important individual difference variable in understanding maladaptive coping responses across diagnostic categories. However, the measurement of distress intolerance remains inconsistent across studies and little evidence for convergent validity among existing measures is available. This study evaluated the overlap among self-report and behavioral measures of distress intolerance in four samples, including an unselected sample, a sample of patients with drug dependence, and two samples of cigarette smokers. Results suggested that the self-report measures were highly correlated, as were the behavioral measures; however, behavioral and self-report measures did not exhibit significant associations with each other. There was some evidence of domain specificity, with anxiety sensitivity demonstrating strong associations with somatic distress intolerance, and a lack of association between behavioral measures that elicit affective distress and those that elicit somatic distress. These findings highlight a potential divergence in the literature relative to the conceptualization of distress intolerance as either sensitivity to distress or as the inability to persist at a task when distressed. Further research is needed to elucidate the conceptualization and measurement of distress intolerance to facilitate future clinical and research applications of this construct.
Voetnoten
1
The correlations presented in this study represent secondary analyses of datasets from four studies. The sample descriptive statistics have been reported elsewhere; however, these particular correlational analyses have not been reported in previous studies.
 
2
Due to the collection of salivary cortisol in this study, individuals with hormonal dysfunction or currently using steroidal medications were excluded from the study.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Shared Variance Among Self-Report and Behavioral Measures of Distress Intolerance
Auteurs
R. Kathryn McHugh
Stacey B. Daughters
Carl W. Lejuez
Heather W. Murray
Bridget A. Hearon
Stephanie M. Gorka
Michael W. Otto
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 3/2011
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-010-9295-1