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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2016

05-10-2015 | Original Paper

Sex Differences in Internalizing Problems During Adolescence in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Tasha M. Oswald, Mary Ann Winter-Messiers, Brandon Gibson, Alexandra M. Schmidt, Cynthia M. Herr, Marjorie Solomon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2016

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Abstract

We hypothesized that the double hit conferred by sex and diagnosis increases the risk for internalizing disorders in adolescent females with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a sample of 32 adolescents with ASD and 32 controls, we examined the effects of sex, diagnostic factors, and developmental stages on depression and anxiety. A 3-way interaction revealed that females with ASD exhibited greater depressive symptoms than males with ASD and female controls particularly during early adolescence; therefore, females with ASD might have a unique combination of genetic, hormonal, and psychosocial vulnerabilities that heighten their risk for depression during early adolescence. Additionally, the ASD group reported high levels of separation anxiety and panic in late adolescence, possibly indicating atypical development of independence.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Sex Differences in Internalizing Problems During Adolescence in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Tasha M. Oswald
Mary Ann Winter-Messiers
Brandon Gibson
Alexandra M. Schmidt
Cynthia M. Herr
Marjorie Solomon
Publicatiedatum
05-10-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2608-1